Friday February 23, 2018

Fragments of a shattered Faith: Bahá’í Community of Iran

The Bahá'í faith is a new religion springing originally from Shi'ite Islam in Iran

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Baha'i Community. Image source: bahaibc.ca
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..I was born a Bahá’í . I was only 14 when the Islamic Revolution took place in 1979. I was very studious and excelled in school. I was admitted to a high school affiliated with the University of Shiraz…After the revolution of 1979, with the increase in waves of violence and discrimination against Bahá’ís..All the property of our family was confiscated, and my brother-in-law was arrested and sentenced to death..
                             -A letter by Fariborz Baghian (Iranian citizen from prison)

The excerpt is one of the unheard voices and there are more unheard stories of Bahá’í Faith prisoners who are still incarcerated in the Iranian prisons for several years now.

History of Bahá’í Faith

In Iran, Bahá’í Faith was founded in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hoseyn and has its roots in Shi’te Islam.  Although it has achieved a unique status of its own because of over 5 million members and supporters worldwide but its practical independence from its parent religion of Islam and for its unique contradictory nature.

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While the president is democratically elected, its supreme leader is a Muslim priest. Islam is the official religion in Iran; while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Christianity officially are the minority religions in the country. This has brough the religion under threat.

…And the men in turbans would love nothing more than to exterminate them holding back only because of the international stink it would raise, instead they persecute them hanging not just the leader , but even in one famous girl a 15 year old girl for a heinous crime of teaching children at a Sunday school moral lessons..
                         – Dennis Maceoin (Gatestone Institute) via youtube

Dennis Maceoin is a renowned novelist at the Gatestone Institute, Belfast.

The Bahá’í faith has no such recognition despite the fact that they are the largest minority religion and perhaps the most hated as well in Iran. Islamic religionists in Iran have long seen the Bahá’í faith as a threat to their religious principles and have branded the Bahá’í’s as dissenters. Bahá’í community people’s unbiased stand on equal women rights, education for all and equal status for all religion has particularly annoyed Muslim religionists.

Bahá’í community people often find themselves barred from numerous opportunities including higher education, jobs or businesses. They are moreover prone to harassment, ill-treatment, and even execution.

Shrine of the Ba'b, Haifa,Israel via Wikipedia.org
Shrine of the Ba’b, Haifa,Israel via Wikipedia.org

Throughout the past decades, the Bahá’ís of Iran have been oppressed, discriminated and tortured. With the triumph of the Islamic revolution in 1979, this persecution has been more organised and systematised. Hundreds of Bahá’ís have been either executed or killed, thousands have been imprisoned, and almost all have been deprived of jobs, pensions, trade and educational opportunities. All Bahá’í administrative structures in Iran have been shut down by the Government authorities and holy places and cemeteries have been destroyed.

In June 1983, the Iranian authorities arrested ten Bahá’í women and girls. The charge against them: teaching children’s classes on the Baha’i Faith – the equivalent of Sunday school in the West. The women were subjected to intense physical and mental abuse in an effort to coerce them to recant their Faith, Yet, like most Bahai’s who were arrested in Iran, they refused to deny their beliefs. As a result, they were executed.                                                                                                                                            – bahai.org (report)
The persecution of Baha’i faith in Iran can be uncovered to many factors.The Bahá’í Faith is often observed as an Islamic blasphemy in Iran. Since the Bahá’í faith was developed somewhere around the 19th century out of Shi’a Islam. Thus, it is often observed as an inaccurate divergence from its true meaning, since other religions predate Islam. Moreover, apostasy is seen as a consequential offence within Islam.

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Iran’s leaders have repeatedly stated that they consider Bahá’í faith to be more of a political group than a religious one. This has thus given them an excuse to deny them their religious freedom for such reasons.

Baha'i faith
Free Prisoners, Bahá’í in Iran (Representational Image). Image source: oreaddaily.blogspot.com

The Bahá’í Faith is today headquartered in Haifa, Israel and has good relations with the Israelis. To simply put this, the Iranians hardliners don’t like the Israelis. The threat to clerical power is another reason for the preservation. Bahá’í has no priests and places the responsibility for spiritual interpretation completely in the hands of its followers.

A mobile billboard marking the seven prisoners. Image source: bahaiteachings.org

International protest against the ill-treatment against the Bahá’í faith has been widespread and well known. Thousands of news articles about the scenario of the Bahá’ís community in Iran have appeared around the globe. Noteworthy international organisations, such as the European Parliament and the united nations, have passed resolutions expressing deep concern about the Bahá’í community.

