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Captive Rhinos face metabolic disorders despite nutritious food

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phys.org
phys.org
phys.org

Washington: Captive black rhinos in zoos are facing a bizarre situation. The food served to them is good but the rich diet may put them at high risk for two common health problems: inflammation and insulin resistance.

“We are providing good, nutritious, high quality food. We are just learning that providing high quality food in excess can cause problems,” said Pam Dennis, Clinical Assistant Professor of veterinary preventive medicine at the Ohio State University.

Black Rhinos are browsers that eat leaves, branches and parts of trees in the wild. Their zoo diet mainly consists of grass or hay, milled grains and fruits and vegetables.

“We now recognise that obesity in humans leads to increased inflammation and a whole cascade or problems ranging from heart disease to immune dysfunction. This is entering the vocabulary in zoo medicine, that obesity is much more than just a weight issue,” Dennis said.

Across the globe, there are only about 5,000 black rhinos – a drop from an estimated 100,000 in the 1960s.

The study appeared in General and Comparative Endocrinology.

(IANS)

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Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV): Health, Skin & Hair

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Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar. Wikimedia

Sep 27, 2017: Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is widely used by people in myriad ways and purposes, notably because of the vitamins and mineral content. ACV contains ‘mother of vinegar,’ a complex structure of beneficial acids. Cider Vinegar is unrefined and unpasteurized due to the mother factor and has a variety of benefits that are lost when it is filtered and heated.

From the ancient times, ACV has proven to be the elixir of life, carrying benefits from health to skin and hair. ACV is also used in salad dressings, vinaigrettes, marinades, chutneys, and food preservatives.

How is Apple Cider Vinegar formed?

Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar. Wikimedia

Apple Cider Vinegar has been used as an ingredient in the home remedies from ages. ACV is made by crushing apples and squeezing out the juice. The juice is then fermented by adding bacteria and yeast, which converts the fruit sugar into alcohol. In the second stage of the fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by the acetic acid-forming bacteria.

Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Digestion Support

Apple cider vinegar improves digestion by increasing stomach acid. It also fights constipation since the cider vinegar incites digestive juices that help to break down food in the body. Pectin found in ACV helps to soothe intestinal fits. Mix one or two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and consume before a meal for best results. 

Lowers Cholesterol

A study published in the British Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed that consuming one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in the morning lowers the cholesterol as it increases bile production and supports the liver.

Detox Body

Drinking ACV in warm water in the morning helps to flush out toxins from the body.

Weight Loss

Apple cider vinegar increases metabolism rate and supports weight loss because it contains acetic acid, which is responsible for improving metabolism.

Lowers Blood Pressure

Acetic acid present in ACV helps in reducing high blood pressure and triglyceride.

Urinary Tract Infection

Dr. Earl Mindell, Author of Amazing Apple Cider Vinegar, cited: Daily consumption of apple cider vinegar aids urinary tract in maintaining a slightly acidic environment. The acid represses the growth of UTI-causing bacteria. Mindell warns that one should refrain from consuming ACV after infection, mentioned Livestrong.

Kidney Stones

ACV enables to flush out stones naturally from the Kidney. The highly acidic nature of ACV dissolves the crystals that form into stones in the body. Mix two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and drink it twice a day for better results.

Skin Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Prevents acne problems

Apple cider vinegar prevents acne problems by killing bacteria, removing excess dirt, oil, and makeup from the skin and dissolving dead skin cells.

Skin toner

ACV toner helps normalize your skin’s pH balance and ward off bacteria. It sheds dead skin cells so that the pores do not get clogged and your skin remains salubrious.

Soothes sunburn

ACV relieves stinging sensation caused by sunburns. Dilute ACV with water and dab a wet cloth onto the sunburn. It will give you instant relief. Do not apply ACV directly onto your face, as it might burn your face.

Fights allergy

Diluting Apple Cider in water and rubbing it over the rashes with a cotton ball helps in curing inflammation, reducing itching and healing the sensitivities.

Pedicure

The acetic acid in Apple cider vinegar works as an exfoliating agent. Put half a cup of ACV into 10 to 15 litres of water. Dip your feet and hands in this solution. You will notice dead cells coming off after the scrub.

Aftershave

ACV can also be used as an aftershave. It acts as an antiseptic to clean out any cuts and moisturizes the skin. It also closes the pores and soothes razor burn.

 Healthy skin

Apply mix of ACV and water on your face for best toning effect, bright and spotless, healthy and youthful skin. It minimises pore size, which is a giveaway of skin aging.

Hair Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Prevent split ends & breakage

ACV smoothens hair’s cuticle, which helps block split ends and breakage. Add ACV to your hair regimen by mixing it with filtered tap water. Rub it onto the split end and wash your hair after 30 minutes.

Stimulate hair growth

Massage ACV mixed with water gently over the scalp to stimulate blood circulation that also promotes hair growth.

Prevent hair loss

Hair breaks out easily because of deprivation of oil on the scalp. This happens when hair follicles are clogged, which leads to crusty flakes on the scalp formed by bacteria. Rinsing your scalp with ACV and water mixture can help you prevent causes of hair loss.

Lustrous and voluminous hair

The acetic acid in ACV removes residue from the product buildup and helps in maintaining shiny, lustrous locks.

Detangle hair

ACV is a fabulous natural detangler that is used as an alternative to conditioner. The acid in ACV helps to soften the hair cuticle allowing knots and tangles to slip out through brush.

Reduce frizzy hair

Frizzy hair is caused by lifted cuticles on the hair. Apple cider vinegar smoothes down the cuticles to give you frizz-free hair.

Eliminates Dandruff

ACV removes dandruff by eliminating the flaky skin on the scalp. Mix equal parts apple cider vinegar with water in a spray bottle. Let it sit for 15 minutes and rinse with mild shampoo.

