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90:10 funding pattern to be maintained for Northeast

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photo credit:mdoner.gov.in

Agartala: The NDA government has agreed to provide central funding for the core Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) to the Northeast states with the same ratio as earlier, an official said here.

The chief ministers of the eight northeastern states ruled by the Congress, Left and regional parties, through a unanimous resolution, had earlier urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to maintain the special category status for their states.

The funding pattern for the special category was in the ratio of 90:10, where 90 percent of the total expenditure was borne by the central government and 10 percent contributed by the state concerned.

There are 11 states in India clubbed under the special status category – the eight northeastern states, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand.

“Union Minster of State for Finance Jayant Sinha said that the central government has mostly resolved to keep on with the 90 to 10 ratio funding pattern for 17 Core CSS and would follow the 80 to 20 ratio pattern for non-core CSS schemes for the northeastern states,” an official of the North Eastern Council (NEC) told IANS.

“The funding pattern would be retained based on the recommendations of the Shivraj Singh Committee formed to study the funding pattern for the northeastern states.”

The union minister held a meeting with the senior officials of all eight Northeast states, NEC, Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) in Meghalaya capital Shillong on Monday and reviewed the performance of Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna, CSS and other centrally sponsored programmes and projects.

“The minister said for the development of the northeast, money is not a problem. The DONER ministry has funds of Rs.2,369 crore while the World Bank is ready to provide funds for the development of the region,” the official added.

( By Sujit Chakrabarty, IANS)

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Lachit Borphukan : The undefeated warrior in Battle of Saraighat who resisted Mughal conquest of Northeast India

Not many of us know about the unsung hero of Battle of Saraighat, Lachit Borphukan, the military commander of Ahom Kingdom who resisted Mughal conquest in Northeast India

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Battle of Saraighat
Lachit Borphukan statue (SM)
  • When Mughal empire was brutally expanding under Aurangzeb, then the commander of Ahom dynasty, Lachit Borphukan made them taste their worst defeat in historic Battle of Saraighat

With mighty army of Mughals Aurangzeb was eyeing at Northeast India. But he was not aware of what fate his army will meet when they clash with Ahom dynasty of Assam under commandership of Lachit Borphukan, the man who shattered dreams of Mughal empire to conquest Northeast India. We are quite familiar with the valour of Maharana Pratap and Shivaji but somehow we were not told much about the unsung hero of Battle of Saraighat, Lachit Borphukan. Battle of Saraighat would always be remembered for the victory of a much smaller Ahom army over the mighty Mughal Army, through a combination of tactical brilliance, guerrilla warfare and intelligence gathering. It was the last attempt by the Mughals to extend their empire into Assam.

The valiant Ahoms had successfully repulsed frequent attacks on their motherland since the time of Muhammad Ghori for around seventeen invasions.

Battle of Saraighat
Lachit Borphukan, commander of Ahom dynasty (Wikimedia)

The Mughals, were comparatively very well equipped, but failed to make any advances towards the Ahom army in the first phase of the war. So they offered Lachit Borphukan a bribe of one lakh rupees to abandon Guwahati but Lachit Borphukan refused to surrender.

From the capital city of Guwahti to the depths of the forests the Ahom warriors fought and held back the tide of invasion. The proud warriors of Central Asia, Mughals and Pathans alike were retreated  by the valiant resistance of the Ahoms.

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An incident in the history of Ahom resistance radiates the spirit which animated their fight for freedom, when Lachit Borphukan, the Army General of Ahom king Chakradhwaj Singha had beheaded his maternal uncle for dereliction of duty while preparing to face the Mughals. His execution of his own uncle for not showing sufficient dedication to the war effort was not just an act of impulse but a reminder to his soldiers that in the service of one’s Dharma, it is not possible to adopt double standards of judgement. This act of selflessness and dedication further motivated the troops, who were charged with full energy and enthusiasm to the battle field. Such examples are not very uncommon in Indian history where Dharma is upheld.

