Tuesday December 12, 2017

Older adults have mixed effect because of social support

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Singapore: An Indian origin researcher’s study suggested that social support provided to older adults by family and friends, is not the only postive effect on their mental health but it is mixed blessing.

Assistant professor Rahul Malhotra and Shannon Ang from Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore found that receipt of social support reduced depressive symptoms among older individuals, but at the same time made them feel like they had lost control over their lives.

The study, published recently in the journal Social Science and Medicine, linked this loss of control to increased depressive symptoms among older adults, which counteracted the positive effect of receiving social support.

The researchers analysed data collected from surveys administered to 2,766 older adults aged 62 to 97 who were part of the Panel of Health and Aging in Singaporean Elderly (PHASE).

“While receiving social support may help older people feel a sense of belonging or enhance their relationship closeness with the provider, it can also impact them negatively because it reduces their sense of control over their own lives,” said Ang, a research assistant at Duke-NUS.

Malhotra and Ang suggested that in order for social support to improve the overall mental health of older adults, both care-givers and policy-makers should be aware of both its negative and positive effects.

“Our findings have implications for policy-makers because it points toward the importance of crafting policies and encouraging ways to provide support to older persons that can help them maintain their sense of control over their own lives,” said senior author Malhotra.

“We need to think of ways in which we can help older adults without increasing their sense of dependence,” he added.

The new findings are contrary to the common notion that more social support is always good.

(IANS)

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Sexism is Real and Men Face it too!

While women tend to pay heed to such remarks, sexism directed towards men goes largely unnoticed. Read on to know if you have been making sexist remarks towards your male counterparts

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sexism
Sexism is unbridled in the Indian society and (finally) being talked about. Pixabay

New Delhi, September 9, 2017 : Society has a huge role to play in the person that we become. And sometimes, that may not be the right way to go about it.

More often than not, society forces us to be somebody we are not. A woman belongs in the kitchen, a man is not supposed to cry; who established these ground rules to function in the society?

Sexism is real, and men face it too (surprise!)

“Man up!”

“Don’t be such a girl!”

Men are always expected to display vigor and anger; their insecurities are rarely taken into account and would rather be pushed under a rug that the society largely identifies as ‘masculinity’.

We keep reminding men that they should not wear pink, that they cannot cry, and that they are only supposed to express their emotions in a certain way. We tell them to ‘not be such a girl’, to shake off their fears and ‘man up’ and to always take charge. And this never stops.

But what we are forgetting here is that men have emotions too; even when the society does not allow them to emote explicitly.

These expressions and understanding are so entrenched in daily communiqué that sometimes we fail to realize when we are making a sexist remark.

Yes, sexism is unbridled in the Indian society and (thankfully) being talked about.

While women tend to pay heed to such remarks, sexism directed towards men goes largely unnoticed.

Here are a few subtle hints to how sexism has become a part of everyday life for men,

sexism
According to the National Crime Victimization Survey 2016, 38 % victims of sexual violence were men.

Men are often faced with questions like “why didn’t you fight her?”, and made jokes on how they must have enjoyed it because why wouldn’t anybody enjoy a sexual encounter that essentially has ‘no strong attached’.

People in the 21st century fail to realize the real, societal damage that women who sexually assault men, cause to the society.

 

 

sexism
The society largely looks down upon the men who earn less than their ‘weaker’ counterparts.

The man is supposed to be the ‘provider’ of the family, earning most of the money. For many men, it feels like a hard slap when women earn more money.

Because if they aren’t earning a living for their family, how can they be a “true” man?

 

 

sexism
The society places unnecessary expectations on boys from a young age. Boys can only be ‘strong’, and ‘big’. Why cant they be sensitive and soft?

Sexism places men and women in stereotypical roles- women are ‘naturally’ kind, compassionate and sensitive, while the men are ‘naturally’ more rational, and stronger, physically and mentally.

 

 

Sexism
There is no denying that girls are body shamed,;but assuming that they are ‘weak’ and hence not self-sufficient is taking that to the next level.

People say this to boys all the time and must be immediately stopped because it increasingly encourages the mindset that girls are inherently weak.

Even when the tone of such sexist comments is compassionate- sometimes even flattering, they are indicative of a stereo-typically narrow and insulting worldview.

 

 

Sexism
Not only is it unnatural to discourage men from undertaking work that they are passionate about, it is also dangerous.

Despite the cliche that art is a universal language, artists are interpreted very differently in terms of their gender. The unease and suspicion that accompany a male artist, irrespective of what art form he practices, are often based out of society’s view of the body and a larger understanding of ‘masculinity’.

