Monday December 11, 2017

Nationwide drive to prevent unsafe disposal of syringes

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New Delhi: Health experts across the country have decided to launch a nationwide drive to prevent the needle-stick injuries caused by unsafe disposal of syringes, especially of insulin syringes and pen needles by diabetics.

The decision was taken following recent surveys stating that most of the syringes and pen needles used for insulin and immunisation are disposed of in an unsafe manner, leading to needle-stick injuries.

Approximately 65 million Indians living with diabetes consume about 160 million insulin syringes and about 50 million pen needles annually along with about 40 million syringes used for immunisation.

 

The programme, likely to start in a week, will also sensitise diabetes care professionals to their responsibility toward the physical environment while reinforcing the need for interdisciplinary cooperation between all stakeholders.

As per the article in Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, over 200 million insulin devices are generated in India each year and every day over 1,000 healthcare workers in hospitals are injured with a needle. This especially happens during insulin syringe/pen needle re-capping, intended for re-use.

SV Madhu, head of medicine and endocrinology at GTB Hospital. also, spread light on this matter.

While modern insulin technique guidelines address the need for appropriate disposal of needles and syringes, safe disposal of insulin delivery sharps is seldom practiced in clinic and home care environment,

The entire programme will be supported by the Forum for Injection Technique (FIT), an autonomous organisation supporting people with diabetes using injectable therapies to achieve the best possible health outcomes that can be influenced by correct injection technique.

Data from the FIT states that apart from syringes, roughly 9.6 crore vials, cartridges and pre-fills are consumed in a 12-month period, adding to the burden of glass and plastic on the environment.

“The net amount of plastic generated from insulin syringes alone, each year is 600,000 kg. This excludes the plastic generated from more than 40 million pen needles used every year in India,” said Sanjay Kalra, FIT advisory board member.

“It is worrisome that most of these devices are not disposed of safely subjecting the caretaker and the community to health risks.” he added.

While modern insulin technique guidelines address the need for appropriate disposal of needles and syringes, safe disposal of insulin delivery sharps is seldom practiced in clinic and home care environment,

Apart from environmental contamination, unsafe disposal is having an adverse impact on healthcare workers’ safety.

(Inputs from IANS)

(Picture Courtesy: tribune.com.pk)

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Study: Vitamin D can helpful in Recovery from Burn Injuries

Researchers have found that Vitamin D can help in Recovering from Burn Injuries.

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role of Vitamin D in recovery from burn injuries
Vitamin D capsules. Pixabay
  • Patients with severe burns who have higher levels of Vitamin D recover more successfully than those with lower levels, researchers claimed to have found.

Vitamin D supplementation is Cost-effective treatment for Burn Patients

A study that is claimed to be the first to investigate the role of Vitamin D in recovery from burn injuries suggests that Vitamin D supplementation may be a simple and cost-effective treatment to enhance burn healing, the researchers said.

“Major burn injury severely reduces Vitamin D levels and adding this vitamin back may be a simple, safe and cost-effective way to improve outcomes for burns patients, with minimal cost to NHS,” said Janet Lord, Professor at the Institute of Inflammation and Aging in Birmingham.

Vitamin D is known to have antibacterial actions that may help combat infection and therefore aid in wound healing of burn patients.

In order to investigate the role of Vitamin D in recovery from burn injuries, researchers assessed the recovery progress, over one year, in patients with severe burns and correlated this with their Vitamin D levels.

The study, presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Harrogate, found that patients with higher levels of Vitamin D had a better prognosis, with improved wound healing, fewer complications, and less scarring.

The data also showed that burns patients tend to have lower levels of Vitamin D.

These data suggest that Vitamin D supplementation immediately following burn injury may have potent health benefits to the patient, including enhanced antimicrobial activity to prevent infection, and improved wound healing, the researchers noted.( IANS)

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Google Searches Can Now Track Type 2 Diabetes, Says UK Research

At a time when people are increasingly turning to Google to self-diagnose illnesses, this comes as a path-breaking innovation.

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UK based research proposes that diabetes can now be tracked through Google search results in a particular area.
A smartphone and computer screen display the Google home page, VOA
  • The research has been published in the journal Scientific Research.
  • Search engine traces constitute an ever-growing data pool, which are now being exploited by scientists

LONDON, July 28, 2017: Today’s good news comes from the field of medicine! Researchers at University of Warwick, UK in a path-breaking research propose that key words about symptoms and risk-factors of  Type 2 diabetes, when entered into search engines or posted on social media, can provide accurate real-time information on how likely the disease is to multiply in specific areas and its primary conditions.

Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease that can result due to factors like diet, exercise and family history of diabetes. However, it is difficult to detect, the procedure typically involving tests of blood, glucose, and urine along with the physical examination.

Scientists believe this effective monitoring of Type 2 Diabetes using Google searches will help public officials keep a track of the disease and curb its spread.

ALSO READ: Biomedical Engineers at Apple team is developing sensors to monitor Diabetes.

Researchers looked at diabetes risk factors from two principal UK observation models that monitor the disease in those who’re at risk of developing it, or those who already suffer – including gender, age, weight, body mass index (BMI), family history of diabetes and lifestyle choices (like smoking). They then analyzed Google Trends data from Central London, comparing weekly searched keywords relating to risk factors such as “how to quit smoking”,  or  “how to lose weight” and “diabetes” itself, mentioned PTI report.

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People are increasingly turning to the internet to clarify medical queries which inspired this innovation. According to researchers at the University of Warwick, 21.8% people in Britain chose to self-diagnose illnesses using the internet rather can a doctor in 2015.

Thus, search engine traces constitute a growing data pool and are now being accessed by researchers to design new-generation screening programs.

According to the PTI report, Nataliya Tkachenko from the University of Warwick, who led the study believes human online behaviors could help connect real-world human health landscape and synthetic, bio-centric monitoring tools. “Self-diagnosing behaviors online could be effectively leveraged for real-time health monitoring tools, with the biggest potential to be anticipated for chronic and non-communicable diseases”, she said.

– prepared by Soha Kala of NewsGram. Twitter @SohaKala