Battle of Saraighat
Lachit borphukan, might warrior of Ahom kingdom (zeenews)

The reason why small Ahom army under Lachit Borphukan defeated mighty army of Mughals lies in the elaborate defense organized by him along the Brahamputra river which denied the use of the waterway to a large army of Aurangzeb comprising 1800 Turkish cavalry, 30,000 infantry and 500 cannons manned by the Portuguese. In the final stages of the battle, despite being seriously ill, he rallied his soldiers and personally led an assault forcing them to retreat. It is recorded that he said:“When my countrymen are suffering from invasion, and when my army is fighting and sacrificing its life, how can I think about resting my body due to a mere illness? How can I think about going home to my wife and children when my entire country is in trouble?”

The Mughal Commander-in-Chief, acknowledging his defeat by the Ahom soldiers and their Commander-in-Chief Lachit Barphukan, wrote, “Glory to the king! Glory to the counselors! Glory to the commanders! Glory to the country! One single individual leads all the forces! Even I, Ram Singh, being personally on the spot, have not been able to find any loophole and an opportunity!”

Lachit died soon after his victory at The Battle of Saraighat due to illness. It is sad that Lachit Borphukan is an unsung hero, let us give him the recognition he deserves, we must tell his tale of valour to coming generations and derive inspiration, he is an example that no matter how strong opponents and barbaric forces were, someone, somewhere resisted and fought against them for protection of motherland.

 

– by SHAURYA RITWIK, Shaurya is Sub-Editor at NewsGram and writes on Geo-politcs, Culture, Indology and Business. Twitter Handle – @shauryaritwik

One response to “Lachit Borphukan : The undefeated warrior in Battle of Saraighat who resisted Mughal conquest of Northeast India”

  1. THE FIRST EVER MUSLIM INVASION OF WESTERN ASSAM(THE NAME ASSAM DID NOT EXIST AT THAT TIME AND WAS KNOWN AS KAMRUPA OR KAMATAPUR) WAS IN THE YEAR 1206 BY THE DESTROYER OF NALANDA AND VIKRAMSHILA UNIVERSITY,THE GREAT TURKIC GENERAL AND RULER OF BENGAL BAKHTIAR KHILJI( FROM THE KHIJI TRIBE OF AFGHANISTAN).HE ATTACKED KAMARUPA WITH THE INTENSION OF CAPTURING TIBET.IN KAMRUPA HE HAD TO FACE GREAT RESISTANCE FROM THE KOCH KING PRITHU AND RETURN BACK EMPTYHANDED AFTER A CRUSHING DEFEAT.THE SECOND ATTACK HAPPENED IN 1227 AGAIN DURING PRITHU’S RULE BY BENGAL RULER GHIYASUDDIN IWAJ.THE THIRD ATTACK HAPPENED IN 1228 BY BENGAL GOVERNOR NASIRUDDIN AND THIS TIME PRITHU WAS KILLED.AFTER THAT SEVEN MORE ATTACKS FOLLOWED ON KAMARUPA OR KAMATAPUR.THE FIRST MUSLIM INVASION OF EASTERN ASSAM( ASOM OR AHOM) WAS ONLY IN 1516 OR 1527 BY THE GREAT WAZIRS DURING REIGN OF AHOM KING SUHUNGMUNG .THE AHOMS CAME TO UPPER ASSAM(INHABITED AND RULED BY GROUPS OF KACHARI PEOPLE NAMELY THE MORANS ,BORAHIS AND THE GREAT CHUTIAS) FROM THE BORDER REGIONS OF MYANMAR AND CHINA ONLY DURING THIRTEENTH CENTURY. AT THAT ASSAM WAS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS – CHUTIA KINGDOM(UPPER ASSAM).KACHARI KINGDOM(CENTRAL ASSAM) AND KAMATAPUR RULED BY THE KOCHES(WESTERN ASSAM).THE WORD ASOM OR AHOM EXISTED ONLY FROM THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY AFTER THE AHOMS SUBJUGATED THE CHUTIAS AND THE KACHARIS AND BROUGHT THE WHOLE OF UPPER AND CENTRAL ASSAM UNDER THEIR CONTROL.PEOPLE OF KAMATAPUR OR WESTERN ASSAM THEN CALLED THE EASTERN REGION AS THE ASOM OR AHOM KINGDOM.THE BATTLE OF SARAIGHAT WAS THE 17TH AND FINAL ATTACK BY MUSLIMS.IT HAPPENED IN THE YEAR 1671.IT WOULD BE VERY WRONG TO SAY THAT ONLY THE AHOMS DEFEATED MUGHALS ALONE AS THERE WERE THOUSANDS OF KOCH SOLDIERS OF KOCH HAJO.THERE WERE ALSO DAFLA SOLDIERS FROM ARUNACHAL,GARO SOLDIERS FROM MEGHALAYA,MUSLIM SOLDIERS WHO WERE PRISONERS OF WAR . IT WOULD BE BETTER TO SAY THAT THE BATTLE AGAINST THE MUGHALS WAS WON WITH THE UNIFIED SOLDIERS OF VARIOUS TRIBES UNDER GENERAL LACHIT BORPHUKAN.SIMILARLY THE MUGHAL ARMY ALSO CONSISTED OF THOUSANDS OF KOCH SOLDIERS FROM KOCH BEHAR AND RAJPUT SOLDIERS.

