New York, April 27, 2017: The best strategy for the perfect throw – be it a dart, a basketball or even a crumpled piece of paper has been mathematically calculated by a team scientists, including one of Indian origin.
Researchers mainly focused on the physics behind releasing a projectile with the human arm in a series of calculations and concluded that the best strategy for getting a piece of paper into a nearby bin is nothing but a slow underarm throw.
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Faster throws tend to have less accuracy; the researchers from the Yale University in the US have pointed out. The reason behind this is that the ball travels in a nearly straight line, so any errors in the angle at which the object is released tend to be amplified.
According to Madhusudhan Venkadesan, assistant professor at Yale, “What we find is that almost the slowest arc is often the most accurate. We have compared these calculations to published data of people throwing into wastebaskets, we have compared it to a study in dart throwing.”
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According to PTI report, the researchers also mentioned that in sports like basketball or darts, the strategy is dependent on conditions and the trade-off needed between speed and accuracy.
For example, experienced darts players throw overarm at about 5.5 metres per second and optimally release the dart 17 to 37 degrees before the arm becomes vertical. On the cricket pitch, it is more likely that the fielders will strike the wicket with a fast underarm throw.
This study was published in the journal Royal Society Open Science.
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