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Juvenile justice bill passed in Rajya Sabha after marathon debate



Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi welcomes the passage of the bill.

Satisfied that the bill has been passed: Nirbhaya’s mother

The juvenile justice bill passed in Rajya Sabha through a voice vote. The bill will now be sent to President Pranab Mukherjee who will sign it into the law.

Left walks out of Rajya Sabha as the House votes on the juvenile justice bill.

Rajya Sabha votes on the juvenile justice bill.

Send the bill to juvenile justice bill to select committee: CPM’s Sitaram Yechury

If poverty was the reason behind rapes, how can Sweden which does not have a single poor person has the highest number of rapes? Can we explain it? That’s nature versus nurture: Meneka Gandhi

There is going to be a thorough inspection of juvenile homes: Meneka Gandhi

Meneka Gandhi, Minister of Women and Child Development, makes her statement in Rajya Sabha.

When there is no sex education and pornography is freely available to children on the internet, how are we going to address this issue? Asks Renuka Chaudhary, Congress

I have heard everyone talking about rape… Boys get raped as well, but this issue is not even discussed: Renuka Chaudhary, Congress

Let’s pass the bill because the country does not wish to wait any longer: Anand Sharma, Congress

In the bill, definition of heinous crimes needs more clarity: Anand Sharma, Congress

I’m glad today we have decided to pass this bill: Naresh Gujral, SAD

I urge the House that there are many lacunas in the bill which should be addressed: Anand Sharma, Congress

There should be more clarity in the bill with regard to ‘henous crimes’. What constitues ‘heinous’ crimes? Asks Anand Sharma, Congress

The House must ask if tough laws can deter crimes in India… There is a need for a social awakening: Anand Sharma, Congress

After the horryfing Nirbhaya case, a need was felt to lower the age of juvenile convicts to be treated as adults: Anand Sharma, Congress

Dawood Ibrahim when he first committed a crime in Mumbai was a juvenile and now he is India’s most wanted: Sanjay Raut, Shiv Sena

The House must respect the sentiments of Nirbhaya’s mother and pass this bill: Sanjay Raut, Shiv Sena

I want the minister to tell me in this bill there is a provision stating that if a juvenile commits a crime, special juvenile police will take over the case instead of state police. Sir, please tell me which state has the juvenile police?: K Keshava Rao, TRS

There is no hurry to pass the bill. Let the government send it to a select committee and consider suggestions made by parliamentarians: DMK MP Kanimozhi

DMK MP Kanimozhi starts speaking over juvenile justice bill.

Deputy Speaker in Rajya Sabha furious after Anil Madhav Dave argues with him. 

The fact that a boy capable of committing rape is considered a juvenile speaks volumes about our pathetic judicial system: Anil Madhav Dave, BJP

“There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children,” Gowda ends his speech quoting Nelson Mandela.

We must create a system which focuses on the reformation of the children: Rajeev Gowda, Congress

There is a lot of work that needs to be done. Institutions need to be built. It must not stop at the passing of this bill as the future of our children is at stake: Rajeev Chandrashekhar, Independent MP

BJP MP Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi objects to Satish Candra Mishra’s remark asking Union Minister V K Singh to be sent to a reform home. The Speaker assures to look into the records and take appropriate action.

Need to impart moral values among children in schools: Satish Candra Mishra, BSP

I urge the House to reconsider the provision in the proposed bill that ensures that if a child commits a heinous crime, he will forever be deprived of livelihood as he will not be employed by either the government or the private sector: A Navneethakrishnan, AIADMK MP

Which is a bigger crime? If I sell the child or I offer drugs to a child? Both, I guess. But if we look at the current bill we have different penalties for them. Five years imprisonment if I sell a child and seven years for offering drugs to him. This needs to change: Derek o’brien

If our children are becoming criminals, you and I are responsible… Consider changing reform period from 3 to 7 years: Derek o’brien

Juvenile justice should be on the foundation of rehabilitation and reform: Derek o’brien

Unfortunately, due to the apathy of our so-called national parties, it is left to the regional parties to raise the issues of national importance: Derek o’brien  

I wonder whether or not the two major parties have lost grip on the public opinion… I stand here to support the bill: TMC MP Derek o’brien  

If a 13 or 14-year-old boy commits rape, will we further lower the age? Asks Rajya Sabha MP Anu Aga

I am against lowering the age of juvenile convicts to be treated as adults to 16 in rape cases: Rajya Sabha MP Anu Aga