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Racial Discrimination Faced by North Easterners shows the Dark Side of Modern Society

India prides itself on its so called diversity but these are just plain talks. The real situation on the ground is terrible for all Northeasterners, especially womenfolk. People from Northeast are racially abused by mainland Indians as "chinkis" This derogatory term means an individual with slanted eyes.

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A group of Manipuri girls in Imphal. wikimedia

– by Gaurav Tyagi

  • The author spent several years in Delhi and sadly witnessed numerous unfortunate incidents in Delhi involving shoddy treatment of Northeast women and girls especially by Jats of urban villages like Katwaria Sarai, Ber Sarai and Munirka.

Northeastern states of India comprises of Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim & Mizoram. This region is also referred to as the Seven Sisters. The physical characteristics of the inhabitants of these states are different than the Indian people. Due to which they face racial discrimination in other parts of the country.

Northeasterners have oriental looks and are hard-working, friendly people. Matriarchy is practised among many groups in the Northeast. Successive Indian governments neglected this whole region, as a result it has stayed backwards in terms of infrastructure.

Controversial AFSPA

Tourists need special permits from the government authorities to visit many regions of Northeast India. In 1958, the Indian government passed a law, the Armed Forces Special Act (AFSPA) that applies to various seven Northeastern states. This grants security forces the power to search properties without a warrant, to arrest people and to use deadly force if there is “reasonable suspicion” that a person is acting against the state.

Army officers have legal immunity for their actions as per AFSPA; there can be no prosecution, suit or any other legal proceeding against anyone acting under this law. Indian army frequently misuses its power by harassing the residents of Northeast region under the pretext of this draconian law.

Social Exclusion of the Seven Sisters

An activist from Manipur, Irom Chanu Sharmila holds the world record as the longest hunger striker”. Sharmila grew up in Manipur, one of the Seven Sister States in India’s northeast, which has suffered from continuous neglect by the Indian government for decades.

Sharmila’s primary demand to the Indian government has been the repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA).

She started her fast in Malom on 5 November 2000 and vowed not to eat, drink, comb her hair or look in a mirror until AFSPA was repealed. She ended her hunger strike on 9 August 2016 after 16 years of fasting. Sadly, AFSPA is still in force. Ordinary people of Northeast India are tormented by Delhi through its army.

No major industry exists in this region, therefore, the employment prospects for the locals are practically non-existent. Basic infrastructure like roads and electricity supply is not up to the mark in this area. Youngsters from these parts migrate to big cities of India like Delhi, Bombay, Bangalore etc. to find jobs.

