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Indian Navy Day: Strategic, technological prowess key for Navy

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The need of a professional defence mechanism has been, and will remain, of prime importance in managing organised and unorganised violence, which is further indistinguishably associated with the decisive question of life and death. The shared uniqueness of the different defence forces of India moulds its fellows into the comradeship of arms with united morals, principles and codes of conduct.

A soldier of the Indian Armed Forces, including a sailor or an airman, wears the uniform on oath to execute all allotted tasks willingly even if it puts his/her life on the line. This feeling and compassion for the country don’t come merely because they are paid for it but has a rather deeper honour and pride they feel by serving their motherland.

Today as the Indian Navy celebrates ‘Navy Day‘ on December 4, we need to make ourselves cognizant of the boundless improvement of technology and strategies by the defence force.

The Indian maritime diplomacy is often linked with its naval outreach in the Indian Ocean or its stretched capabilities in the East Asia. With its increasing number of visits to the South East Asia in recent times, New Delhi’s apparent Pacific goal, a notion has been formed that East Asia has become Indian Navy’s diplomatic venture.

Indian nautical diplomacy in the Indian Ocean has looked to be fairly modest. However, despite that it has a substantial influence in the security and counter-piracy operations of the sea-lanes.

Several advancements have taken place in the past few months with regards to maritime diplomacy from India’s side. Since early this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Sri Lanka, Seychelles and Mauritius, constructing a clear image of Indian Ocean littorals being of prime priority to the country.

India has enthusiastically cultivated associations with its maritime neighbours. It has, over the time, enhanced the quality of its diplomatic connections, as well as pursued to conduct joint developmental projects and tone up a marine protection trilateral with Sri Lanka and Maldives through an annexation of Seychelles.

One of the most noteworthy aspects of India’s Indian Ocean diplomacy took place in October when they outreached to the Arab Gulf states, where the Indian Navy started programmes for unremitting measurement building security partnership. 4 Indian Naval ships – Trishul, Tabar, Deepak and Delhi – proceeded on one-month deployment in the Arabian Gulf.

On the other hand, Indian Navy is constantly working on developing its indigenous technology. Indian Navy is ranked in the top 5th largest navy in the world. Since, 2015, the national navy has the assets of 58,350 personnel and one of the largest functioning fleets comprising two aircraft carriers, one amphibious transport dock, 9 Landing ship tanks, 10 destroyers, 15 frigates, one nuclear-powered attack submarine, 14 conventionally powered attack submarines, 25 corvettes, 7 mine countermeasure vessels, 47 patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and numerous additional ancillary watercraft.

It also has 42 warships and six submarines under manufacturing in local shipyards on an approximate expenditure of over Rs 3 lakh crore, aimed at building a powerful three-dimensional Navy to safeguard its massive maritime concerns covering from the Persian Gulf to Malacca Strait to counter the increasing Chinese naval occurrence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

Admiral Robin Dhowan in an interview said, “a long-term naval technology roadmap” was now on the right trajectory since a wide range of discussions have taken place with the Defence Research and Development Organization and additional investors.

With Indian Navy only progressing on its path, be it strategic security or technology growth, one thing is sure it is only adding on to its significance and respect across the globe.

With all said, one of the most interesting facts about the Indian Navy Day is that it is not celebrated to commemorate the day Indian Navy was founded rather it is celebrated to signify the day Indian Navy had successfully executed Operation Trident, an attack on Pakistani Naval Headquarters in Karachi.

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20 Amazing Facts About Indian Navy That Everyone Should Know

Indian Navy is also known by the name of Bharatiya Nau Sena. The naval persons are no less than the superheroes.

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The roots of Indian Navy can be traced back to the 17th-century. Wikimedia Commons
The roots of Indian Navy can be traced back to the 17th-century. Wikimedia Commons

NEW DELHI: India is the seventh-largest country in the world and owns the coastline of 7,516.6 km. Here comes the role of the Indian navy, which is responsible for safeguarding and securing such an enormous coastal area. Navy always holds a very strategic role in a country like India.

Indian navy is a prodigious name in itself and budding force to reckon with. Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India and works along with the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army. It is the fifth largest Navy and is considered as one of the strongest navies around the world. The headquarters of Navy is located in New Delhi.

Indian Navy is also known by the name of Bharatiya Nau Sena. The naval persons are no less than the superheroes. Their constant will to serve the nation and sheer dedication are commendable.

The current flag of Indian Navy incorporates St. George’s Cross design, a part of the Union Jack. Wikimedia Commons
The current flag of Indian Navy incorporates St. George’s Cross design, a part of the Union Jack. Wikimedia CommonsThe current flag of Indian Navy incorporates St. George’s Cross design, a part of the Union Jack. Wikimedia Commons

Indian Navy Day is celebrated on 4 December and the motto of the naval force is ‘Sham No Varunaḥ’, which means “may the Lord of the water be auspicious unto us”. The current flag of Indian Navy incorporates St. George’s Cross design, a part of the Union Jack.

