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Celebrating Tulsidas Jayanti: The Hindu Poet-saint, Reformer and Philosopher

Tulsidas is the composer of Hanuman Chalisa, a devotional hymn dedicated to Lord Hanuman

Tulsidas. Image source:
  • Tulsidas was attached to his wife Buddhimati until the day she told him to develop love for Lord Rama more than he has for her.He then abandoned home and became an ascetic
  • Tulsidas wrote 12 books, the most famous being the Hindi Ramayan called, Ramcharitmanasa”
  • It is believed that Lord Rama revealed Himself before Goswami Tulsidas 

Everyone in India is well versed with Hindu festivals such as Diwali and Holi. However, only a handful of people is aware of the birth anniversary of the great Hindu saint-poet, who was also a philosopher and a reformer.

Observed on August 10, Tulsidas Jayanti celebrates the birth anniversary of an author called Sri Goswami Tulsidas. He gave birth to the most widely read Hindi adaptation to the Ramayan called the Ramcharitmanas.

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Born to Hulsi and Atmaram Shukla Dube in Rajpur, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1532, he was a Sarayuparina Brahmin by birth. Apart from that, he is considered to be an incarnation of Sage Valmiki, the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana. It is believed that, during the time of his birth,Sri Goswami Tulsidas did not cry and was born with all 32 teeth intact. He was known as Tulsiram or Ram Bola in his childhood.

  • About Sri Goswami: Valmiki’s Ramayana’s reach was limited to scholars and other sages. It was Sri Goswami Tulsidas version of Ramayana called Tulsidas’s Ramcharitmanas that paved it’s way into the hearts of a common man and popularized the story of Ram and Sita, therefore evoking a feeling of Ram Bhakti, particularly in North India. The dialect of the book was Awadhi, an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in Uttar Pradesh.

A lesser-known fact, Goswami Tulsidas is also considered to be the composer of Hanuman Chalisa, a devotional hymn dedicated to Lord Hanuman.

Gosvami Tulsidas. Image Source: Wikimedia common
Gosvami Tulsidas. Image Source: Wikimedia commons
  • Date and Day: Tulsidas Jayanti is observed on ‘Saptami’, in other words, the day 7 of the dark fortnight of the moon during the month of ‘Shravana’ which according to the Gregorian calendar falls in the month of August this year.
  • Rituals: There are a few things that one witnesses on this auspicious occasion of Tulsidas Jayanti such as the recital of Ram-Charit Manas that takes place in all the temples along with the worshipping of Lord Rama, his wife Sita and devotee Hanuman with great religious zest. Adding to that, the devotees visit temples of Lord Rama and Hanuman and feed the Brahmins. North of India witnesses a lot of symposiums, seminars, and lectures all based on the teachings of Sri Goswami Tulsidas.

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  • Significance: Tulsidas Jayanti, a day that gives the common mass a reason to express their gratitude towards a great writer; a writer that got the story of Lord Rama, a Supreme Being, into the lives of an ordinary man.Sri Goswami Tulsidas gave a popular form to Brahman’s and his work emphasized on bhakti.
Rama breaking the bow to win Sita as wife. Wikimedia Commons
Rama breaking the bow to win Sita as a wife. Wikimedia Commons

‘The Supreme Self who is the embodiment of joy and ocean of Bliss, from which a small droplet fills the three worlds with happiness, He is ‘Rama’, the very home of bliss and the comforter of all the three worlds.’ -Sri Goswami Tulsidas mentioned in Ramacharitamanas.

Lastly, the teachings that he attempted to impart through his twelve outstanding works will forever be remembered and celebrated every year in the name of ‘Tulsidas Jayanti festival.’

At the age of 91, Tulsi entered the Abode of Immortality and Eternal Bliss and left his mortal body and in 1623 A.D. In the holy city of Varanasi (then Benaras), he was cremated at Asi Ghat near the river Ganga.

– by Karishma Vanjani, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @BladesnBoots


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  • AJ Krish

    The great saint’s devotion and dedication is seen in all his works. He created a new wave of Hinduism with his Ramacharitamanas.

Next Story

Pentavalent vaccine: Doctors raise red flag

In spite of the data presented in this paper from a large cohort, the authors point out that the evidence is merely circumstantial and not conclusive

the new Hepatitis B vaccine for adults is called Heplisav-B.
India's PV to be reexamined because of its harmful effects. .
  • Pentavalent vaccine was introduced in India six years ago
  • It is since then have been a cause of many deaths
  • Doctors want it to be reexamined before continuing its use

Pentavalent vaccine (PV), that was introduced by India a little over six years ago, doubled the deaths of children soon after vaccination compared to the DPT (Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus) vaccine, according to a new study that calls for a “rigorous review of the deaths following vaccination with PV”.

Health officials have launched a campaign targeting nearly 24 million people with a one-fifth dose of the vaccine. Wikimedia Commons
PV has been cause of many deaths in past years. Wikimedia Commons

Government records show that there were 10,612 deaths following vaccination (both PV and DPT) in the last 10 years. There was a huge increase in these numbers in 2017, which the Health Ministry has promised to study. “The present analysis could be a starting point in the quest to reduce the numbers of such deaths,” authors of the new study say.

The study by Dr Jacob Puliyel, Head of Pediatrics at St Stephens Hospital, and Dr V. Sreenivas, Professor of Biostatistics at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), both in New Delhi, is published in the peer-reviewed Medical Journal of Dr D.Y. Patil University.

PV is a combination of the DPT vaccine and two more vaccines against Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) and hepatitis B. Starting December 2011, PV was introduced into India’s immunisation programme to replace DPT vaccine in a staged manner with a view to adding protection against Hib and Hepatitis B without increasing the number of injections given to infants.

Doctors have raised concerns over these vaccines. Wikimedia Commons
Doctors have raised concerns over these vaccines. Wikimedia Commons

But sporadic reports of unexplained deaths following immunisation with PV had been a matter of concern. Puliyel, Sreenivas and their colleagues undertook the study to find out if these deaths were merely coincidental or vaccine-induced.

The authors obtained data of all deaths reported from April 2012 to May 2016 under the Right to Information Act. Data on deaths within 72 hours of administering DPT and PV from different states were used.

For their study, the authors assumed that all deaths within 72 hours of receiving DPT are natural deaths. Using this figure as the baseline, they presumed that any increase in the number of deaths above this baseline among children receiving PV must be caused by this vaccine.

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According to their analysis of the data provided by the government, there were 237 deaths within 72 hours of administering the Pentavalent vaccine — twice the death rate among infants who received DPT vaccine.

Extrapolating the data, the authors have estimated that vaccination of 26 million children each year in India would result in 122 additional deaths within 72 hours, due to the switch from DPT to PV.

“There is likely to be 7,020 to 8,190 deaths from PV each year if data from states with the better reporting, namely Manipur and Chandigarh, are projected nationwide,” their report says.

It is important to make sure that these vaccines are reexamined peroperly. VOA

The authors note that while the study looks at the short-term increase in deaths (within three days of vaccination) it does not calculate the potential benefits of PV on infant mortality, for example by protection against lethal diseases like Haemophilus influenza.

In spite of the data presented in this paper from a large cohort, the authors point out that the evidence is merely circumstantial and not conclusive. “These findings of differential death rates between DPT and PV do call for further rigorous prospective population-based investigations,” the study concludes. IANS