New Delhi: To upgrade cleanliness in the major tertiary care hospitals of the country, Union Health Minister J.P. Nadda launched the Clean and Green campaign at AIIMS here on Wednesday.
The campaign, launched as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India campaign), will cover the 12 major tertiary care hospitals of India to instil a sense of urgency and seriousness of purpose for cleanliness issues in hospitals.
As part of the campaign, the health ministry will award the hospital with the best sanitation and cleanliness maintenance in the next one year.
“The time has come for paying heed to sanitation and cleanliness in hospitals. Hospitals do not need to worry as the government will fully support financially the hospitals for the implementation of the campaign,” Nadda said on the occasion.
He said one of the reasons why sanitation and cleanliness were being ignored at major hospitals was the patient load. However, he assured that the campaign would solve all the sanitation and cleanliness issues.
“I am sure that the clean and green campaign will provide the enabling framework wherein both the patients and faculty can best respond and work in most congenial working environment,” the minister added.
The All India India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) under the campaign would form several new committees on issues like sanitation and staff management.
Sanitation staff would be trained in technologies that can help in upgrading sanitation management.
Health secretary B.P. Sharma said,” The need for such a dedicated campaign was very much necessary. The challenges in creating patient friendly hospitals have been quite formidable.”
“The rise in patient load, increased workload on doctors and nursing cadres, timely modernisation of machinery and equipment have necessitated significant policy responses,” he said.
Being a parent is not an easy task which comes along with a lot of responsibilities and commitments.
To add more, the toughest part of the job seems to be when you have a say no to your kids.
Although, sometimes you can be an engaging parent to your child into fun activities but ensure to say no to your kids in matters that concern health and morale of your kiddo.
The following are a few instances where you need to say no to your kids irrespective of their wishes and demands:
Going to bed and waking up on time
You should be strict about deadlines for sleeping and form a proper routine for your kid—be it on school nights or holidays. You should convince yourself to say no to your kids and convey the importance of sleep with bedtime stories or healthy conversations. Afterall, we all know ‘Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise’.
Ensure that your child consumes food at regular intervals. You should coax your child gently if your child denies eating certain meals. Say no to your kids to skip the morning breakfast. It forms the most important meal of the day that fills the body with required nutrition.
Healthy habits concerning hygiene and cleanliness should be inculcated to your child. Stress the importance of washing hands before and after meals and after using the toilets. Also, promote healthy eating by including nutrient-rich vegetables and fruits in your kid’s diet plan and say no to your kids to eat junk food.
Fewer video games, more exercise
Make a specific time for your child to use electronic devices or play video games. At the same time, encourage them to play outdoor games and take part in physical activity. Exercising will help in boosting immunity to fight infections. Say no to your kids over excessive playing with electronic devices.
No gadgets at mealtimes
Healthy habits would make your child more active and happy. Say no to kids when it comes to watching television or the computer that will make your child lethargic. Introduce strict rules of not using gadgets at mealtimes.
-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana
Varanasi, Sep 23 : Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while addressing a public gathering in Varanasi said that sanitation is worship for him, as it can rid the poor of various diseases.
The gathering was largely attended by people on the second day of his Varanasi visit. Modi visited, Shahanshahpur a village of his Lok Sabha constituency. Where he laid the foundation stone of a public toilet in the area.
“That is because sanitation is also a kind of worship for me. It will rid the poor of my country of various diseases and the economic burden due to those diseases that result from dirty surroundings,” he said while addressing people there.
He said while no one likes garbage, everyone in India shies away from the responsibility of keeping their surroundings clean.
“It is the responsibility of every citizen and every family to keep their surroundings clean so we are able to build clean villages, clean cities and a clean nation,” Modi said.
The Prime Minister urged people to take one resolution each, to improve the nation by 2022. The year will also mark the 75 years of independence.
“In the coming five years, we have to be committed towards that resolution. If 125 crore people take one resolution each and live up to it, then the nation would move 125 crore steps forward in the next five years,” he said.
Cases of sexual violence, including rape, fall within the larger realm of domestic violence
Marital rape is yet to be categorized as a criminal offence in India
According to the central government, criminalizing marital rape “may destabilize the institution of marriage”
New Delhi, September 2, 2017 : Baby works as a domestic help; she says she cannot recall her age when her parents married her off to a man who was much older to her; a man she barely knew. She didn’t anticipate her husband would demand to have intercourse on their wedding night. She was still young and not ready, but that didn’t stop him. Baby was raped by her husband on her wedding night. But marital rape means nothing to her.
Sunita irons clothes for a living. She says has been married for more years than she can remember. The duo has four kids together, but that doesn’t stop her husband from raising a hand or two on her, every once in a while. Every night, her husband would get drunk, hit her and forcefully demand to have sex, paying no heed to her resistance. Sunita has three daughters, and a son, and the husband still wants to have progenies. “I told my mother that this man has raped me multiple times. She protested, arguing that he is ‘your husband’ after all,” she said.
But did she never decide to approach the authorities?
To this, Sunita promptly replied, “I once had a sore eye after he (the husband) hit me with his shoe when I refused to have sex. I went to the local hospital and then the police. I narrated the entire scene; they were very considerate, offered me water and then asked me to go home and ‘adjust’.”