India can’t progress if its women and children are not looked after by the government and the society: Samajwadi Party’s Ravi Prakash Verma

If these children are continued to be ignored, it will have disastrous consequences. The children need guidance and help from the government. I wish to reiterate piecemeal remedies will not solve this issue: Samajwadi Party’s Ravi Prakash Verma

I want to ask how the children who should have been in schools are being allowed to be used by criminals for their nefarious activities. Even in Delhi, there is nobody to take care of thousands of children: Samajwadi Party’s Ravi Prakash Verma

Piecemeal measures like making laws will not suffice when it comes to crimes against women: Samajwadi Party’s Ravi Prakash Verma

It is a pity that the national media highlights only a few issues while ignoring other important problems: Samajwadi Party’s Ravi Prakash Verma

Samajwadi Party MP Ravi Prakash Verma speaks on the juvenile justice bill.

Good lights, better patrolling in areas prone to crimes against women will work as a deterrence: Ghulam Nabi Azad

The juvenile convicts must be kept at special observation homes, away from hardened criminals so that they do not get radicalised: Ghulam Nabi Azad

I congratulate Nirbhaya’s mother for saying that she’s fighting this battle for all daughters of India, not just for her daughter: Ghulam Nabi Azad

The debate would not have taken place on this issue if the juvenile convict in the Nirbhaya case was not released: Ghulam Nabi Azad

I was the Union Health Minister when the shocking incident took place and I was fortunate enough to meet the victim and her family. I do not have the gumption to describe her condition: Ghulam Nabi Azad

Nirbhaya’s case was heart-rending and shocking. The incident shook the collective conscience of the nation: Ghulam Nabi Azad

Congress MP Ghulam Nabi Azad speaks on the juvenile justice bill. Nirbhaya’s family had met him on Monday in this regard.

BJP MP agrees with Derek o’brien, says ready for the debate and pass the bill on Tuesday.

TMC MP Derek o’brien urges the Speaker to debate the bill at length and then pass it on Tuesday itself.

Earlier, Nirbhaya’s parents met Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi, who assured the former that the bill would be passed in the House on Tuesday.

Let’s pass the juvenile justice bill, especially when Nirbhaya’s parents are present in the House: Meneka Gandhi

BJP MP Meneka Gandhi speaks in Rajya Sabha on the need to pass the juvenile justice bill.

Pass juvenile justice bill: Nirbhaya’s parents

New Delhi: The parents of the December 16 gang-rape victim on Tuesday met central minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi to demand early passage of the juvenile justice bill in parliament.

“We have been assured that the bill will be passed in the Rajya Sabha today (Tuesday),” Nirbhaya’s mother Asha Devi told the media after the meeting at Naqvi’s residence here.

“He (juvenile convict) would not have been released if this bill had been passed six months ago. Though it has been delayed, we want this bill to be passed in parliament at the earliest,” she added.

Naqvi said: “We have held discussions with all concerned. All parties are of the view that the bill should be passed.”

Nirbhaya, a 23-year-old paramedical student, was gang-raped and brutalised in a moving bus in Delhi in 2012.

The juvenile convicted for the 2012 gang rape was released from a correctional home in the national capital on December 20.

The juvenile justice bill was listed for discussion and passing in the Rajya Sabha on Monday after demands from members, amid protests over the release of the December 16 gang-rape juvenile convict.

The parents of ‘Nirbhaya’ on Monday led a massive demonstration in the national capital to demand an amendment to the Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 so as to treat a juvenile committing a heinous crime as an adult offender.

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Come April, government will be more comfortable in Rajya Sabha

Of the 100 BJP-allies MPs, 24 are retiring. Which means, the government will be left with 76 MPs

Parliament of India is a source of interest for many people because of various reasons. Wikimedia Commons
Parliament of India is a source of interest for many people because of various reasons. Wikimedia Commons
  • In April, the opposition may lose its edge over BJP in Rajya Sabha
  • NDA led by Modi has faced many embarrassments in Rajya Sabha in past few years
  • This is expected to change soon

Come April, the opposition in the Rajya Sabha may lose its edge in the numbers game and the power to stall any government bill, as the ruling BJP-led NDA coalition is set to catch up with its rivals, though a clear majority will elude them for a while more.

BJP to soon get more comfortable in  Rajya Sabha. Wikimedia commons
BJP to soon get more comfortable in Rajya Sabha. Wikimedia Commons

As 58 MPs, including three Nominated and one Independent, are set to retire in April, the Rajya Sabha math is going to change. It is set to favour the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), and the trend may continue in the elections to the Upper House later too with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) having solid majorities in a number of state assemblies, especially the ones it won after the 2014 Lok Sabha polls.

