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Blast from the past: Five controversies surrounding Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

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By Nithin Sridhar

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of Independent India from 1947 to 1964. He is known as a man of letters, a statesman, a visionary who laid the foundation of free India. But his political as well as personal life were marked with controversies. Here are the five issues related to him that have become controversial-

  1. The Fiasco of 1962 Sino-Indian War: The fiasco in 1962 Sino-Indian War revealed the unpreparedness of the Indian Military and the flawed defense and foreign policy of Pandit Nehru. Nehru’s faulty policies were largely due to his infatuation with communism that made him blind towards Chinese designs.

Image from Voice of Nation
Image from Voice of Nation

 

  1. The mystery surrounding Netaji Bose’s death: It has been alleged that Nehru knew that Bose did not die in the plane crash in 1945 and he tried to cover it up. This allegation assumes credibility with recently declassified files revealing that Nehru government spied on Bose’s kin for nearly two decades. It has been further reported that the treasure of INA was looted by some freedom fighters after the supposed death of Bose and Nehru government was aware of it yet chose not to act.

Image by India Today
S.C. Bose on the extreme left and J.L. Nehru on the right. Image by India Today

 

  1. The Jeep Scandal of 1955: Following the attack on Kashmir by Pakistan, India’s high commissioner to Britain ignored protocols and placed an order to a dubious company for the purchase of army jeeps which were needed immediately. The jeeps of very poor quality arrived almost a year after the war ended and Nehru forced the government to accept them.

 

  1. The Mundhra Scandal of 1957: The government-owned Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) had purchased 124 lakhs worth of shares in six companies owned by Calcutta-based industrialist Haridas Mundhra in order to bail him out. The purchases were made under pressure from government and without the consultation of the investment committee. Following the disclosure of the scandal in the Parliament by Feroze Gandhi, the government was forced to appoint a one-man commission headed by Justice M.C. Chagla. As a result of this, Mundra was punished for 22 years of jail sentence and the finance minister T.T. Krishnamacharya was forced to resign from his post.

J.L. Nehru on the right and T.T
J.L. Nehru and T.T Krishnamachary. Image TopScamsIndia

 

  1. The relationship between Nehru and Edwina Mountbatten: The romantic relationship between Nehru and Edwina Mountbatten, the wife of Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last viceroy of British India has been much criticized. Even Pamela Hicks, the daughter of Edwina Mountbatten writes that they both were deeply in love, but she adds that it was not physical.

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Celebrate this Ganesh Chaturthi with Over Loaded Zeal and Vigor at Delhi Haat

Most awaited 10-days long Ganesh Utsav has started today. Enjoy a wide variety of Modak during this Ganesh Chaturthi.

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Lord Ganesha's idol on Ganesh Chaturthi
Lord Ganesha's idol on Ganesh Chaturthi. Wikimedia.
  • Time to welcome Lord Ganesha in our homes has arrived.
  • Celebrate this Ganesh Chaturthi with lots and lots of Modaks.
  • Visit Delhi Haat, INA to enjoy this Ganesh Chaturthi with pomp and gaiety.

New Delhi, August 25, 2017: Celebrate this Ganesh Chaturthi with over loaded zeal and vigor at Delhi Haat, INA, as Delhi Tourism in collaboration with M/S Sarvajanik Utsav Samiti is organizing the year’s most awaited 10-days long Ganesh Utsav here, from August 25 to September 4, 2017.

Ganesh Chaturthi is also known as Ganesha Utsav or Vinayak Chaturthi. Lord Ganesha is considered as the lord of prosperity. He is considered as the one removes all the obstacles and brings in the fortune.

Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the most sacred and auspicious festivals in Indian culture. This fervor festival commences on the birth anniversary of elephant god of India during the Bhadrapada month of Hindu calendar. It is commemorated by installing Lord Ganesha’s idol at homes or public pandals.

Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations
A pandal for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations. Pixabay

With high festive spirits in their heart, people embellish pandals with colorful flowers and dazzling lights. The music system is also installed to play bhajans and aartis. A traditional ambiance is created by devotees in the pandal.