Most importantly, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) and the General Assembly has put a lot of pressure on the Iranian regime to observe international human rights accords from time to time. Despite these efforts, the situation of Bahai’s remains much the same, perhaps worsened without any guarantee of their fundamental right to religion and their struggle for freedom continues.

– prepared by Yajush Gupta of Newsgram, Twitter: @yajush_gupta

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  • Della L. Marcus

    Two clarifications are needed in connection with the above article:

    1. While the Baha’i Faith did have its origins in the Muslim Shiite country, Iran, and can indeed be said to “have its roots in Shiite Islam,” this description of its origins can be compared to Christianity having its roots in Judaism. The Baha’i Faith should not be mistaken with sects of Islam, some of which have indeed achieved a status of their own, distinct in a way from the mother religion, Islam, because of the number of members and supporters.

    2. It is not correct to state that the Baha’i Faith “has achieved a status of its own,” because it has in fact always had a status of its own as one of the independent religions of the world. The Baha’i Faith describes religion as a Message brought down from God periodically through a Manifestation of God to assist humanity to live good and productive lives by the application of such Divine Guidance.

  • AJ Krish

    There will come a time when the oppressed and the shattered will rise again to glory. The people of the bahai-faith will not remain discriminated against.

  • Della L. Marcus

    Two clarifications are needed in connection with the above article:

    1. While the Baha’i Faith did have its origins in the Muslim Shiite country, Iran, and can indeed be said to “have its roots in Shiite Islam,” this description of its origins can be compared to Christianity having its roots in Judaism. The Baha’i Faith should not be mistaken with sects of Islam, some of which have indeed achieved a status of their own, distinct in a way from the mother religion, Islam, because of the number of members and supporters.

    2. It is not correct to state that the Baha’i Faith “has achieved a status of its own,” because it has in fact always had a status of its own as one of the independent religions of the world. The Baha’i Faith describes religion as a Message brought down from God periodically through a Manifestation of God to assist humanity to live good and productive lives by the application of such Divine Guidance.

  • AJ Krish

    There will come a time when the oppressed and the shattered will rise again to glory. The people of the bahai-faith will not remain discriminated against.

Next Story

Cybercrimes cost businesses $600 billion globally: McAfee report

Cybercrime losses are greater in richer countries; however, the countries with the greatest losses are mid-tier nations that are digitised but not yet fully capable of cybersecurity, the report noted.

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Russia, North Korea and Iran are the most active in hacking financial institutions, while China is the most active in cyber espionage.
Russia, North Korea and Iran are the most active in hacking financial institutions, while China is the most active in cyber espionage. Wikimedia Commons

Cybercrimes have cost businesses close to $600 billion globally — or 0.8% the global GDP — which is up from $445 billion reported three years back, a report said on Thursday.

The report by the global cybersecurity firm McAfee, prepared along with the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), said that over the last three years, cybercriminals have quickly adopted new technologies to ease the process of engaging in cybercrimes.

“Ransomware-as-a-Service Cloud providers efficiently scale attacks to target millions of systems, and attacks are automated to require minimal human involvement,” Steve Grobman, Chief Technology Officer for McAfee, said in a statement.

Also Read: Indian companies more prone to cyber attacks

“Add to these factors cryptocurrencies that ease rapid monetisation, while minimising the risk of arrest, and you must conclude that the $600 billion cybercrime figure reflects the extent to which our technological accomplishments have transformed the criminal economy as dramatically as they have every other portion of our economy,” he added.
The report, titled “Economic Impact of Cybercrime — No Slowing Down”, said that banks remain the favourite target for cybercriminals.

McAfee, Inc. is an American global computer security software company.
McAfee, Inc. is an American global computer security software company. Wikimedia Commons

Russia, North Korea and Iran are the most active in hacking financial institutions, while China is the most active in cyber espionage.

“Our research bore out the fact that Russia is the leader in cybercrime, reflecting the skill of its hacker community and its disdain for Western law enforcement,” said James Lewis, Senior Vice President at CSIS.

“North Korea is second in line, as the nation uses cryptocurrency theft to help fund its regime, and we’re now seeing an expanding number of cybercrime centres, including not only North Korea but also Brazil, India and Vietnam,” Lewis added.

Cybercrime losses are greater in richer countries; however, the countries with the greatest losses are mid-tier nations that are digitised but not yet fully capable of cybersecurity, the report noted. (IANS)