Saturday May 26, 2018

Bronze Age gold workers in Ireland made artifacts from imported material, says a study

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London: Archaeologists have found evidence of an ancient gold trade route, dating to the early Bronze Age (2500 BC), between the southwest of Britain and Ireland.

Using a new technique to measure the chemical composition of some of the earliest gold artifacts in Ireland, the researchers determined that the objects were actually made from gold imported from Cornwall in Britain.

“This is an unexpected and particularly interesting result as it suggests that Bronze Age gold workers in Ireland were making artifacts out of material sourced from outside of the country, despite the existence of a number of easily-accessible and rich gold deposits found locally,” said lead author Chris Standish from University of Southampton in Britain.

“It is unlikely that knowledge of how to extract gold did not exist in Ireland, as we see large scale exploitation of other metals. It is more probable that an ‘exotic’ origin was cherished as a key property of gold and was an important reason behind why it was imported for production,” Standish said.

The researchers used an advanced technique called laser ablation mass spectrometry to sample gold from 50 early Bronze Age artifacts in the collections of the National Museum of Ireland, such as basket ornaments, discs and lunula (necklaces).

They measured isotopes of lead in tiny fragments and made a comparison with the composition of gold deposits found in a variety of locations.

After further analysis, the archaeologists concluded that the gold in the objects most likely originates from Cornwall, rather than Ireland — possibly extracted and traded as part of the tin mining industry.

The study appeared in the journal Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. (IANS)

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Britain Firmly Committed to Ensuring Iran Nuclear Deal

The two leaders also condemned the Iranian rocket attacks against Israeli forces earlier this week and agreed on the need for calm on all sides

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Theresa May
Theresa May (Wikimedia Commons)

British Prime Minister Theresa May has told US President Donald Trump that her government remains firmly committed along with her European partners to maintain the Iran nuclear deal, media reported on Saturday.

During a phone call on Friday, May said she was “firmly committed to ensuring the deal was upheld, as its the best way of preventing Iran from developing a nuclear weapon”, Xinhua News agency reported quoting Downing Street spokesperson.

May raised the potential impact of US sanctions on those firms which were currently conducting business in Iran.

The two leaders also condemned the Iranian rocket attacks against Israeli forces earlier this week and agreed on the need for calm on all sides.

Also Read: NASA Tests Mini-Nuclear Reactors for Moon and Mars

The spokesperson said May and Trump also discussed the relations between the US and North Korea, as May began the call by congratulating Trump on the safe return of three US citizens who had been held in North Korea.

“The two leaders looked forward to the summit which will take place between President Trump and Kim Jong-un in Singapore,” the spokesperson said, adding that Britain would continue to work with the US to keep up the pressure for denuclearisation of North Korea.

According to the spokesperson, May and Trump were looking forward to Trump’s visit to Britain in July. (IANS)

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