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India to build strategic petroleum reserves under Rs 1,150 crore plan

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

To secure India’s energy economy against supply and price fluctuations globally, an additional funding of over Rs.1,150 crore is being provided to Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd. (ISPRL).

Through supplementary demands for grant presented to parliament earlier this week, union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley sought an allocation of Rs.1,153 crore for buying crude oil to fill the first strategic crude oil reserve being built at Visakhapatnam by ISPRL.

India plans for a strategic reserve that could hold up to 1.3 million tonnes of crude oil.

Under this plan, the government would set up a Strategic Crude Oil Storage of about 5.33 million tonnes at two other locations in the country — Mangalore (1.5 million tonnes) and Padur (2.5 million tonnes) in the first phase.

The Mangalore and Padur projects, both on the western coast of Karnataka, are nearly complete, awaiting pipeline connections from the nearest ports.

A second phase is also under planning, which seeks to create 12.5 million tonnes storage capacity at Padur, Chandikhol (Odisha), Bikaner (Rajasthan), and Rajkot (Gujarat).

While India currently imports about 80 percent of its oil requirements, the International Energy Agency predicts that by 2020, India could become the world’s largest oil importer.

The current slump in oil prices that have been in steady fall since the later half of last year is considered an opportune time to build up strategic oil reserves.

The India basket of crude oil fell this week to levels around $52 for a barrel of nearly 160 litres.

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Want to Know the Best Face Oil? These Five Will Definitely Help You!

Facial oils have a unique property of regenerating your skin. You can do the same for your face by knowing the best face oil for your skin type.

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Best face oil
Facial Oil

Benefits of Facial Oils for Skin

We always adore the ancient Egyptians for their flawless and vibrant beauty. Did you know that Oil is the real reason behind their beauty? Yes, that’s true! They applied Moringa oil. They considered Moringa oil as the best face oil. The thought of applying oil on your face may irk you to a great extent, but the benefits which oil gives you, cannot be given by cosmetic in this world. From preventing wrinkles to shrinking the enlarged face pores, they offer you a great deal. If you have dry skin, then oil acts as your skin’s antibiotic.

Five best face oils which can give you a flawless skin:

1. Jojoba Oil

Best face oil
Jojoba oil.                                                                                                                                                         Pixabay.

 

The Unique feature of Jojoba oil is its similarity to our skin structure.It gets completely dissolved in the skin; balances out sebum production and prevents acne. It is comprised of important minerals and nutrients and functions as an element of all-day moisture to the skin. It is the best face oil for skin types- sensitive, dry and aged.

 

2. Castor Oil

There can be nothing as good as Castor Oil to deal with skin breakouts. Its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties eliminate the acne-causing bacteria, which helps in the reduction of skin breakouts; thus, making it a great deal for skin types prone to breakouts. It consists of Vitamin E, proteins, minerals and unsaturated fatty acids. It can heal the scars of skin. It is the best face oil for skin types which struggle with acne and sunburns.

 

3. Tamanu Oil

Tamanu oil is being used in medicines since ages. It has the capability of healing wounds and regenerating skin cells by fighting bacteria. The oil contains a lipid, calophyllolide, which is highly anti-inflammatory. It is beneficial for broken skin and the skin damaged from acne.

 

Also ReadDo You Wish to Stay Healthy but are Scared of the word ‘Diet’? If so, then these Ayurvedic Diet Tips are for you! 

4. Hemp seed oil

Best face oil
Hemp seeds.                                                                                                                                                     Pixabay.

Hemp Seed Oil reduces facial pores and eliminates. Its anti-inflammatory properties induce elasticity in the skin. It comprises of 80% fatty acids and has the ideal ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 EFA (Essential Fatty Acids). Hemp seed oil is the best face oil.

 

5. Rosehip oil

Best face oil
Rosehip.                                                                                                                                                      Pixabay.

Rosehip oil the best face oil for skin types- dry and oily. It penetrates to the deepest layers of the skin and regenerates cells. It is highly rich in vitamin C, Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids, which help in curing scars. It also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and brightens the skin.

by Megha Acharya of NewsGram.   Megha can be reached at Twitter @ImMeghaacharya.