With this, while the Congress-led opposition’s numbers will come down to around 115 from the present 123, the numbers of the BJP, its allies and sympathisers together would climb to around 109 from the present 100-odd members.

And the gap, once wide enough to let the opposition invariably have its say, will keep narrowing further in the coming months.

Of the 55 retiring members (excluding those Nominated), 30 belong to the opposition camp while 24 belong to the BJP and allies. Of them, a large number of NDA candidates are set to return while the opposition will lose a chunk of its members.

As things stand now, the Congress-led opposition has 123 MPs (including 54 of the Congress) in a house of 233 elected members (apart from 12 Nominated), while the NDA has 83 members (including 58 of BJP) plus four Independents who support the BJP (these include MPs Rajeev Chandrashekhar, Subhash Chandra, Sanjay Dattatraya Kakade and Amar Singh).

Rajya Sabha or the Upper House can often be a game changer while passing of the bills is in process.
Rajya Sabha or the Upper House can often be a game changer while passing of the bills is in process.

Also, for all practical purposes, the All India Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), that has 13 members in the Rajya Sabha, is also with the NDA. This means the NDA’s effective strength in the upper house of Parliament is 100.

The gap was wider till just a few months ago. This meant that during any battle between the government and the opposition in the Upper House over bills and major issues, it was the opposition that invariably had its way. The recent example was the triple talaq legislation that the opposition stalled in the upper house, demanding that it be referred to a Select Committee.

For over less than four years, the Narendra Modi government had faced quite a few embarrassments in the Rajya Sabha thanks to the majority of the opposition, forcing it often to take the money bill route to avoid a clash in the house. Under the Constitution, a money bill needs to be passed only in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha cannot stall it.

Also Read: For Modi, Road To 2019 Will Be Steeper

However, after April, the NDA will be in a far better position.

Of the 100 BJP-allies MPs, 24 are retiring. Which means, the government will be left with 76 MPs (including AIADMK). But at least 30 from the NDA are set to get re-elected. So the number will rise to 106. Add three members that the government would nominate to the upper house and the final NDA tally will roughly be 109 MPs.

Further, there are fence-sitters such as the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) and the YSR Congress, which are not virulently against the BJP and would not oppose the government unless for very compelling reasons.

Now, for the Congress and the rest of the opposition, they are set to lose 30 MPs (including one Independent, A.V. Swamy) through retirement and would be left with around 93 members. The Opposition may win roughly 22 seats, which means that its final tally after April is likely to be around 115 members.

Government can now expect some smooth sailing in the Rajya Sabha, coming this April.
Government can now expect some smooth sailing in the Rajya Sabha, coming this April.

The gap has clearly narrowed and the government may not be at the mercy of the opposition during crucial votes and can have its way in the Rajya Sabha if it musters its numbers by deftly wooing “floater” MPs.

The three newly-elected Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) members may remain equidistant from both the BJP and the Congress, though the party is friendly with some of the major opposition parties like the Trinamool Congress.

Also Read: BJP MP Seeks Amendment to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Bill

In an interesting development recently, the AAP actively participated in the opposition’s walkout and the day-long boycott of the Rajya Sabha over long intra-day adjournments of the Upper House by Chairman M. Venkaiah Naidu.

The AAP, which was not welcome at any opposition meetings earlier, particularly those held in Parliament House, was invited to speak at a joint opposition media interaction on the day. But nobody can be sure as to how long this bonding would last.

Partywise tally of those retiring in April-May from the opposition’s side include 13 from the Congress, six from the Samajwadi Party, three of the Trinamool Congress, two each of the Nationalist Congress Party and Biju Janata Dal and one each of the CPI-M, the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.

NDA has to face many embarrassments in past few years in Rajya Sabha. Wikimedia Commons
NDA has to face many embarrassments in past few years in Rajya Sabha. Wikimedia Commons

From the ruling side, 17 MPs of the BJP, three of the Janata Dal United, one of the Shiv Sena and two of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) are retiring.

In terms of state-wise vacancies to be created in April, the highest number is from Uttar Prdaesh (9), followed by Maharashtra (6), Madhya Pradesh (5), Bihar (5), Gujarat (4), Karnataka (4), West Bengal (4), Rajasthan (3), Odisha (3), Andhra Pradesh (3), Telangana (2), Uttarakhand (1), Himachal Pradesh (1) and Chhattisgarh (1). IANS