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Know more about Maharana Pratap Jayanti celebrated on June 7

On this day, let us remember the legend that was Maharana Pratap Singh

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Aerial view of Kumbhalgarh. Image source: Wikimedia Commons
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  • Pratap Singh ascended the throne in 1572. During this time, Akbar acted as the Mughal Ruler in Delhi.
  • In the Battle of Haldighati that took place in 1576, 20,000 Rajputs fought against a Mughal army of 80,000 headed by Raja Man Singh.
  • In the last ten years of his life, Rana fought many wars, retaking control of Mewar.

Born to Maharana Udai Singh II and Rani Jeevant Kanwar on 9 May 1540, Maharana Pratap was the eldest of twenty five sons. Heir to his father’s kingdom, he was destined to rule over Mewar as the 54th ruler in the line of Sisodiya Rajputs.

However, before his death in 1572, Maharana Udai Singh had named his son, Jagammal heir to the throne. Unsatisfied with this wish, the nobles of the deceased Maharana had named his elder son the heir once again.

Pratap Singh ascended the throne in 1572. During this time, Akbar acted as the Mughal Ruler in Delhi. In order to realise his dream of becoming the Jahanpanah of Hindustan, Akbar had taken various measures to seize control of the Rajput kingdoms.

He had sent six emissaries to Mewar to get Pratap Singh to sign a treaty. To his disappointment, Rana refused each time. He was not ready to let a foreigner seize control of his motherland.

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Rana’s constant refusal to sign the treaty angered the Mughal emperor. He declared war on Mewar. He alienated Mewar from all their traditional allies and encouraged the people of Chittor (the capital of Mewar) to rise against their king. Moreover, Rana’s brothers, Shakti Singh and Jagammal Singh had sided with Akbar.

In preparation for the inevitable war, Maharana brought about changes in his administration. He directed his army to head towards the Aravali ranges and leave no resources behind for the Mughal army.

In the Battle of Haldighati that took place in 1576, 20,000 Rajputs fought against a Mughal army of 80,000 headed by Raja Man Singh. To the astonishment of everyone, the result of the battle was indecisive. Even though Rana Pratap was surrounded by the Mughal soldiers, his army was undefeated. Also, in this infamous war, Rana’s beloved horse, Chetak had died protecting his owner.

After the war ended, the Mughal emperor made several attempts to take over Mewar. The attempts proved to be fruitless. However, the relentless attacks by the Mughals left the Rajput army weak. Rana, along with his family, was on the run. They travelled from jungle to jungle, in the mountains and valleys. Food was scarce and they often slept empty stomached.

A painting of Maharana Pratap Singh. Wikimedia Commons.
A painting of Maharana Pratap Singh. Wikimedia Commons.

There also came a time when the Rajput king had almost made truce with Akbar. When his children’s meal of bread made from grass was stolen by a dog, Rana was deeply hurt. He was filled with self doubt and grief. During this time, he had demanded a “mitigation of his hardship” from the Mughal emperor.

In response to this, Pruthviraj, a poet from Akbar’s court wrote to Rana. He boosted his morale and told him not to give up his fight. This filled the Rajput king with inspiration and motivation that was needed to continue with his fight.

During this time, Bhama Shah, a minister of Rana, could not see his king suffer any longer. He gave away all his wealth to his king, so that the army could be sustained. It was because of his contribution that an army of 25,000 sustained for over 12 years.

In the last ten years of his life, Rana fought many wars, retaking control of Mewar. However, he never gained control of Chittor again. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Amar Singh I. He instructed his son to never give up his fight to free their motherland from the clutches of foreigners.

Maharana Pratap Singh is still remembered for his bravery and courage. His valiant nature has been a source of inspiration for many. May his memory never die!

-By Devika Todi, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: devika_todi

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  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Maharana Pratap was a great leader we could ever have. He fought any situations with pride and courage

  • devika todi

    Maharana Pratap Singh was a man of great courage and honor. his love for his motherland is an inspiration for all generations.

Next Story

Padmavati and The Modern Time’s Playboys

The movie 'Padmaavat' was finally launched on 25th of January after quite an uproar by the Rajput community

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The movie ‘Padmavat’ has been in news and creating a wave of the storm since the time of its inception. Wikimedia Commons
The movie ‘Padmavat’ has been in news and creating a wave of the storm since the time of its inception. Wikimedia Commons

By Salil Geawli

Every community has its own viewpoint on a social issue. That usually varies with the time. What was considered too outrageous some thirty years ago is pretty normal now. Why? Then it calls for a serious introspection vis-a-vis the social changes, and our acceptance of lot many things. Well, we love to consume now anything which is seemingly mouth-watering, even though they may cause social indigestion and spiritual anaemia.

