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Ballistic missile Agni-IV testfired as part of user trial

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New Delhi: India on Monday test-fired its nuclear-capable strategic ballistic missile Agni-IV, with a strike range of 4,000 km, from a test range off Odisha coast.

At 9:45 am, supported by a mobile launcher, the missile was flight tested from the launch complex-4 of Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island said DRDO officials.

“The sophisticated surface-to-surface missile is equipped with modern and compact avionics to provide high level of reliability,” as reported by media.

Agni-IV missile is equipped with 5th generation onboard computer and distributed architecture. It has the latest features to correct and guide itself for in-flight disturbances, they said.

The most accurate ring laser gyro-based inertial navigation system (RINS) and supported by the highly reliable redundant micro-navigation system (MINGS), ensures the vehicle reaches the target within two-digit accuracy.

The re-entry heat shield can withstand temperatures in the range of 4000 degrees centigrade and makes sure the avionics function normally with inside temperature remaining less than 50 degrees centigrade.

Agni-I, II and III and Prithvi are already in the arsenal of the armed forces, giving them reach of over 3000 kms and providing the country an effective deterrence capability, they said.

Radars and electro-optical systems were positioned along the coast of Odisha for tracking and monitoring all the parameters of the missile, the sources said, adding two Indian naval ships were anchored near the target area to witness the final event.

This was the fifth trial of Agni-IV missile. The last trial conducted by SFC of the army on December 2, 2014, was successful.

 

(IANS)

(Picture Courtesywww.rediff.com)

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DRDO Develops Ayurvedic Medicine For Vitiligo

DRDO's Lukoskin is said to be the most effective Vitiligo medicine found yet

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DRDO developed Ayurvedic medicine for Vitiligo. Vitiligo has lots of social stigma attached to it. Wikimedia Commons
DRDO developed Ayurvedic medicine for Vitiligo. Vitiligo has lots of social stigma attached to it. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) has developed an Ayurvedic drug for Vitiligo treatment
  • The ayurvedic medicine will ease the symptoms of vitiligo
  • DRDO started developing this medicine in 2012

DRDO, the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India, has developed an Ayurvedic medicine called the ‘Lukoskin’ which is bringing new hopes into the lives of people suffering from the disease, vitiligo.

DRDO developed a drug for vitiligo.
DRDO developed a drug for vitiligo.

The medicine is now commercially available for the patients of vitiligo. Although, Vitiligo is not harmful there is a social stigma attached to it due to its effects on a person’s appearance. There are many treatments available for vitiligo, however, none is too effective. DRDO’s Lukoskin, however, is said to have great effects. Before discussing the drug further, it is important to know about vitiligo.

What is Vitiligo and what is the cause? 

Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes loss of skin colour in a way that it creates blotches. The extent of colour loss from vitiligo cannot be predicted. It can affect any body part, even hair.

Vitiligo is caused by the absence or dysfunctioning of melanin in the cells. Melanin is pigment by which the colour of hair and skin is determined. Vitiligo can affect people of all skin types, but it is more noticeable in people with darker skin. It can be caused by severe exposure to sun and sunburns as well.

Vitiligo can be caused in hair as well. Wikimedia Commons
Vitiligo can be caused by the hair as well. Wikimedia Commons

Symptoms of Vitiligo 

The main symptom of vitiligo is a loss of skin colour. Usually, the discolouration first shows on body parts like the hands, feet, arms, face and lips.

Other symptoms of vitiligo also include premature whitening or greying of the hair, be it on head or face; loss of colour inside your mouth or near your nose; change in the colour of retina, etc. Vitiligo can happen at any age, however, it mostly occurs before the age of 20, mostly during childhood or at the time of birth.

Vitiligo causes more psychological harm than physical harm. Wikimedia Commons
Vitiligo causes more psychological harm than physical harm. Wikimedia Commons
DRDO’s treatment of Vitiligo – Lukoskin
Traditional vitiligo treatment includes sunlight or the other alternative used by many is, makeup. However, none of them is a permanent solution. Vitiligo cure as a whole is not available. There was no permanent treatment for vitiligo. These treatments just hide it, do not cure it.

However, DRDO’s Lukoskin is said to be the most effective Vitiligo medicine found yet. Lukoskin was first developed in 2012, it went through many comprehensive types of research and trials by scientists of the Defence Bio-Energy Research (DIBER), at Haldwani in Uttarakhand.

This vitiligo medicine comprises an ointment and an oral liquid, which the patients consume over a period of 300 to 400 days. During this time period, effective results will start showing. AIMIL Pharmaceuticals in Delhi is the manufacturer of this drug.

DRSO's medicine is a great relief for people suffering from vitiligo. Wikimedia Commons
DRSO’s medicine is a great relief for people suffering from vitiligo. Wikimedia Commons

Since the medicine is Ayurvedic, it is said to have no harmful side effects. With people going for Ayurvedic medicines nowadays, it will help more and more people suffering from vitiligo.

The medicine doesn’t completely cure Vitiligo, it, however, is most effective in easing its symptoms.

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