Assam
Assam Tea is globally known for its quality and taste uniqueness. Wikimedia

Racial Chauvinism

The women of North East are good looking and fashion conscious. Majority of Indian males are sexually frustrated perverts. They harass Northeast women on a daily basis. People from Northeast are racially abused by mainland Indians as “chinkis”, This derogatory term means an individual with slanted eyes.

The same abusive word is also used by the majority of Indians while referring to the Chinese citizens. State of affairs is dreadful in New Delhi, which is the capital city of India. Delhi has many localities known as Urban Villages. These places are just villages in a name. They do not have any farming land.

Owners of houses in these neighborhoods have got tall buildings erected by flouting all building laws, regulations in order to build the maximum number of rooms and put them on rent to earn easy tax-free cash. Northeast migrants to Delhi are overcharged higher rents by these deceitful landlords.

Urban villages, especially in areas around South Delhi are dominated in particular by a community known as ‘Jats’. They own most of the houses in these parts.

The Jat community comprises of male chauvinists of the worst kind on this planet. They earn huge tax-free income every month as rent from Northeasterners and other migrants to Delhi; as a result, most of them don’t do much productive work. They just sit in groups, play cards and drink liquor from morning-night.

All Indian political parties are scared of Jats as they resort to hooliganism to blackmail central as well as state governments in order to get concessions for their community.

These Jat men have made the life of Northeastern women in Delhi a living hell. These Northeastern women cannot go back to their homes in Northeast because they face sexual violence at the hands of Indian army personnel furthermore; there are no job prospects in the region. They are teased, sexually harassed and even raped by these unscrupulous Jat house owners and their family members.

Delhi Police also has plenty of Jat personnel so, these poor, unfortunate Northeast women cannot even complain about their ordeal to the Police.

A few women, who gather the courage to approach police stations to lodge complaints are ridiculed and abused by the Police staff as women of loose character, ‘chinki whores’ etc.

Northeasterners are highly depressed and frustrated due to this daily ordeal. Their culture, language, food habits and norms are all entirely different from the mainland Indians.

Does Unity in Diversity really exist in India?

India prides itself on its so called diversity but these are just plain talks. The real situation on the ground is terrible for all Northeasterners, especially womenfolk.

The citizens of all seven Northeastern states should not tolerate this discrimination anymore. They must pressurize their local politicians to raise this matter seriously with the central government in Delhi alternatively, they could completely boycott their so called political representatives.

“No taxation without representation”, this slogan originated during the 1750’s and 1760’s in U.S.A. It summarized the primary grievance of American colonists in the thirteen colonies against the British Parliament. This ultimately culminated in the successful American Revolution.

No voting without safety & respect

Northeastern citizens across the entire length and breadth of India should unite under the slogan; “No voting without safety & respect.”

Election Commission of India has introduced NOTA (None of the above) on the ballot papers as an option for the voters. It means that the voter does not find any political party’s candidate competent enough, that’s why they exercise the NOTA option by not voting for a candidate of any political party.

If, the ordinary residents of all seven northeastern states unite together and press NOTA during all state assembly as well as Parliamentary elections, then their local politicians, as well as political parties in Delhi, would definitely wake up to their serious grievances and initiate measures to prevent this dastardly treatment meted out to Northeast citizens in India.

FootnoteThis composition is dedicated to three beautiful, kind, compassionate, independent & friendly girls from Northeast India. Suzie, Tanya and Mikii were friends of the author in Delhi during the late 1990’s before we lost contact with each other. These girls were unfortunate victims of numerous atrocities perpetrated on them by Jats.

The writer sincerely hopes that all three of them are presently leading happy, peaceful lives somewhere and women from the Northeast region of India do not face any future trauma in Delhi as well as other cities in India.

– The author is a Master Degree holder in International Tourism & Leisure Studies from Netherlands and is based in China.

