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Leading Muslim Scholar Tufail Ahmad proposes Revolutionary Uniform Civil Code (UCC) to initiate Public Debate on the Issue

A draft Uniform Civil Code is the first-ever attempt to bring specific issues before the public for a wider discussion, said Tufail Ahmad

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New Delhi, November 30, 2016: Tufail Ahmad, a leading Muslim scholar on Wednesday proposed a draft Uniform Civil Code (UCC) to initiate a public debate on it.

A former journalist with BBC World Service and author of Jihadist Threat to India – The Case for Islamic Reformation by an Indian Muslim, Ahmad has called it a working draft for public consultation.

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[bctt tweet=”Even civil society organisations and human rights activists have shied away from advocating a UCC for Indian citizens.” username=””]

A uniform civil code was desired by the framers of the Constitution to ensure that basic fundamental rights of citizens, irrespective of their religious and other identities, are protected within a larger human rights framework, he said in a statement.

This UCC is drafted within a broader context of a Universal Bill of Rights for the Indian citizen (Ubric). This draft UCC is the first-ever attempt to bring specific issues before the public for a wider discussion, he added.

The 12-clause document is a working draft to be improved through wider public consultation.

At present, no draft UCC exists that could enlighten the people of India regarding the specifics that will constitute such a code, Ahmad explained of his venture.

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It is necessary to emphasise that the word ‘uniform’ in the uniform civil code is not meant to homogenise the lifestyles and identities of Indian citizens but to ensure that certain fundamental rights to equality and liberty are protected for them by the Indian state.

Ahmad also questioned political parties and civil society who have failed to make any attempt towards advocating UCC and said: No attempt has been made by the Indian government to draft a Uniform Civil Code for fear that political parties could lose Muslim votes.

Even civil society organisations and human rights activists have shied away from advocating a UCC for Indian citizens. This is a result of the prevailing erroneous belief that the uniform civil code is meant to curb personal laws, especially only of Muslims.

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The Law Commission had, on October 7, floated a 16-point questionnaire on its website asking the common people, activists, organisations and other stakeholders to give suggestions on the implementation of the UCC. The Commission has extended the period for submission of replies to December 21. (IANS)

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Know Your Rights and Rules While Dealing With Traffic Police

If traffic police harass you then you have the fundamental right to file a complaint with the police

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Every citizen has certain fundamental rights that they can exercise while dealing with Traffic Police. Wikimedia Commons
Every citizen has certain fundamental rights that they can exercise while dealing with Traffic Police. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma 

  • While dealing with traffic police, there are few rules and rights you must keep in mind
  • Dealing with traffic police politely and tactfully can help you greatly
  • Traffic police now has e-challan facilities to make payments of fine convenient

If you are a driver, no matter a two-wheeler or a four-wheeler, chances are you must have at least once bumped into traffic police while on the road.

While dealing with Traffic Police, know your rights and the general rules. Wikimedia Commons
While dealing with Traffic Police, know your rights and the general rules. Wikimedia Commons

People often complain about traffic police because of the corruption and problems they face. Despite several efforts from both the sides, the situation on the roads is far from improving.

While dealing with traffic police though, there are few traffic challan rules and laws you should know along with your own rights. Here is the list of rights you should know while dealing with the traffic police:

1. If traffic police try to penalise you, make sure that they are carrying a challan book or an e-challan machine with them. Without any of these with them, they cannot fine or penalise you.

2. If you are stopped by traffic police and they ask for your documents. Section 130 of the Motor Vehicle Act, says, that you only have to produce your driving license in front of the traffic police. You don’t need to hand it over to them. It is entirely your choice to hand it over to them, but they, in any case, cannot force you to do so.

Traffic Police can't ask you to handle your license to them. Wikimedia Commons
Traffic Police can’t ask you to handle your license to them. Wikimedia Commons

3.A traffic fine can be imposed on you for jumping a red light, driving a two-wheeler without a helmet, overspeeding, improper or obstructive parking, smoking and drinking in the or while driving the vehicle, not displaying number plate, driving without a license, driving a vehicle without registration. All these offences can get you penalised under the Motor Vehicles Act.

4.Never, ever succumb to illegal demands of the traffic police. Do not try to bribe the traffic police. If the officer asks for a bribe, note down his buckle number. If he is not wearing his buckle, you can always ask for the identity card. In case of refusal, you have the fundamental right to refuse to give him your documents.

5. If the police officer is an officer of rank sub-inspector or above then you can settle the offence by paying the fine. You can now pay your challan online via the facility of e-challan.

Also Read: Despotic behaviour of Delhi Police is due to lack of accountability  

Traffic Police can seize your vehicle if you break the traffic rules. Wikimedia Commons
Traffic Police can seize your vehicle if you break the traffic rules. Wikimedia Commons

6. If you are driving without license or permit, or you are driving an unregistered vehicle, police have the right to detain your vehicle. Delhi traffic police app has been introduced to keep a track of all the e-challans and seizes in the region of Delhi.

7. Traffic police cannot seize your driving license, without a valid receipt. Jumping the red light, overloading, drunken driving and using the mobile phone while driving, are some cases in which your driving license can be seized.

Also Read: Delhi Traffic Police launch SMS alerts service

8. Traffic police cannot tow your car if are sitting in it. You have to vacate your vehicle before they can tow your car away.

9. If you are detained by traffic police for any offence then you must be produced before the magistrate within 24 hours of the offence, for the trial.

It is important for a citizen to follow traffic rules. Wikimedia Commons
It is important for a citizen to follow traffic rules. Wikimedia Commons

10. If traffic police harass you then you have the fundamental right to file a complaint with the police against the harassing traffic police officer, stating the particulars of the entire incident.

11. And this is the most obvious one, you should not argue with the police, you must avoid any arguments with the police and cooperate. If you have made any mistake, just explain it to them nicely, they might even let you go or tone down your punishment.