During the 10-days long Ganesha Utsav, morning and evening prayers are offered to the deity. Vedic hymns and Hindu texts are chanted. The Indian sweet dumpling also called modak, is what everybody waits for. It is the main attraction of this festive season. It is considered as the Lord Ganesha’s favorite sweet. After offering the modak to Lord Ganesha, it is distributed among the people as prasadam. At various places, Langars(community meal) is also organized for the devotees. Others sweets and savories such as karanji, Kheer, Puran Polis etc., also adds more sweetness in this festive season.

Lord Ganesha's favourite sweet "MODAK"
Lord Ganesha’s favorite sweet “MODAK”. Wikimedia

Various pandals, also set up tableaux (jhanki) of Lord Ganesha. These tableaux represent some events from the Lord Ganesha’s life. At some places, children and even adults dress up in Lord Ganesha costume to become a part of these tableaux.

At Delhi Haat, INA, a temporary pandal for Lord Ganesha has been setup. Morning and evening prayers are also performed. You can also enjoy the other events in Delhi Haat, INA. Every evening during this festive season, Delhi Haat, INA, will organize cultural shows and performances by the artists of various genres.

“Delhi Haat offers tantalizing glimpses of the vast storehouse of the Indian Culture by holding regional festivals at its open air theatre”, mentioned Delhi Tourism report.

This is a great place to tempt your taste buds with all sorts of dishes. You can relish yourself with these wide variety food stalls in Delhi Haat.

Do visit Delhi Haat, INA to enjoy this Ganesh Chaturthi to the fullest.

How to reach Delhi Haat, INA:
Address: Delhi Haat, West Kidwai Nagar, New Delhi, Delhi 110023                               Nearest Metro station: INA                                                                                       Click on this link to get the exact location on Google maps.

https://www.google.co.in/maps/place/Delhi+Haat/@28.550589,77.1548241,11.43z/data=!4m8!1m2!2m1!1sdelhi+haat,+INA,SOUTH+DELHI!3m4!1s0x390ce263a7a30d5b:0x32405cf05342652b!8m2!3d28.572745!4d77.2090213

prepared by Shivani Chowdhary of NewsGram. Twitter @cshivani31

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Nehru was against the use of INA money for Holiday Trips: Netaji Files

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Jawahar Lal Nehru against use of INA fund for Holiday Package. Image Source: PTI
  • Netaji file is all about 41 files on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose between 1953 and 2000
  • One of the Netaji files says that Jawahar Lall Nehru was at a cross with the government who uses the money of INA to fund the holiday trips of the government officials
  • Nehru’s efforts succeeded when Humayun Kabir was in the educational ministry as he fixed a cap on all the trips of Rs. 3000 for a trip extending to 30 days

Netaji files, a topic had gained much momentum in the past few months. Netaji file is all about 41 files on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose between 1953 and 2000. This file not only deal with Netaji but also with our first PM Jawahar Lal Nehru.

Netaji files. Image Source: www.india.com
Netaji files. Image Source: www.india.com

A recent file under Netaji file showed that Jawahar Lal Nehru was ready to share the funds of INA with Pakistan. But from the various notes found in Netaji files, Nehru was eager to use the money in the fund to promote education.

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One of the Netaji files says that Jawahar Lall Nehru was at cross with the government who uses the money of INA to fund the holiday trips of the government officials. He wanted the account of every penny. This habit of bureaucracy was adopted by him earlier.

Nehru in a file with file number 23 (156)/ 51-PM which is present in Prime Minister’s Secretariat wrote, “I do not understand the way these so-called deputations are organised. Every holiday trip is treated as a deputation on business and the normal daily allowances and other charges are given. I do not think this is at all proper.”

Indian National Army. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Indian National Army. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

The sarcastic notes signed by him are found in Netaji files prove that he opposed the policy of government to use the funds to mask the official trips, which is prevalent now days also. Nehru urged that they should use the money acquired under INA and the Indian Independence League to give scholarships to Indian students.

Jawahar Lal Nehru disappointed. Image Source: www.rediff.com
Jawahar Lal Nehru disappointed. Image Source: www.rediff.com

Nehru was addressing the fund of more than 10 lakhs that various embassies presented in South East countries take advantage of. He was disappointed with the the Ministry of External Affairs and Education for using the fund of INA for sending government officials to different countries to give lectures.