10 responses to “Racial Discrimination Faced by North Easterners shows the Dark Side of Modern Society”

  1. I think Author is hit hard by a Jat. Foolish Author….hey Author, You will find least jats in rape charge and in girls teasing. Jats can fire a bullet but can’t tease a girl.

    • Reservation Beggar Jats: Your English level shows that you are a Jaahil Jat frequently hit by an inferiority complex. You are one of those foolish jats, who try to learn English by going to a third grade English Coaching institute run by a half literate Jat brother of yours.

      • Chamaar also speakings. I think You forget mirchpur. Chamaar always compare yourself with jats, but you are not jat . I think I am better educated than you.My morality is higher than you shudra chamaar.. I have chamaar friend also, but I never discriminate any one with their caste. But guys like you make me feel that I am jat and I need to kick your ass.

        Reservation is for poors, they can be in any caste. You forgot about yourself Mr. SC, You are begging from last 70 years. BC..go and repair the shoe’s

        • Abaeyy oyee jatt nahii jhaant haii tuu lagtaa haii kii murthaal waaleyy gang rape tunney hii kareyy haii. Terii jaatiio kii tattii nikkall jaattii haiii chammaroo saeyy chudd chudd kaeyy. Bhadwaeyy bhaand Jhaanth kaahey ko itnaa uchaal rahaa haii. Reservation nahii millaa tohh teraeyy peechwaadey maeyy aagg lag gayyi. Jaa Jhaanth Chuttad Singh kaeyy gaon maeyy jaa aurr latrine saaf kaar. Kuaeyy kaeyy mehndaak, jaato kaeyy bhaand, jaat teraaey muuhh maeyy mutthh kaeyy tujhaeyy 2 rupaiye detaaey hongaeyy. Lagtaa haii tuu Jaato kii randii haii tabhii itnaa bhaunkk rahaa haii.

          • main bhi to yahi kah raha hu ..teri bahan hi chut ki jhaant,,Teri bahan daily hamaare khet me chaara lene aati h..Uski godi me mera hi bachha h. Chaare ke badle me teri bahan se kuchh bhi le lo. Ab to teri bahan ko randi bana diya h 10-10 rs. me deti h. Ambedkar ki kasam 80% chamaari jats ki rakhel rahti h..Apni maa se puchh le, kaun jat uska yaar thha

        • Tu o pakka chamar ki aulaad hai. Chamarron jaise gali galoouch tere khoon me hai. Pata kar le kisi chamar ne to nahi paida kiya tujhe. Jaat to nahi hai tu choora

          • tu hoga chamaar ki aulad..Ye dekh start kisne kiya h. mera first comment ish post ke upar thha. This post is showing wrong thing about Jats. Jats se sab jalte h. Tumhari aukat bhi chamaaro wali hi h haryana me..You all feel jealous to see the status of jats in haryana. Tu pakka chamaar ka beez h jo ish chamaar ka saath de raha h..Sahi naam laga apna post par

            pahle chhedenge nahi phir chhodenge nahi..Yahi jat ka rule h

    • Considering your extremely low English level, you have to buy an English dictionary in order to comprehend these 2 articles. Now, that your misconceptions about Jats have been removed. Shut up your filthy mouth, you proverbial frog in the well. This author has travelled to more countries in the world than you or your Jaahil Khandaan must have seen cities in India. It seems that you like to swallow the ‘cum’ of all filthy jats in the town, who shoot their semen down your dirty mouth. Go and indulge in your gay games. Get lost you bloody illiterate bastard.

      • Guys like you wash my car.Are you victim of murthal rape case? Author travel more countries than me but he doesn’t not know about his country..Dogs like you can bark only here not in front of jats. Did you rape by any jat. Come in front of me BC ..I will show you who are jat. Jats are not frog they are spread all over world.But guys like you are mouse who always underground when you see jats are coming . I think you are from maali Raj Kumar saini brigade. Don’t bark here if you have any problem with jats then come in front of me.

