Tuesday October 24, 2017

Revealed: Connection between physical appearance and livelihood

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Photo: aurbataokuch.com
Does physical appearance affects one’s livelihood? A new research says ‘Yes’ 
“Your face is your fortune.” “Style over substance.” While every fiber of your being may revolt against these superficial ideas, new research from the University of Exeter echoes a similar theme. Your chances in life are defined by your appearance, according to the researchers, whose evidence indicates shorter men and overweight women earn lower incomes than…

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WHO Releases New Guidelines to Fight Global Childhood Obesity

India ranks second in the number of obese children in the world with China taking the first spot

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OBESITY
Obesity exposes an individual to multiple health problems. VOA

New Delhi, October 12, 2017:  In 2016, an Official data in had revealed that over 41 million children below the age of 5 were affected by obesity. Without due attention and efficient treatment, they are likely to remain obese throughout their lives, with an increased risk of developing a host of diseases and physical and psychological consequences like anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even premature death.

In view of an escalating number of people constantly coming under the ambush of obesity, and with childhood obesity becoming a cause of worry globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) released new guidelines on October 4, emphasizing the growing importance of healthcare experts and professionals, underlining their positive role in helping kids and teenagers fight the global menace.

What is Obesity?

Obesity is defined as ‘excess adipose tissue’. In other words, it is a body-weight disorder involving excessive body fat that exposes an individual to multiple health problems.  In case a person’s body-weight is nearly 20 per cent higher than it should be, he is considered obese.

obesity
Excessive body fat that exposes an individual to multiple health problems. Pixabay

There are different ways to calculate excess adipose tissue, the most common one being the Body Mass Index.

Index :

Overweight – BMI greater than or equal to 25

Obesity – BMI greater than or equal to 30

Global Data

According to data obtained by WHO, one half of all overweight children or obese children lived in Asia, and one-quarter of the total obese children lived in Africa.

According to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine in June, India ranks second in the number of obese children in the world with China taking the first spot.

The global menace continues to rise rapidly in low and middle-income countries.

Also Read: Obesity leads to 13 types of Cancer, including that of Pancreas and Esophagus: Study

WHO Guidelines

The new report released by WHO on October 4 is titled ‘Assessing and Managing Children at Primary Healthcare Facilities to Prevent Overweight and Obesity in the Context of the Double Burden of Malnutrition’.

The report provides guidelines and updates for the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI). The guidelines attempt to confine the spread of childhood obesity from expanding further, and prescribe undertaking proper assessment of dietary habits along with weight and height measurements. It also recommends dieting and proper counseling by healthcare experts.

Recommendations by WHO

  • WHO has recommended that primary healthcare facilities should be made available to all children below the age of 5 years and infants. These should include measurement of both weight and height of the children to determine their weight-for height and nutritional status as previously defined by WHO child growth standards.
  • For children and infants identified as overweight, healthcare experts should provide counseling to parents and caregivers on nutrition and physical activity, which includes creating awareness about healthy practices like exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months and continuing the practice until 2 years or more.
  • WHO also prescribes that an appropriate management plan should be devised to counter the menace in obese children. This can be developed by a trained health worker at primary healthcare facilities, or local hospitals.

Healthy Eating Tips to Fight Obesity

Here are a few healthy eating tips that will not only help you maintain a healthy weight but will also prove be be beneficial for your metabolism, physical strength and general well-being,

  • Refrain from unnecessary indulgences or random snacking and encourage healthy snacking choices like popcorns, yogurt, fruits, etc.
  • Reduce your sugar intake to less than 10 per cent of the total calories for an individual with normal weight.

obesity
Obese and binge eating junk food? Red Flag! Pixabay

  • Consume a gracious serving of seasonal vegetables and fruits everyday that are rich in soluble and insoluble fibres, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.
  • Make healthy food selections- include whole grain products, avoid excessive use of oil and salt and refrain from processed or packaged food.
  • A balanced diet must be complimented with regular exercise to counter unnecessary weight gain

– prepared by Soha Kala of NewsGram. Twitter @SohaKala

 

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Rice Cultivation: Here’s Why it is an Important Means of Livelihood in Northeastern India!

