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China mulls allowing second child for all couples

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Beijing: China, the world’s most populous country which once strictly followed the one-child norm, is now considering allowing a second child for all couples. People_in_Chinese_park_1

China could further relax its one-child policy to allow all couples across the country to have a second child, reported Global Times.

China currently has a population of 1.3 billion. India is close behind with a population of 1.2 billion.

In China, 29 provinces and municipalities have relaxed the one-child policy to allow couples to have a second baby if either parent is from a single-child family.

Online polls show that a majority of Chinese support the second-child policy, but analysts say they are concerned that young couples are showing less interest in having more children.

An anonymous researcher, who reportedly participated in a National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) survey, told China Business News that the second-child policy can be applied “as early as the end of 2015 if everything goes well”.

Lu Jiehua, a professor at Peking University, told the Global Times that the NHFPC is likely to implement the revised policy in the near future but said “it’s unlikely that the policy could be fully implemented in 2015 … probably next year, or at the beginning of China’s 13th Five-Year Plan”.

“It’s not simply about implementing a second-child policy,” Lu was quoted as saying. “All relevant policies, regulations, formalities and facilities need to be in place to support (the second-child policy), and it takes time.”

Mu Guangzong, a professor at Peking University’s Institute of Population Research, told the Global Times that “relaxing the current policy meets public expectations”.

“The country needs to maintain a moderate fertility rate for a healthy and sustainable development, as the present fertility rate is low.”

China suffered a third consecutive annual drop in its workforce in 2014, 3.7 million less than the previous year, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics in January.

(IANS)

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Fossils of 400-Year Old Invertebrate Marine Species Found in China

Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences have recently found a fossilised body piece of an extinct class of marine animal known as Cystoidea or cystoids in southwest China's Guizhou Province.

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400 mn year old marine Fossils found in China.
Fossils. Pixabay.

Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences have recently found a fossilised body piece of an extinct class of marine animal known as Cystoidea or cystoids in southwest China’s GuizhouProvince.

The fossil, that dates back some 400 million years, was discovered in Tongzi County while the scientists were studying a geological section in the area, according to the county government, Xinhua news agencyreported.

With an egg-shaped body, cystoids are echinoderms, marine invertebrates that existed during the Pleozoic Era, the Ordovician and Silurian Periods, and became extinct during the Devonian Period.

Guizhou boasts a rich store of prehistoric treasures. Fossils of various extinct invertebrate marine species have been discovered in the area. Tens of thousand of vertebrate fossils have also been found there.

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