The brouhaha over the land ordinance has touched new heights owing to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent take on the same.
In his Mann Ki Baat address on radio on the 30th day of August, Modi conceded to the lapse of the highly contentious land ordinance, adding that the Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 would persist but with a slight tweak, that is, it would capsulate 13 points that would ensure the economic benefit of the farmers( the inclusion of the 13 points in the land acquisition act would lead to exemptions of sectors like atomic energy, railways, mines, ancient monuments and so on).
Further, he also expounded that his response was in wake of the misinformation being spread by the opposition parties regarding the land ordinance, “My farmer brothers and sisters, my farmer should not be misled and should never be in fear. I do not want to give any opportunity to anybody to create fear among farmers and mislead them.”
Endorsing the stand taken by the de-facto head of the state, MJ Akbar, a BJP spokesperson told NewsGram.com , “The Prime Minister hasn’t retrieved his stand, the very fact that he would ensure the inclusion of 13 points encapsulates his intent to render a pro-farmer change in the Land acquisition act 2013.”
However, Modi’s recent take has been conceived as a sheer exemplification of political opportunism. With the Bihar assembly polls knocking at the door and opposition parties bracing themselves up for the forthcoming elections, Modi’s retrieval seems to be a timeserving decision that would ensure BJP’s firm ground in the state.
According to a report in the Firstpost, the NDA in a bid to pocket a lump sum number in the Rajya Sabha is trying hard to crack the upcoming Bihar assembly polls. Owing to the fact that MLAs have a considerable role to play in the selection of MPs to Rajya Sabha, BJP requires a strong ground in states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Therefore, the BJP led NDA government is playacting its best to garner public attention and support.
“Modi’s retrieval of the bill was owing to the increasing criticism they garnered because to its anti-farmer nature. The Land bill 2013 which was passed during the UPA rule was unanimously supported by all the political parties; however it was owing to BJP’s nexus with the corporates that the present government wanted to amend the Land Act 2013,” sounded out Asish Dua, Congress’s media coordinator in an interview with NewsGram.com.
He further added, “The lapse of the land ordinance marks the triumph of democracy over the perils rolled out by the Modi government.”
Besides, the Prime Minister is terming the new development as a pro-farmer scheme, the defeat of his party is seeable enough. The 13 points or rather acts of which the leader has been constantly harping on is nothing less than a reiteration of clauses which were a part of the Land Act 2013. The scope to increase the radar of compensation under the 13 points schemes was always there- which the new found government kind of overlooked in their attempt at overhauling the Land Act.
“The 13 points which Narendra Modi has been talking of had already existed in the Land bill 2013, it had to get notified by the 31st of December 2014. However, the ruling government didn’t notify the same in order to push forth their agenda of overhauling the act. Now they are taking all the credit of endorsing the 13 acts which is factually incorrect because it was the UPA-2 government that had actually earmarked the same,” said Dua.
The major fact which remains dubious is the way Modi has been feigning his pro-farmer stance despite being aware of the fact that the land ordinance- if it would have been successfully passed in both the houses of the parliament- would have diluted the crucial provisions of mandatory consent and social impact assessment.
Adhering to the ideas fleshed out by a report in thewire.in, since the political juggernaut came to power, he has been overwhelmingly appreciated by the global finance capital community, owing to which it became all the more necessary for the leader to dole out an easy Land Acquisition act in order to garner foreign investments and land.
Therefore, mulling over the varied tenets, one needs to realize that though Modi has been conniving enough to prevail over his emissaries till this date, but his makeshift decisions exemplify the jitteriness permeating him and his party; they essay the vulnerability that the party is nibbling on in order to consolidate its stand in the Indian political milieu.
The Modi government hasnt scored too well on farmers issues, jobs and prices of essential commodities at the end of its four years in power, according to an online survey that also found a substantial number of people calling its performance “below expectations”.
The survey done by LocalCircles, a community social media platform, says that 43 per cent of those who participated in the poll rated the government as performing below expectations, 29 per cent rated it as meeting them and 28 per cent said the government was “exceeding expectations.
“Most performance parameters (of the government) show a decline over time as the gap between expectations set and impact on daily life rises,” according to the survey done with over 62,000 citizens from over 250 districts across the country. Thirty-five per cent respondents were females.
According to LocalCircles, each person who voted in the survey is registered with the portal with their detailed information and in many cases they shared their residential address.
The respondents have rated the government low on reducing crime against women and children, generating employment, improving farmers life, lowering cost of living and healthcare, the survey says.
However, it has scored well on improving India’s image globally, handling of Pakistan, fighting terrorism, infrastructure development and reducing tax harassment.
“Around 60 per cent citizens said price of essential commodities and cost of living have not reduced. Only 33 per cent believe that the price of essential commodities have come down in the last four years.”
According to the poll, around 32 per cent respondents feel that crime against women and children have reduced in the last four years while 58 per cent feel otherwise.
In the area of healthcare, only 32 per cent respondents believe that facilities and services have improved in the last four years whereas 62 per cent say no it has not.
On the state of the economy, 54 per cent respondents believe that the unemployment rate hasn’t reduced in the last four years, while 35 per cent think otherwise.
Around 46 per cent respondents believe that doing business in India was now easier while 39 per cent say it is not the case.
The respondents were asked if sufficient new infrastructure development — roads, power, irrigation, broadband — had taken place in the last four years.
“Approximately 65 per cent said yes while 29 per cent said no.”
Around 49 per cent respondents believe that corruption in India has reduced in the last four years while 44 per cent believe it has not reduced.
Asked if they felt India’s image had improved, 82 per cent said yes while 13 per cent said no.