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Indo-Bangla Land Boundary Agreement: Residents to choose citizenship by July 16



By NewsGram Staff Writer

For 51,000 people residing in the 162 enclaves that were swapped between India and Bangladesh last month with the inking of the Land Boundary Agreement, July 16, or Thursday is the last day for them to state which of the two countries they would like to adopt.

The process for the residents of the enclaves to officially tell the authorities whether they want to be Indians or Bangladeshi citizens began on July 6, and they were given till July 16 to state their option, said sources.

There are 14,000 people living in 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in Indian territory, with a total area of 7,110 acres, while there are 37,000 people living in 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh, with a total area 17,160 acres.

The enclaves were swapped between India and Bangladesh after the inking and exchange of documents of the Land Boundary Agreement on June 6 in Dhaka, in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina.

Joint India-Bangladesh survey teams fanned out across the enclaves to tell the residents to make their choice of citizenship and also about the rehabilitation that will be provided by the governments.

The Indian and Bangladeshi officials are also trying to determine the official land records of the residents, and where there is none to inquire and determine the land they possess.

The entire process of moving the residents, of those who choose to move to either country, will be completed by November 30 this year.

The movement and the rehabilitation process will begin after the monsoon season is over, and be completed by the November 30 deadline, said sources.

A joint India-Bangladesh working group overseeing the process of movement has met once and the officials are also visiting the enclaves.

The officials are informing the residents of what their options are and also trying to get a hang of the exact number of people who would be moving to either country.

The final census of the number of people choosing to move would be known after the monsoon.

Officials of both countries are also trying to work out details of the rehabilitation package, including the land pieces they would be given in exchange for what they left behind or monetary relief.

The residents would initially be kept in relief tents before being rehabilitated.

On June 6, India and Bangladesh exchanged the documents of ratification of the Land Boundary Agreement for implementation of the transfer of the enclaves.

The LBA was inked in 1974 by then Bangladesh prime minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi.

(With inputs from IANS)

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Pentavalent vaccine: Doctors raise red flag

In spite of the data presented in this paper from a large cohort, the authors point out that the evidence is merely circumstantial and not conclusive

the new Hepatitis B vaccine for adults is called Heplisav-B.
India's PV to be reexamined because of its harmful effects. .
  • Pentavalent vaccine was introduced in India six years ago
  • It is since then have been a cause of many deaths
  • Doctors want it to be reexamined before continuing its use

Pentavalent vaccine (PV), that was introduced by India a little over six years ago, doubled the deaths of children soon after vaccination compared to the DPT (Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus) vaccine, according to a new study that calls for a “rigorous review of the deaths following vaccination with PV”.

Health officials have launched a campaign targeting nearly 24 million people with a one-fifth dose of the vaccine. Wikimedia Commons
PV has been cause of many deaths in past years. Wikimedia Commons

Government records show that there were 10,612 deaths following vaccination (both PV and DPT) in the last 10 years. There was a huge increase in these numbers in 2017, which the Health Ministry has promised to study. “The present analysis could be a starting point in the quest to reduce the numbers of such deaths,” authors of the new study say.

The study by Dr Jacob Puliyel, Head of Pediatrics at St Stephens Hospital, and Dr V. Sreenivas, Professor of Biostatistics at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), both in New Delhi, is published in the peer-reviewed Medical Journal of Dr D.Y. Patil University.

PV is a combination of the DPT vaccine and two more vaccines against Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) and hepatitis B. Starting December 2011, PV was introduced into India’s immunisation programme to replace DPT vaccine in a staged manner with a view to adding protection against Hib and Hepatitis B without increasing the number of injections given to infants.

Doctors have raised concerns over these vaccines. Wikimedia Commons
Doctors have raised concerns over these vaccines. Wikimedia Commons

But sporadic reports of unexplained deaths following immunisation with PV had been a matter of concern. Puliyel, Sreenivas and their colleagues undertook the study to find out if these deaths were merely coincidental or vaccine-induced.

The authors obtained data of all deaths reported from April 2012 to May 2016 under the Right to Information Act. Data on deaths within 72 hours of administering DPT and PV from different states were used.

For their study, the authors assumed that all deaths within 72 hours of receiving DPT are natural deaths. Using this figure as the baseline, they presumed that any increase in the number of deaths above this baseline among children receiving PV must be caused by this vaccine.

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According to their analysis of the data provided by the government, there were 237 deaths within 72 hours of administering the Pentavalent vaccine — twice the death rate among infants who received DPT vaccine.

Extrapolating the data, the authors have estimated that vaccination of 26 million children each year in India would result in 122 additional deaths within 72 hours, due to the switch from DPT to PV.

“There is likely to be 7,020 to 8,190 deaths from PV each year if data from states with the better reporting, namely Manipur and Chandigarh, are projected nationwide,” their report says.

It is important to make sure that these vaccines are reexamined peroperly. VOA

The authors note that while the study looks at the short-term increase in deaths (within three days of vaccination) it does not calculate the potential benefits of PV on infant mortality, for example by protection against lethal diseases like Haemophilus influenza.

In spite of the data presented in this paper from a large cohort, the authors point out that the evidence is merely circumstantial and not conclusive. “These findings of differential death rates between DPT and PV do call for further rigorous prospective population-based investigations,” the study concludes. IANS