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India and the Nuclear Supplier Group

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New Delhi: In consideration of India becoming a part of nuclear supplier group (NSG) on October 30, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj discussed the matter with visiting NSG chairman Rafael Grossi, who indicated that he would take it up with the groupings 48 members right away.

India has been interested in the NSG ever since the 123 Agreement signed between the United States of America and India, known as the U.S.–India Civil Nuclear Agreement or Indo-US nuclear deal.

NSG is a regulatory body that determines global trade in civil nuclear materials and technologies. It works to ensure the nuclear technology and material don’t get utilised to develop nuclear weapons by nations it is being transferred to.

India in 2008 was exempted from NSG on the bases of NSG in 1992 banning nuclear cooperation with any state that had not accepted IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) comprehensive safeguards. But now India also wants to be a member of NSG.

India is aggressively being supported by the United States, which has more or less assured India’s entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in the coming couple of months, and then follow through to facilitate it in the NSG.

US diplomats told India Strategic that the Obama administration was committed in this perspective.
Diplomatic sources also said that President Barack Obama had invited Prime Minister Narendra Modi for a state visit in March 2016, which had been accepted, and the US support to India due to its clean non-proliferation record, tight export control laws, and growing friendship with the US was a given now.

India however has a waiver, courtesy Washington, for nuclear trade with those willing, but there are many technologies that it still cannot access due to MTCR and two other denial regimes, the Wassenar Arrangement and Australia Group.

Sources say that Indian diplomats are also engaging China towards NSG.

The grouping, set up in 1975 as a reaction to India’s 1974 nuclear test, needs consensus for admitting new members or to take some key decisions.

(With inputs from IANS)

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Why Does 45th Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra Need ‘Z’-Category Security of Armed NSG Commandos?

Jjustice Depak Misra, who had been recommended as a successor by Justice J.S Khehar in July, becomes the 45th Chief Justice of India and was administered the oath of office by President Ram Nath Kovind.

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Chief Justice of India.
The swearing in ceremony of Justice Dipak Misra as the 45th Chief Justice of India. Twitter
  • Justice Dipak Misra was sworn in as the 45th Chief Justice of India
  • His tenure will span for the next 14 months until his retirement in October 2018
  • Justice Misra is the only CJI to have armed protection of black commandos

New Delhi, August 29, 2017: The Chief Justice of India (CJI) J.S Khehar demitted office on August 27. The next in line was Justice Dipak Misra, who was sworn in on August 28 as the 45th Chief Justice of India at a ceremony held at the Darbar Hall of the Rashtrapati Bhawan.

President Ram Nath Kovind administered the oath taking ceremony of Misra, who had been recommended as a successor by Justice J.S Khehar in July this year.

In his career spanning 40 years, Justice Dipak Misra ventured into most realms of the law- civil, criminal, constitutional, revenue services and matters concerning sales tax, proving his grit to take over the new position. But that is not the only intriguing aspect of his career.

Justice Deepak Misra is the first ever Chief Justice of India to have a ‘Z’-category security cover.

The 45th CJI was provided with an upgraded security cover in 2015 after he had received a death-threat letter from terrorist organizations.

Why Would A Supreme Court Judge Need Security Cover?

On July 30, 2015, Justice-Misra headed the three-judge bench in a hearing when Yakub Memon, convicted in the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts, pleaded for a 14 days’ stay on his death penalty just hours before he was to be hanged. The pleas were starkly dismissed in an incomparable 2:30 am hearing and the judgment went on to become a landmark in the Indian legal history.

However, shortly after the hearing, an anonymous letter enclosed in an envelope threatening Misra of dreadful consequences was delivered at his official residence following which he was provided with a ‘Z’ security cover which remains till date.

ALSO READ: Threat letter to judge who rejected Memon’s mercy plea

A protectee under ‘Z’ category gets security cover from armed commandos of the National Security Guards (NSG) along with an escort vehicle and a pilot vehicle, each having three armed personnel, for the protection of his official vehicle.

Today, Justice Misra is the only top judge to ever use a bullet-proof ambassador car supplemented with a police escort.

Chief Justice of India
CJI Dipak Misra, seen here with Vice President Venkaiah Naidu, President Ram Nath Kovind and PM Narendra Modi. Twitter

However, death threats never stalled the 63-year old Justice Dipak Misra from taking monumental judgments and he has been at the forefront of some of the landmark judgments in the recent history. We take a look at the highlights from his career,

1. In May 2017, Justice Misra doctored the long-awaited landmark ruling and confirmed death penalty of the four convicts in the monstrous 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape that shook the entire world.

2. Justice Dipak Misra also headed the bench that mandated to play the National Anthem in cinema houses before the start of every movie for which he received a lot of flak. He also ordered for the viewers to stand up in “committed patriotism and nationalism” every time the National Anthem and/or the National Flag are featured in the theatres.

3. One of the most noteworthy decisions by Justice Misra include directing all State and Union Territories to upload all FIRs registered on their websites within 24 hours of registration at the police station. The move has made the entire process transparent, allowing the accused to download complaints and seek redressal of their grievances.