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Nehru in a note dated 27th August 1953 wrote, “I do not myself understand the particular advantage of some scholar from India going to Bangkok every year. There are many other ways in which we could have utilised this money to better advantage, for instance in giving scholarships to students…”

Humayun Kabir. Image Source: www.frontline.in
Humayun Kabir. Image Source: www.frontline.in

Nehru’s efforts succeeded when Humayun Kabir was in the educational ministry. He fixed a cap on all the trips of Rs. 3000 for a trip extending to 30 days. A committee was also made for the pick the Indian Students in Thailand and Singapore for scholarships.

Also Read:

-prepared by Aparna Gupta, an intern with NewsGram. Twitter @writetoaparna99

One response to “Nehru was against the use of INA money for Holiday Trips: Netaji Files”

  1. Declassification of all Netaji files may prove that JAP AND BRIT JOINTLY PLAYED A FOUL GAME WITH NETAJI; In WW-I, Japan was a British ally.
    Before WW-II, Jap-US trade war and political war started; this led to actual US-JAP
    war. So British became an enemy to Japan by diplomatic manipulation as US-British
    alliance was there. After WW-II, Japan revived their old link with British. Jap
    and Brit spies were well linked before WW-II. JAP SPIES AGREED TO ELIMINATE
    NETAJI. Motive was to appease Brit and purchase security for Jap royal family. So,
    JAPAN HANDED OVER NETAJI TO BRITISH AND BRITISH EXECUTED HIM IN SECRETE. False news of air crash was Jap fabrication. In any controversial case, liar is to be suspected. Netaji plan to start second independence war with USSR help was known to Japan. So, Brit and Jap spies developed a common minimum program against pro-communist agenda of Netaji. Why should Jap imperialism agree to patronize emergence of independent India as a permanent communist ally? Is it not more logical to fulfill British condition and purchase favor? Why Jap royal family was not tried as a war criminal? What is the mystery behind this favor? There is another point about gumnami baba. Who was he? He was a dummy created as a part of common minimum program of Jap and Brit imperialism. In axis camp, creation of dummy by plastic surgery was a common practice. Hitler and Mussolini were having number of dummies. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British. British deputed this dummy at faizabad of UP, with a purpose to create confusion regarding Netaji. This confusion prevented nation to be doubtful about role of Jap or Brit. So gumnami baba of faizabad is a common creation of Jap and Brit spies. Never had he told truth. If he had told anything, that must be lie. In a controversial case, liar is to be suspected. So, JAPAN SOLD NETAJI TO BRITISH AND BRITISH EXECUTED HIM IN SECRET. Japan sold Netaji-dummy to British and British deputed him at faizabad of UP. JAPAN SURRENDERED TO US-UK SIDE ON 15-AUG-1945. Netaji’s last flight was on 18-aug-1945. A SURRENDERED JAPAN WAS NO LONGER AN ALLY OF AZAD HIND. They worked as per their new mentors, the British.

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Netaji’s vision of equity and justice badly needed today: Amartya Sen

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Kolkata: Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen on Saturday said Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s vision of equity and justice was badly required in all spheres of life.

Even as he expressed interest in the secret Netaji files that are being declassified by the central government, Sen said it was far more important to debate Netaji’s life and work than his death.

“Netaji’s vision of equity and justice remain exemplary and profound today. Unfortunately, that vision remained unrealized and the governments of independent India did not do enough to pursue that vision. The present government is doing even less,” Sen said here.

The eminent economist along with veteran actress Sharmila Tagore participated in the birth anniversary celebrations of Bose at the Netaji Bhavan here.

“We are in a situation, where Netaji’s vision is very badly needed in every sphere of life. Right now in the country, there is a sense of communalism being created so much so that secularism is being considered a bad word,” Sen said.

“I don’t think the majority, the Hindus have anything against the Muslims, Christians or Jews or Parsees, I think this is a constructed political agenda, and if we have to fight that, we have to follow Netaji’s vision of equity and justice,” added Sen.

On the issue of the declassification of Netaji files, Sen said he was interested to see what was there in the files, but it was far more important to debate his life and work, to follow his vision, rather than to discuss in what circumstances he died. (IANS)(Photo: www.topnews.in)