The roots of Indian Navy can be traced back to the 17th-century. Initially, British East India Company established the naval fleet in India, under the name of East India Company’s Marine in 1612. Later on, it was renamed as Royal Indian Navy but soon after the independence, Royal Indian Navy became Indian Navy.

Here are 20 interesting facts about our naval superheroes of the seas that defend our coastal areas.

  1. Indian Navy is headed by the Chief of Naval Staff. Other high ranks in Navy include Vice Chief of Naval Staff, Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, Chief of Personnel etc.
  2. India’s first aircraft carrier was INS Vikrant. INS Viraat of the Indian navy is the largest aircraft carrier in India.
  3. Ezhimala Naval Academy in Kerala is the largest naval academy in the whole of Asia.

    MARCOS is the special operation unit of the Indian Navy. Wikimedia Commons
    MARCOS is the special operation unit of the Indian Navy. Wikimedia Commons
  4. Indian navy holds the distinction of one of the only two naval aerobatic teams in the world. The name of the aerobatic demonstration team is Sagar Pawan which uses 4 HJT-16 Kiran Mk.2 trainer aircrafts. The colour scheme used by the naval aircrafts is dark blue on white. The other aerobatic demonstration team is Blue Angels of the US Navy.
  5. After the terrorist attack of 26/11, Indian Navy came up with patrolling units known as Sagar Prahari Bal (SPB) to keep a check on India’s coastal waters.
  6. The crucial naval bases of Indian Navy are located in Mumbai, Kochi, Visakhapatnam, Goa, Chennai, Pune, Coimbatore, Chilka and Port Blair.
  7. The Navy works under three commands: Western Command in Mumbai, Eastern Command in Vishakhapatnam and Southern Command in Cochin. All these commands are headed by a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief.
  8. MARCOS or Marine Commandos are the special operations unit of Indian navy like the Para unit of Army. It is one of the most distinguished and efficient special forces in the world. The force is acknowledged ‘Dadiwala fauj‘ by the various terrorist groups, due to as known by their bearded disguises in civil areas. The dropout rate is about 90 percent, which makes it really difficult to make the cut.

    Ezhimala Naval Academy in Kerala is the largest naval academy in the whole of Asia. Wikimedia Commons
    Ezhimala Naval Academy in Kerala is the largest naval academy in the whole of Asia. Wikimedia Commons
  9. The 1971 Indo-Pakistani war is considered as the largest naval conflicts since the Second World War. During the combat, Navy successfully targeted many enemy ships and destroy the oil tank farms by using anti-ship cruise missiles.
  10. During the Britsh rule in 1946, 20,000 Indian sailors rebelled against the British policies of discrimination and trial of ex-INA soldiers. But unfortunately, the mutiny was suppressed due to inadequate support from the INC and Muslim League.
  11. The naval variant of BrahMos missile is the fastest cruise missile in the world. The missile can zoom at a speed of Mach 2.8 – 3.0. This capability makes India the only country with supersonic cruise missiles in all of their defense forces.
  12. Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale is considered as the Father of Indian Navy. Chhatrapati built a strong naval presence across the coast of Konkan and Goa to protect sea trade.
  13. Indian Navy has a dedicated multi-brand communication satellite called GSAT – 7. It was launched by ISRO to help Indian Navy in acquiring the blue water capabilities in a much better way.

    Indian Navy has a dedicated multi-brand communication satellite called GSAT – 7. Wikimedia Commons
    Indian Navy has a dedicated multi-brand communication satellite called GSAT – 7. Wikimedia Commons
  14. The Naval soldiers of the Indian Navy have successfully completed an expedition to the North Pole and the South Pole.
  15. Indian Navy was the first navy in the world to send a submariner to an expedition to Mt. Everest. The expedition was led by Lt. Cdr. M.S. Kohli in 1965.
  16. The first independent operation of the Indian Navy’s was against Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961.
  17. The first Chief of Staff of the Indian Navy was Vice Admiral Ram Dass Katari who assumed the office on April 22, 1958.
  18. Indian Navy played a decisive role in the success of Kargil War. However, this information was kept under wraps for a long time. Personals from the MARCOS unit fought alongside Indian army in the Himalayas under the naval operation, Talwar.
  19. INS Arihant is the first ballistic missile submarine to have been built by a country other than the five permanent members of the UNSC. It is a 6,000-tonne vessel and India’s only nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine.
  20. All the ships of Indian Navy are prefixed with INS which means Indian Naval Ship or Indian Navy Station.
There are 11 destroyers deployed by the Indian Navy. Wikimedia Commons
There are 11 destroyers deployed by the Indian Navy. Wikimedia Commons

Indian Navy keeps itself abreast of any adversity by striking a balance between its warships, aircrafts and patrol vessels. The current operational fleet of the Indian navy consists of 1 aircraft carrier, 11 destroyers, 14 frigates, 24 corvettes and 16 submarines. Aiming high on ‘Make in India’ program, most Navy ships and submarines are now manufactured indigenously.