  2. Kyaa kahh rahaa haii baeyy tu.. Teri bahen, biwi, ma aurr beti kii chutto maeyy suwarr kaeyy laudaeyy. Terii Bahen Pamela Singh, Jaatni, India kii pehlii International raand thii jiskaa bhonsdaa England kaeyy bhuddoo naeeyy phadd phadd kaeyy kuwaa banaa diyaa thaa. Terii Biwi, ammaa aurr beti Chamaaro kaeyy laudaeyy chuustii haii aurr Chuttad chaataii kartii haii. Aa jaa Deoba Punjab maeyy, Dikhaa taeyy haii tujhaeey bahen kaeyy laudaeyy Jhaant kii hum Chamar kaiseey tumarri Jaatnio ko kutiyaa banna banna kaeyy chodtaeyy haii. Aurr Tuu tohh mera hii paidaa kiiyaa huaa ek bastard haii, jab terii maa kaeyy uppar hum 10 Chammar chaddey thaeyy. Jaatnio saeyy tohh free maeyy kuchh bhii laeyy lo kyunkii tumm Jat sirf bakchodd ho, laudaeyy tohh tumaharrey khaddey hottaeyy nahii. Terii tohh kaumm kii harr Jaatnii randi haii, free maeyy chuddtii haii. Teraeyy Chuttad Singh neta jiskaeyy laundaeyy kii politics maeyy maa, bahen aur betii sabb chudd chukkii haii ki Kasamm harr jaatnii ek ranndd haii. Apnii maa saeyy tuu pucchh kii 10 Chammaro naeyy ussaeyy jab choddaa thaa unmaeyy saeyy kiss Chamar kii aulad haii tuu bhadwaeyy.

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Over 400 US World War II servicemen estimated to be missing in India’s Northeast

The DPAA conducted field activities in Arunachal Pradesh from November 1-December 14, 2016, in search of US World War II unaccounted for personnel

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Indian Troops in Burma, Wikimedia

Kolkata, May 31, 2017: Over 400 US World War II servicemen are estimated to be missing in India’s northeast where recent field activities have yielded evidence possibly associated with unaccounted-for personnel, a US Defense Department official said here on Wednesday.

We estimate there are 425 servicemen still missing in northeast India, as per records from Second World War. We were flying missions from India, supporting our efforts in China and Myanmar and so there were crash sites that incurred accidents either because of weather or malfunctions or even enemy action and airplanes crashed and were lost, said Lt. Col Kevin Pritz of the Department of Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Agency (DPAA), adding those missing were air servicemen.

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According to Pritz, there have been six identifications since 2013 and the remains have been returned to their families.

Participating in a talk and interactive session on The Anatomy of a Dig: Forensic Science and Anthropology, Pritz and forensic anthropologist Meghan-Tomasita Cosgriff from DPAA discussed how the various facets of forensic science and anthropology play a vital role in assisting the agency in recovering remains of missing US soldiers.

The DPAA conducted field activities in Arunachal Pradesh from November 1-December 14, 2016, in search of US World War II unaccounted for personnel.

The team recovered evidence that was subsequently examined by a Joint Forensic Review Committee comprising both DPAA and Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) members.

On December 7, 2016, the committee determined that the evidence was possibly correlated to US WWII service members unaccounted for from that region, and recommended the remains and material evidenceAbe transported to a DPAA laboratory for further analysis.

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In June, 2017, DPAA personnel will escort the evidence from Kolkata to a laboratory in Honolulu for analysis.

This activity marked the seventh mission relating to U.S. unaccounted for personnel conducted in India.

Past missions include: three recovery missions during 2008 and 2009 in Arunachal Pradesh, one investigation in Tripura in 2013, one investigation in Assam and Nagaland in 2014, one recovery in Arunachal Pradesh in 2015, and one investigation in Arunachal Pradesh 2016.

The Indian government has extended its full support to all these humanitarian missions. (IANS)

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