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6 Reasons Why Green Tea Should Be a Part of Your Everyday Life:What Makes It So Healthy?

You must have been advised to quit eating fast food, and soda beverages. Here we provide you with reasons that will convince you to switch from high caffeinated beverages to green tea for a healthier lifestyle!

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Green tea is the second most consumed beverage.
Green tea is believed to have therapeutic intervention to cure a variety of diseases. Pixabay
  • Green tea is a healthier option in comparison to fizzy and caffeinated drinks
  • Green Tea is known to relieve stress and solve several health problems
  • Researchers claim it can help alleviate insulin resistance, cognitive impairment, and fight allergies 

New Delhi, August 30, 2017: Coffee and black tea have long featured as preferred beverage options for a lot of people. However, rising awareness about the need to improve lifestyles has led to increased consumption of healthier alternatives such as green tea. The antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant properties of green tea address several health issues – ranging from bad breath to blood pressure. There are many health & skin benefits of green tea, let’s tal about it.

In fact, given our sedentary lifestyle and increased intake of fast foods, green tea is today more important than ever. A recent study published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that green tea could help alleviate insulin resistance and cognitive impairment induced by high-fat and high-fructose diets. Some studies also suggest that it can help fight off allergies.

Here are some additional benefits of green tea:

  • Curbs cholesterol: A high level of cholesterol in the body can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Green tea contains catechins that are known to reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the body which causes plaque in the arteries, leading to a blockage. This is one of the best benefits of green tea
  • Promotes healthier skin: Green tea is known for its rich content of antioxidants and anti-aging elements. These can help delay signs of skin aging such as fine lines, wrinkles and sun damage. Regular consumption of green tea flushes out unwanted toxins from the body, thereby helping you have healthy skin. one of the skin benefits of green tea.
  • Relieves physical and mental fatigue: According to estimates by the World Health Organisation (WHO), over 450 million people suffer from stress worldwide. Green tea contains polyphenols that help reduce stress, boost energy and improve mental focus. The various antioxidants that are present in green tea also have a calming effect on the mind and body, which helps in creating a positive mood.
  • Builds immunity: Green tea contains compounds such as polyphenol and flavonoids which boost your immune system. These phytoconstituents act as antimicrobial agents, thereby helping the body fight against infection as well. Moreover, the antioxidants in green tea strengthen and protect the immune system against compounds known as free radicals, which are known to harm living cells and tissues.

ALSO READ: Now You can Fight Memory Loss With Green Tea, Says New Research

  • Helps in removal of phlegm: Green tea contains polyphenols which have potent anti-bacterial properties that fight against infections and reduce the formation of phlegm. For best results, prepare some green tea and add a little honey to it before drinking it.
  • Helps detox your body: Detoxing one’s body helps improve metabolism. Green tea refreshes, hydrates and cleanses the body of unhealthy toxins. The catechins in green tea improve the fat metabolism and reduce toxic effects on the liver. It reduces pressure on the liver, which is the body’s major detoxing organ. Moreover, it also detoxifies and purifies the whole body because of its rich antioxidant properties.

So now that you are aware of the all vital benefits of green tea, it is time to switch from high caffeinated beverages to green tea for a healthier lifestyle. (IANS)

A Must Read Article: Skin Benefits Of Coconut Oil

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India’s Assam State Endeavors to Halt Rhino Poaching

Kaziranga National Park is home to the world's largest population of the rare rhinos, with more than 2,000 of the species

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Rhinoceros Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

The newly elected government of the northeast Indian state of Assam has launched plans to crack down on the poaching of the area’s famed one-horned rhinos.

The state’s Kaziranga National Park is home to the world’s largest population of the rare rhinos, with more than 2,000 of the species. While overall poaching deaths have dropped over the last few years, a series of rhino killings this year has led the new government to renew anti-poaching efforts.

The state’s new environment minister, Pramila Rani Brahma, said Saturday that local police have been asked to join the offensive against poaching. Previously, Kaziranga’s forest rangers and anti-poaching staff handled this responsibility on their own.

Brahma said allegations that some park staff may be involved in the trade in rhino parts were also being investigated.

On Tuesday, as Brahma and other officials visited Kaziranga to discuss the threat of poaching, a female rhino was shot dead by poachers in the vicinity.

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In April, poachers killed a rhino at the 480-square-kilometer (185-square-mile) park hours after a visit by Britain’s Prince William and his wife, Kate.

The royal couple had spent several hours at Kaziranga in hopes of drawing attention to the plight of endangered animals, including the park’s one-horned rhinos.

All five of the world’s rhino species are under constant threat from poachers seeking their horns to sell on the black market. Demand is high in countries such as China and Vietnam, where people mistakenly believe consuming rhino horns can increase male potency. It does not.

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This year, eight rhinos in Kaziranga have been killed for their horns, after 17 were poached in 2015.

Despite the threats, Kaziranga is a conservation success story. The reserve had 75 rhinos in 1905. In 1966, the number of rhinos in Kaziranga was put at 366. According to a 2015 estimate, the number has risen to 2,401. (Source: VOA)

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3 responses to “India’s Assam State Endeavors to Halt Rhino Poaching”

  1. Protection of wildlife especially the endangered once must be put on top of everything.People who engage in poaching must be punished severley as only then can we eradicate it.

  2. It sounds very good and I wait for the day when all the state government bring such type of actions for prevent the animal species.

  3. Kaziranga is indeed a conservation success story. the statistics are a proof of that.
    poaching of endangered animals should be stopped immediately. before we know it, our ecosystem will suffer yet again, because of careless and unmonitored actions of the humans.