No wonder the almost entire educated world condemned the ‘Karni Sena’ or Rajput community because they vehemently resisted a Bollywood film on Padmaavat. These puritan Rajput folks felt sorely upset because they consider their beloved queen Padmavati in the cinematic screen very sacrilegious. For ages, the queen of Mewar has been held in high esteem, more precisely, as the “paramount pride” of the Rajput, apart from others in the country. What rubbed salt in their wound was when the Supreme Court finally upheld the ‘freedom of expression’ and issued a decree that all states’ governments should ensure the screening of the Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s  film in their respective cinema halls. It seems the judicatory has almost lost its human perspective by paving way for the evil to raise its ugly head.  As expected, this triggered a series of backlashes. The Rajputs lost their sanity. They went on a rampage. They vandalized the public properties, burn a vehicle, pelted stones at a school bus, which was very uncalled for and inhumane too. Yes, historical records also caution us – ‘the fury of inferno and fury of crowds could always be disastrous’ — which our honourable judges fail to analyse and take the decision sensibly. Who will disagree, when the cherished “pride” is hurt the crowds go crazy!

Also Read: Everything You Needs To Know About The Ban On ‘Padmaavat’ Movie and It’s Review

Presently, the ‘Karni Sena’ is headed by Lokendra Singh. Wikimedia Commons
Presently, the ‘Karni Sena’ is headed by Lokendra Singh. Wikimedia Commons

Phew, freedoms of expression and flagrant entertainment at the cost of the social chaos? Is a “fleeting sense pleasure” of Bollywood films more important than the social harmony and peace? This is the height of foolishness. How did our judges earn the academic degrees that they miss to understand the language of humanity? Needless to say, our advanced folks are often heedless to the hostile consequences that could arise due to the clashes of opinions and belief systems and basic human values and ethics. Should the educated and leaders in power not strive to create the atmosphere to strengthen the bond of relationship with those we have been living with for centuries?

I am afraid, these days most the educated believe that it’s no big deal even if the sharp edge of “mutual antagonism” punctures the social fabric. If any controversial issue, we make it legally justified overnight. Our motive is so narrow, our desire so self-centred. We brutally claim that no one has right to disturb our enjoyment of fun and frolic, be it at the cost the values and belief system of our fellow brothers.   This is how we refuge to forgo any short-lived entertainment. In order to meet this ‘demand and supply’, we have a swarm of our skillfully crafty people who churn out a whole lot of titillating cinemas, even by inviting the voluptuous stars from Canada and USA and serve them to us hot. The endless smutty acts of Sunny Leone have long brought millions into the gutter of pornography. Its adverse effect will be more visible after five to ten years from now. But against such depravity we are silent. If ever any protest from any front we will cry to the hilt in their defence. Who else can defeat us? Our defensive vocabulary has been well enriched by the ‘freedom of expression’. We have at our disposal the invincible media and techno academia to bang the table!

Also Read: ‘Padmaavat’ producers move SC against ban by some states

Look at how we came out victorious. The film ‘Padmaavat’ got released. And, we all have enjoyed the despotic invader being glamorized here, and many of us have now been applauding this “brutal playboy” through our write-ups. This is how we justify anything outrageous and feel like we are the modern times Khilji!

In the star cast of the movie Padmaavat, Deepika Padukone is playing the role of Rani Padmaavat. Wikimedia Commons
In the star cast of the movie Padmaavat, Deepika Padukone is playing the role of Rani Padmaavat. Wikimedia Commons

Now let’s get down to the reality of the matter. At least with a little humane sensibility! Do any of our elites like to be “reminded” about anything ugly concerning their parents/ancestors or ones they hold in high esteem? Does it not upset any children if they would be “reminded” that their father was once very boisterous drunkard and gambler, and the mother was slyly chased after by a number of next door neighbours? Do these children then appreciate if any opportunistic person makes a film on that? I don’t think the children will ever tolerate which “remind” them of “past sleaze”.

Then how could we expect the Rajputs or others to tolerate to be “reminded”, most particularly, through the big-screen, that their “mother of pride” Padmavati was once “madly lusted after” by a lecherous Khilji? How could they endure to be haunted again that their “paragon of virtue and pride” was once about to be amorously desecrated by the over sensual invader from far off land? Could we forget the film PK where Lord Shiva was apparently insulted? Can a self-righteous director Rajkumar Hirani think of making a film denigrating his father and mother in the same manner?

Also Read: “Some people’s agenda is to break Indian parliament by 2025 through bombs and ammunition”: Vivek Agnihotri

Yes, one’s prudence says, that our mind has been heavily “invaded” now by a whole lot of brutally lustful khiljis. And as a result of which we have only been becoming less accommodating, and more hurtful to others and human values. Even the Judiciary courts come forward to support all such wanton Khiljis. (Mahesh Bhatt, R. Hirani, Pooja Bhatt, Sunny Leone…).

Anyway, lastly, one wishes —  may the sacrificial Jauhar of brave Padmavati never fail to inspire the Rajputs and us. At least to uphold the spirit of righteous courage and values and save ourselves from the evil of the modern times playboys.