Around 61 per cent of gross cropped region in northeastern India is covered with rice

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Rice cultivation requires extensive labor. Source: Pixabay
  • The agricultural sector is a source of livelihood for many people in India’s northeast
  • Rice is the principal crop grown in this region
  • Rice cultivation requires intensive labor activity and water

Kohima (Nagaland), [India], July 20, 2017: People in northern plains of India earn their livelihood by working in the agricultural sector with over 70 per cent of the population practicing it. The main crop of northeast India is rice as it serves as the principal food crop of this terrain.

This area mostly houses evergreen forests which encourage the cultivation of rice, maize, pulses, and millets through shifting cultivation and terrace cultivation. However, Northeastern states’ main crop which covers approximately 61 per cent of the total cropped area is paddy. Therefore, farmers prefer rice seeds for planting.

With the monsoon season arriving, farmers residing in the Nagaland state have started their sowing activity.

ALSO READ: Black Rice cultivation? How a local farmer makes it a success story in Assam

A paddy field owner named J Asui said, “this is my paddy field and I work in a private institution. Since I cannot work fully in the paddy field, I had to employ laborers as daily wages. It is not that profitable but since I love to do cultivation, I used to do every year.”

According to the ANI report, the activities of plowing and seeding are mostly done in the months of June, July, and August and demand intensive labor. Rice seeds also require huge amounts of water.

Further, a worker Poonam Sore said, “We work as daily wagers at times we get work of paddy and during off season we work for things. This is owned by Naga’s and they pay us daily wages and we do farming for them. We also help them with the cutting of paddy corps.”

Rice covers around 61 per cent of total cropped region in northeastern India. Source: Pixabay

Likewise, paddy sowing has also been commenced in the hilly regions of Manipur.

The agricultural sector plays a role in the economic development and prosperity in the northeast area as rice is one of the most cultivated crops in this terrain of India.

-prepared by Harsimran Kaur of NewsGram. Twitter @Hkaur1025


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Odisha launches special action plan to reduce Migration problem in the state and create Livelihood Opportunities

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Workers in India (representational Image), VOA

Bhubaneswar, April 29, 2017: Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Saturday announced a special action plan to reduce migration problem in the state and create livelihood opportunities.

Initially, the action plan would be implemented in Bolangir and Nuapada districts. It would be scaled up and replicated in other migration-prone areas in a phased manner, he said.

The special action plan has been prepared for intense action in 30 gram panchayats of the two districts to curb migration and facilitate creation of livelihood opportunities for migrant workers within the state.

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“I am sure the plan would help in providing alternate livelihoods to address migration in Bolangir and Nuapada districts by improving the household income of poor families and reduce their vulnerability,” said the Chief Minister.

He said it would eventually serve as a blueprint for scaling up to other migration prone districts of the state.

It is expected that Rs 134 crore would be spent in the areas.

The Odisha government on Saturday also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Tata Trusts to reduce migration in Bolangir and Nuapada districts.

The Odisha government will bring in the expertise of Tata Trusts in developing appropriate information, education and communication (IEC) materials and disseminate it for behavioural change, introduce people friendly and easy to use technologies for registration of migrant workmen and support development of database for welfare of migrant workers.

To strengthen policy initiative, the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRDPR), Hyderabad was requested to conduct a short-term study in the districts of Bolangir, Bargarh, Kalahandi and Nuapada for suggesting alternative avocation/livelihood opportunities for migrant workers.

The NIRDPR report suggested short term, medium term and long-term measures which can be implemented within the existing development initiatives, said a release.

The suggestions of NIRDPR have been incorporated in the agreed activities under the MoU with Tata Trusts to initiate interventions initially in 30 gram panchayats of Bolangir and Nuapada districts, the release added. (IANS)