4. Justice Misra was also one of the seven judges of the special bench set up by the Supreme Court for a contempt of court hearing against Justice C.A Karman who had levied corruption charged on 20 judges of the High Court. The bench defended the constitutionality of the 150-year old law on criminal defamation and sentenced Karnan to six months in jail.

5. In 2015, a Justice Misra-led bench stayed the Maharashtra government’s ban on dance bars that had mushroomed in Mumbai and other parts of the state during the 90s. However, it maintained that the government must take steps to protect and uphold the dignity of women who performed at these bars.

6. Justice Misra is also known for his strict stand against frivolous litigations. He previously rejected one such appeal that had objected to the use of the term ‘Dhobi Ghat’ in a film’s title and had warned the petitioner.

7. He was also part of the bench that rejected the Uttar Pradesh government’s decision to allow for reservations in promotions and asserted that this can only be allowed if there is sufficient supportive data and evidence to justify the decision.

8. Holding chair as the executive chairperson of the National Legal Services Authority, Justice Misra introduced the facility of Legal Assistance Establishment or Nyay Sanyog in states to simplify activities to provide free and faster legal aid to the deprived people.

9. Justice Misra also headed the three-judge bench that instructed the Centre in April 2017 to conduct NEET examination in Urdu from academic year 2018-2019 onwards. NEET examinations are held for students who wish to pursue a graduate medical course or a post-graduate medical course in private or government colleges.

Justice Dipak Misra’s tenure as the 45th Chief Justice of India will span for the next 14 months until he retires in October 2018 and is expected to see judgments in some high-magnitude issues like the validity of the Aadhaar card, the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir and the Ayodhya land dispute.


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NSG to consider India’s entry in June, Modi to visit Washington

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New Delhi: India’s pending application for entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSG) should come up for consideration at its plenary in June 2016.

Indian diplomats have been in discussion with NSG members for some time, and on October 30, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj discussed the matter with visiting NSG chairman Rafael Grossi, who indicated that he would take it up with the grouping of 48 members right away.

India is aggressively being supported by the United States, which has more or less assured India’s entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in the coming couple of months, and then follow through to facilitate it in the NSG. US diplomats told India Strategic that the Obama administration was committed in this perspective.
Diplomatic sources also said that President Barack Obama had invited Prime Minister Narendra Modi for a state visit in March 2016, which had been accepted, and the US support to India due to its clean non-proliferation record, tight export control laws, and growing friendship with the US was a given now.

India’s entry into the MTCR could be considered as a gift from Washington to the Indian prime minister due to the strengthening relations.

Hectic discussions should be on between the two countries to finalise some agreements which should formally be signed during the visit.

India may face some hurdles from China which wants its only military ally, Pakistan, to also gain entry into the NSG and other denial regimes despite its bad track record in both missile and nuclear proliferation. Grossi has observed that it would be difficult to have an India-specific exemption, and how the process evolves, has to be seen.

India, Pakistan and Israel are the three countries with nuclear capability but who have not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). India though has never violated it unlike Pakistan, which has imported nuclear technology from China, missile technology from North Korea, and sold nuclear technology to Iran.

India however has a waiver, courtesy Washington, for nuclear trade with those willing, but there are many technologies that it still cannot access due to MTCR and two other denial regimes, the Wassenar Arrangement and Australia Group.

Sources say that Indian diplomats are also engaging China towards NSG.

The grouping, set up in 1975 as a reaction to India’s 1974 nuclear test, needs consensus for admitting new members or to take some key decisions.

(IANS)

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Consider Pakistan’s proliferation record before any deal: India

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www.gbtimes.com

NewsGram Staff Writer

New Delhi: India, reacting to the news of US exploring a civil nuclear deal with Pakistan, said on Thursday that Islamabad’s track record on proliferation should be taken into account before making any such move.

Answering queries on the issue, external affairs ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup said India has seen such reports and these have not appeared for the first time.

“All I would say is whosoever is examining that particular dossier should be well aware of Pakistan’s track record in the area of proliferation,” Swarup said.

He claimed that India got the civil nuclear deal on the basis of its own impeccable non-proliferation track record.

That is the reason the US gave us the 123 agreement in 2005 and that is why India got an NSG waiver in 2008. Pakistan’s track record is completely different, Swarup said.

There have been concerns in the West about nuclear proliferation activities linked to Pakistani scientist AQ Khan.

Reports said the Barack Obama administration was considering a civilian nuclear deal with Pakistan ahead of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s visit to Washington later this month.

Asked about India proposing a National Security Adviser (NSA)-level meeting between Indian and Pakistan on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly meetings last month and the idea being abandoned due to Islamabad’s insistence on meeting of the two foreign ministers, Swarup said there was an issue of sequencing.

He said India was committed to the understanding reached between India and Pakistan in the Russian city of Ufa in July.

He said the Ufa understanding was very clear that two NSAs have to meet to discuss all issues connected to terrorism and the DGMOs and chiefs of border guarding forces have to meet to sort out issues related to firing on border.

“We have told that we are ready for a NSA-level dialogue. Last time Pakistan walked out of it. But we remain committed to Ufa understanding that if Pakistan is willing to have a dialogue of two NSAs on all issues connected to terrorism, we are all for it,” Swarup said. He said the foreign ministers meeting was not part of the agenda agreed in Ufa.

(With inputs from IANS)