New Delhi: Delhi has seen 40 swine flu cases this year till Tuesday, a city government health official said.
“This year, we have witnessed 40 swine flu cases from various parts of the city,” the health official told IANS.
He said there has been no death so far due to the air-borne disease, which in 2015 had claimed the lives of 12 people and infected over 4,000 people in the capital.
The disease claimed 1,994 lives in India in 2015, while the total number of cases crossing the 33,000 mark.
Swine flu or H1N1 is a respiratory infection that spreads through coughing, sneezing and touching. Short distance air-borne transmission of the influenza virus may also occur, particularly in crowded enclosed spaces.
Asked which part of Delhi has witnessed the highest number of swine flu cases this year, the officer said East Delhi has reported more than 25 cases. (IANS)
Swine flu is a disease that attacks the respiratory tract of pigs, is caused by influenza viruses
The first time when Swine Flu was identified in humans was in the year 2009 in Mexico
Consult your doctor if you think you are at a higher risk of acquiring this infection
New Delhi (India), Aug 22, 2017: Swine Flu can get transferred from one person to another. Thus, it creates a panic situation whenever a single person is infected with this disease. To avoid catching this disease we can take some precautions.
As per the data from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare India- there has been 8,648 Swine Flu cases and 345 deaths caused by this disease till May 7, 2017. There were 1,786 Swine Flu cases and 265 deaths caused by it in 2016. Till May 7, Tamil Nadu alone has had 2,798 cases of it, 181 and 130 people suffered at the hands of this disease in Maharashtra and Gujarat respectively. The worst years for Swine Flu outbreak in India were 2009-10 when it affected almost 50,000 people and took more than 2,700 lives across the country.
According to ANI report, some important guidelines on diagnosis of Swine Flu are given below. We have also mentioned the steps one should take if they catch Swine Flu and other crucial pointers which you don’t want to miss.
What is Swine Flu?
Swine flu is a disease that attacks the respiratory tract of pigs, is caused by influenza viruses. The symptoms shown by an infected animal are barking cough, decreased appetite, listless behavior and nasal secretions. The virus can mutate and get easily transmissible in humans.
The first time when Swine Flu was identified in humans was in the year 2009 in Mexico. After a few months, the very first of the swine flu cases were reported; slowly the rate, at which H1N1-related illness started spreading, was increasing around the globe. As a result, in August 2010 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the infection ‘a global pandemic’ (a disease prevalent all over the world).
Even now, H1N1 has not stopped spreading is still getting circulated in humans, as a ‘seasonal flu virus’ and protection against this strain was thus included in seasonal flu vaccines. More recently, another strain, H3N2 infected humans in 2011.
What is the time period till this disease lasts?
Generally, the incubation period of a swine flu virus is between 3 to 7 days but if one catches a serious infection it can last about 9 or even 10 days.
What are the symptoms?
H1N1 flu symptoms take some time to develop, it takes around 1 to 3 days in humans. This is after they are exposed to the virus.
If you want to reduce the risk of contracting the influenza virus, it can be done through vaccinations. Consult your doctor if you think you are at a higher risk of acquiring this infection. The need to get vaccinated increases if one is traveling to a place where many cases have been recently reported.
The High-risk groups are:
Children: who are younger than 5 yrs of age, especially those who are younger than 2 yrs
Senior citizens: Those 65 years and older
Pregnant women: who are within 2 weeks of delivery, including those women who have had a miscarriage
Chronic Medical Conditions: People suffering from it. Chronic Medical Conditions like heart disease, diabetes asthma, kidney, liver or blood disease, emphysema and neuromuscular disease
Those who are immunosuppressed (reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system) due to some particular medications or because of HIV
How to get it Diagnosed?
If you want to get it diagnosed, it can be done by taking a nose or throat swab. This should be done within the first 5 days of the illness, this being the most infectious period of the disease. Only a few labs are authorized to conduct Swine Flu tests. The Swab results take 8 to 24 hours, after seeing the results and consulting the doctor, the patient will know if he/she has this disease. Some labs are well equipped with a skilled technician if you prefer a home collection of the sample. “The expert team of pathologists is also able to guide clinicians and patients for report analysis and queries surrounding swine flu diagnosis,” mentions ANI report.
Apart from taking vaccines and getting tested for Swine Flu. One of the easiest ways to prevent catching swine flu is by maintaining a basic hygiene routine which includes washing your hands on a regular basis.
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Jaipur: As many as 11 deaths have been reported this year in Rajasthan due to the highly contagious H1N1 virus, popularly known as swine flu, officials said.
“Since the start of this year till January 19, 11 people have died due to swine flu virus in the state. Besides, 54 people have been found positive for swine flu,” a medical and health department official told IANS.
Jaipur reported the maximum of five deaths, followed by two in Bikaner, and one each in Ajmer, Sikar, Jhunjhunu and Kota.
Likewise, out of the 54 positive cases, 32 were reported from Jaipur, six from Kota, and the rest from other cities.
In 2015, swine flu had hit the state hard, with over 6,800 positive cases reported in the year and the toll hitting 468.
Rajasthan’s Medical and Health Minister Rajendra Rathore has directed the setting up of separate out patient departments (OPD), isolation wards and ICUs in all government hospitals for people suffering from H1N1.
He asked hospital authorities to keep ventilators ready and provide three-layer masks in OPDs.
Government hospitals have been asked to keep a full stock of medicines for treatment of H1N1.
Besides educating people about swine flu through posters, banners and advertisements, the government has also decided to conduct blood and other diagnostic tests on patients showing signs of swine flu.
“We will undertake a survey of at least 50 homes situated near houses where positive cases of swine flu have been reported,” a medical and health department official said. (IANS)
Jaipur: As many as 21 new positive cases of swine flu have been reported in Rajasthan in the last seven days, taking the total number of people suffering from the highly contagious H1N1 virus to 38 this year, officials said on Wednesday.
“These 21 cases have been reported in the period from January 6 to January 12. Since the start of this year, five people have died due to the virus in the state,” a medical and health department official told IANS.
Of these five deaths, two were reported from Jaipur and one each from Sikar, Kota and Churu.
Of the 38 cases, the maximum 22 cases were reported from Jaipur, followed by six from Kota and three from Sikar and the rest from other places.
In 2015, over 6,800 swine flu cases were reported, and 468 people died.
Besides educating people about swine flu through posters, banners and advertisements, the state government has also decided to conduct blood and other diagnostic tests on patients showing signs of swine flu.
“We have decided to undertake a survey of at least 50 houses situated near houses where positive cases of swine flu have been reported,” the official said.
For providing early relief to patients, rapid response teams are also being set up.
Government hospitals have been asked to keep full stock of medicines for H1N1. (IANS)