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Afghan IDPs Suffering Due to Government Inaction, Donor Fatigue

The number of internally displaced Afghans has doubled in the last three years, up from 500,000 in 2013, pointing to a sharp increase in people leaving their homes due to violence

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Afghan boy shepherds walk their sheep near temporary housing in Kabul, Afghanistan, May 30, 2016. Image source: AP
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  • One-point-two million Afghans are internally displaced due to conflict according to an Amnesty International report released in May, 2016
  • IDPs today lack basic essentials, including food and shelter, human rights groups say
  • Provincial governments that were required to help IDPs in their areas either ignored them or made the situation worse, according to SIGAR

The Afghan government has been unable to help some of its most vulnerable citizens, those displaced internally by violence, due to resistance from provincial governments, lack of capacity in key ministries, and corruption, according to the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction.

In an audit letter sent to the U.S. State Department and The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) this week, SIGAR also pointed out the lack of coordination in non-governmental organizations trying to help internally displaced persons (IDPs).

One-point-two million Afghans are internally displaced due to conflict according to an Amnesty International report released in May.

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That number has doubled in the last three years, up from 500,000 in 2013, pointing to a sharp increase in people leaving their homes due to violence.

“Even after fleeing their homes to seek safety, increasing numbers of Afghans are languishing in appalling conditions in their own country, and fighting for their survival with no end in sight,” Champa Patel, South Asia director at Amnesty International said.

 In this May 30, 2016 photo, Afghan internally displaced family are seen at their temporary home in a camp for internally displaced people in Kabul, Afghanistan. Image source: AP
In this May 30, 2016 photo, Afghan internally displaced family are seen at their temporary home in a camp for internally displaced people in Kabul, Afghanistan. Image source: AP

Afghanistan developed a National Policy on Internally Displaced Persons in 2013, which was supposed to address both the urgent and long-term needs of IDPs and their host communities. The situation for the IDPs, however, has “dramatically worsened” since then, according to Amnesty.

Donor fatigue

With the international community also gradually losing interest in Afghanistan, and other crises around the world catching the attention of donors, aid to the country has dropped significantly. IDPs today lack basic essentials, including food and shelter, human rights groups say.

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On top of that, provincial governments that were required to help IDPs in their areas either ignored them or made the situation worse, according to SIGAR.

“[A]ccording to State, some provincial governments have not accepted that IDPs have a right to stay in their provinces and were more inclined to regard the IDPs as economic migrants who do not have the same rights, such as the right to food, water, adequate shelter, and health care, as other Afghans,” SIGAR’s letter said, adding that in some cases these governments demolished IDP settlements claiming they were supposed to be temporary.

 Management failures

The letter also pointed out that the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation, MORR, which was supposed to distribute pieces of land to IDPs have so far only allocated a little over 50,000 plots, in response to half-a-million applications.

“MORR did not have the budget and lacked proper planning and procedures” to manage a medium- to long-term response to IDPs, according to SIGAR.

However, Sayed Huseen Alimi Balkhi, the Afghan minister of refugees and returnees, said his government was working hard to help the IDPs, despite difficult conditions.

“Based on the National Policy for the Resettlement of IDPs, they should be resettled, but in the past two years intensification of war has prevented the Afghan government from taking effective steps for resettlement of IDPs,” he said.

He added the Afghan government had worked hard for the rehabilitation of IDPs in Herat, Nangarhar, and Kabul provinces and work continued on shelter, and other infrastructure. (VOA)

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Modi must speak up on violence against women, children: Rahul

During the protest, Gandhi slammed the Prime Minister over the repeated incidents of violence, rape and murder of women in the country

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Rahul Gandhi (Twitter)

Congress President Rahul Gandhi on Friday said Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “silence” over the rape incidents in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kathua and Uttar Pradesh’s Unnao was “unacceptable”. He prodded him to speak.

He also accused the Bharatiya Janata Party governments in these states of “protecting rapists”. “Mr Prime Minister, your silence is unacceptable. What do you think about the growing violence against women and children? Why are accused rapists and murderers protected by the state? India is waiting. Speak up,” Gandhi said in a tweet.

Rahul Gandhi becomes president of Congress as mother Sonia Gandhi steps down
Rahul Gandhi attacks Modi again on his inability to secure women and children. Wikipedia

In another tweet earlier, Gandhi thanked people who had taken part in the midnight protest in Delhi against the “slumber” that the Modi government was in and sought justice for the victims.

“Thousands of men and women stood up to be counted in the battle for justice and to protest the rising acts of violence against girls and women.

Also Read: Rahul Gandhi Points at PM Modi to Vacate the Seat over Gas price Hike

“I thank each and everyone of you for your support. It shall not be in vain,” Gandhi said while attaching pictures of people who participated in the protest. Gandhi, who had led the protest Thursday night, was joined by his sister Priyanka Gandhi Vadra and her husband Robert Vadra, hundreds of party workers and senior party leaders.

During the protest, Gandhi slammed the Prime Minister over the repeated incidents of violence, rape and murder of women in the country. “We want the government to take action. Today, women are feeling insecure to move out of their houses. Somewhere a child, a woman is raped, killed and we want that the government should resolve this. The women of the country should feel safe,” he had said. IANS