Sunita is unaware of a term called ‘marital rape’.
This is the reality of a huge part of the society in real India.
Like Baby and Sunita, women who suffer such indignities are often asked to “adjust” with perpetrators of violence because of a deep –embedded fear of what the society would say. This notion of an ‘ideal woman’ impedes women to object to illicit treatment meted out by their ‘better halves’.
The debate around the issue has become ripe once again with the Central Government stating that what “may appear to be marital rape” to a wife “may not appear so to others”. In an affidavit to the Delhi High Court, the central government took a stand against criminalizing marital rape saying that it “may destabilize the institution of marriage” and also become easy tool for harass the husbands and the in-laws.
Rape is defined in Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code, but with an irregularity: “Sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under fifteen years of age, is not rape.”
While rape is addressed as perforation without a woman’s accord in its main clause, the only remedy to forced intercourse provided to ‘married’ woman is specified under Section 498-A of the IPC and the civil provisions of the Protection of Women from Domestiic Violence Act.
Following the horrific 2012 Nirbhaya rape case that brought the entire world to a standstill, the Indian media has given paramount coverage to instances of rape across the country. But even after 5 years of the gut-wrenching incident, there seems no end to this crime.
Cases of sexual violence, including rape, fall within the larger realm of domestic violence. However, rape by husbands within holy matrimony continues to remain an obscure subject in India and the exact number of cases is hard to gauge.
According to a 2015 report by National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) tracing the proximity of offenders to the victims of sexual violence, it was revealed that in 95 per cent of all rapes, the offenders were familiar to the survivors. These, presumably include acquaintances, friends, relatives and colleagues.
And what about rape committed by husbands?
In light of the debate over marital rape, a reminder: if you actually ask women, almost all the sexual violence they face is from husbands pic.twitter.com/BRVXk0cbbJ
These cases continue to be an under-reported crime in India. This can be attributed to two major reasons,
Because of the stigma associated with it
Because of the presence of a defunct justice system
Furthermore, more often than not, these cases go missing because of several additional (and unnecessary) barriers stemming from a combination of familial and/or social power structures, shame and dependency.
Marital Rape In India
While most of the developed world has penalized marital rape, surprisingly it is yet to be categorized as an offence in India.
A United Nations’ report titled ‘Why do some men use violence against women and how can we prevent it?’ published in 2013 disclosed that nearly a quarter of 10,000 men in Asia-Pacific region, including India, admitted to have indulged in the rape of a female partner. The report traced their rationale to a deep-embedded belief that they are entitled to sex despite the consent of their partners.
The study also revealed that the majority of these instances were not reported and the perpetrators faced no legal consequences.
In 2014, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), in association with International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW) brought out a report titled ‘Masculinity, Intimate Partner Violence and Son Preference in India’. Among other things, the report analyzed the average Indian male’s understanding and interpretation of the idea of ‘masculinity’ and how that molds their interactions with women.
Not surprisingly, the study revealed that a typical man in the Indian society associated the attributes ‘tough’, and ‘controlling’ with masculinity.
Segments of the present day Indian society continue to look at men as tough forces, who can (must) freely exercise their privilege to establish rule in personal relationships and above all, continue to control women.
Additionally, the study also revealed that 60 per cent of the Indian men disclosed the use of physical violence to establish authority.
In India, stiff patriarchal norms continue to tilt the gender balance firmly in the favor of men, as a result of which, women are forced to internalize male dominance in their lives.
Marital Rape in India : A Legal Perspective
Section 375 essentially distinguishes between two categories of women
Much to the Indian society’s disappointment, the Indian legal system denies protection from rape to the married woman. This creates discrimination as the women belonging to one section are denied justice merely by virtue of being married.
But can there be two different definitions of rape? Can there be a differentiation between the rape of a married woman and the rape of an unmarried woman? Is it justified to discriminate a woman just because she is married to the man who has raped her?
The Debate Around Marital Rape In India
Despite the piquant situation, the issue raised furor when Minister of State for Home, Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary told the Parliament that the question of criminalizing marital rape in India has no relevance “as marriage is treated as sacred here.”
Does marriage being a sacrament provide one with the legal right to rape a woman?
South Asia director at Human Rights Watch Meenakshi Ganguly had retaliated saying that it is particularly concerning when a government that claims to secure the safety of women inside and outside national territory shamelessly turn to justify a crime in the name of culture and tradition.
India can learn something from its neighbours. Nepal has laws against marital rape, so does Bhutan
Group director of social and economic development at the International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW) Priya Nanda asserted in an interview with a leading portal that “the reason men don’t want to criminalize marital rape is because they don’t want to give a woman the power to say no.”
In 2013, a three-member commission headed by Justice J.S. Verma suggested remedial measures to combat sexual violence in India, following the 2012 Nirbhaya rape case. One of its recommendations was the criminalization of marital rape.
The recommendation was ignored by the government as a large amount of people questioned its efficiency saying if made a crime,
It might be misused by people
It will be difficult to prove
It might break up marriages
But, how fair is it to not have a law against marital rape, only because of the reason that it is ‘difficult to prove’?
In a broader understanding, it needs to be understood that the criminalization of marital rape must not be viewed as a step against men or the institution of matrimony, but as an attempt to demolish the patriarchal system that continues to clutch the Indian society.
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