 

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Drought and Economic collapse might lead to Famine: Fleeing is the Only Option for People in South Sudan

The civil war that erupted two years ago has reduced the production of oil by about a third in the country

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Already starving Image Source:Henry Wilkins/Al Jazeera
  • A region of South Sudan has recently entered “phase 4”, an “emergency” on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) scale
  • The UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) in South Sudan currently has a shortfall of $106m in its food distribution budget
  • 38,000 have left the region surrounding Kanjak to Sudan where prospects for families to feed themselves are said to be better

Kanjak, South Sudan- With thousands of people killed and almost two million displaced in a civil conflict that erupted in late 2013, South Sudan has disintegrated into chaos. Apart from violence that continues to strike this country, to make things worse, recent analysis of the situation says that the parts of the country are just weeks away from a famine.

Northern Bahr el Ghazal, a region of South Sudan close to the border with its neighbor Sudan is usually self-sufficient in food, but because of drought in parts of the country, and an economic collapse , it is unable to provide for itself this year, 2016.

According to the Aljazeera report, South Sudan has recently entered “phase 4”, an “emergency” on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) scale. What it means is that even with any humanitarian assistance at least one in five households in the area have large food consumption gaps resulting in very high acute malnutrition and excess mortality or extreme loss of livelihood assets that will lead to food consumption gaps in the short term.

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Image Source :Henry Wilkins/Al Jazeera

South Sudan depends largely on imports. The sharp increases in the prices of staple foods were due to the depreciation of the South Sudanese pound. The families are reliant on buying food from the market where prices have risen sharply, while their livelihoods have rapidly declined.

The economy of South Sudan is largely dependent on oil exports as it has sub-Saharan Africa’s third-biggest reserves. The civil war that erupted two years ago has reduced the production of oil by about a third in the country. It has also been  badly affected by plummeting oil prices internationally.

The UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) in South Sudan currently has a shortfall of $106m in its food distribution budget. With no help underway, fleeing seems to be the only option.

38,000 have left the region surrounding Kanjak – known as Aweil East to Sudan, where prospects for families to feed themselves are said to be better. According to the WFP, since February about 7.6 percent of the population has left.

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In the past the UN has provided residents with sheets of corrugated steel, used as an alternative to the traditional thatched roofing.

Now, many of the houses lie empty with gaping holes where the roof once was.

“When people decide to leave the village, they roll up the sheets and sell them for a few pounds. Some houses even have mounds of sand piled outside, the graves of their former inhabitants. Malnutrition is the primary cause of death,” explains Chout to Al Jazeera.

-prepared by Ajay Krishna, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @ajkrish14

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This fibre material can sense odourless fuel leaks

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Image source: wikimedia.org

New York: A new type of fibre material developed by engineers for a handheld scanner can detect small traces of alkane fuel vapour, a valuable advancement. This could be an early-warning signal for leaks in an oil pipeline, an airliner, or for locating a terrorist’s explosive.

Alkane fuel is a key ingredient in combustible material such as gasoline, airplane fuel, oil — even a homemade bomb.

Currently, there are no small, portable chemical sensors to detect alkane fuel vapour because it is not chemically reactive. The conventional way to detect the odourless and colourless vapor is with a large oven-sized instrument in a lab.

“It’s not mobile and very heavy,” said one of the researchers Ling Zang, a professor at the University of Utah in the US.

“There’s no way it can be used in the field. Imagine trying to detect the leak from a gas valve or on the pipelines. You ought to have something portable,” Zang noted.

So Zang’s team developed a type of fibre composite that involves two nanofibres transferring electrons from one to the other.

“These are two materials that interact well together by having electrons transferring from one to another,” Ben Bunes, post-doctoral fellow at University of Utah, said.

“When an alkane is present, it sticks in between the two materials, blocking the electron transfer between the two nanofibers,” Bunes explained.

That kind of interaction would then signal the detector that the alkane vapor is present, the researchers said.

The discovery was published online in the journal ACS Sensors.

Vaporsens, a University of Utah spin-off company, has designed a prototype of the handheld detector with an array of 16 sensor materials that will be able to identify a broad range of chemicals including explosives.

This new composite material will be incorporated into the sensor array to include the detection of alkanes.

Vaporsens plans to introduce the device on the market in about a year and a half, Zang, who is also the company’s chief science officer, said. (IANS)