 

 

Sexism
Suggesting that boys and girls should be held to different behaviors is dowright demeaning, not to ignore dangerous.

The dominant idea about what a ‘real’ man should be include behaviors such as dominance, control, assertiveness, and emotional unresponsiveness. The society continues to think that men ‘do not do work’, but instead they ‘get work done’ by their weaker counterparts-the women.

While circumstances continue to evolve for the better, in the larger society, there still is a special place in the society  for men who get angry- they are looked upon with reverence. No one points out their anger issues, or frowns upon them. It seems like arrogance and aggression are the only two emotions that men can acceptably show; that these are the only emotions that a man today is capable of showing.

We need to understand that men no longer have to ‘man up’. Instead, let them be a little more human


 

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‘I am HIV-Positive. So What?’: This New Book can Boost Morale for HIV-Positive People

The book is based on the life of an international bodybuilding champion Khundrakpam Pradipkumar Singh hailing from Manipur

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HIV-Positive
HiV Aids symbol is a red ribbon. Wikimedia
  • “I am HIV-Positive, So What?” is a book written by Jayanta Kalita, a journalist 
  • The book has been published by Bloomsbury publications
  • It talks about the struggles of HIV-Positive people to stay in the society and not be sidelined

New Delhi, August 19, 2017: In a society where HIV patients are very often forced into seclusion, a new book titled “I Am HIV-Positive, So What?” promises to raise new hopes among the silent sufferers.

The book, authored by journalist Jayanta Kalita and published by Bloomsbury, was launched on Friday at an event organised at the Press Club of India here.

The book is based on the life of an international bodybuilding champion Khundrakpam Pradipkumar Singh hailing from Manipur, who was diagnosed HIV-positive.

“His mission was to break the stereotype that an HIV person cannot be part of society. Even after his HIV status becoming public through the media, Singh remained undaunted in the face of all odds,” Kalita said at the event.

The book speaks of the incredible journey of the HIV-positive person, who mended his failing health, overcame psychological trauma, and fought stigma and discrimination to pursue his dreams.

“He was determined to excel in his chosen field despite warnings from doctors and adverse comments from the society,” the author added. (IANS)

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Renowned Scientist Dr. Pushpa Mitra Bhargava Expires at his Prashant Nagar Residence in Uppal

This Indian scientist was internationally identified as a thinker, institution builder, and molecular biologist

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Science
Dr Pushpa Mitra Bhargava expired on Tuesday. Twitter
  • Dr. Pushpa Mitra Bhargava died on Tuesday after a brief illness
  • He was born in Ajmer on February 22, 1928, and had completed his Ph. D. from Lucknow University
  • He was internationally recognized as an institution builder, molecular biologist, and thinker.

Hyderabad, August 2, 2017: Pushpa Mitra Bhargava, the founder and director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) and a top Indian scientist died due to a brief illness on Tuesday.

As per his family members, Bhargava took his last breath at his Prashant Nagar residence in Uppal. He was 89 years-old and had a son and a daughter.

He was born on February 22, 1928, in Ajmer, and had completed his Ph. D. in synthetic chemistry from Lucknow University. Bhargava in 1953 went to the USA and filled in at the post of a project associate at a lab for research on cancer. He had a dynamic part in the revelation of 5-fluorouracil, which is an anti-cancer medication. He was employed at various research organizations in France and the United Kingdom. He had restricted the endorsement of GM in India and asked for a ban of no less than 15 years on hereditarily altered yields in the nation.

Also read: Indian Origin Scientist Part of Team that developed Asteroid flyby to help NASA test Global Tracking Network

His efforts and vision gave rise to the establishment of CCMB in 1977, an institute for basic biology research and seeking its application for the betterment of society.

The staff of CCMB expressed their condolence and profound sadness at his demise. He was a part of the production of nation building scientists who established Indian science. This Indian scientist was recognized as an institution builder, molecular biologist, and thinker at an international level.

His concerns and engagements covered art and culture as well as science and their link to society. He remained immensely engrossed in social issues, especially those related to the effect of science on society in India and the world. His extraordinary commitment and energy will continue to always motivate scientists in future ventures, said an official press release.

Bhargava is also the receiver of more than 100 national and international awards, including the Padma Bhushan, which is the third highest civilian award of the nation in 1986.  He was amid 100 scientists who had conveyed distress over “the ways in which science and reason were getting eroded” and “climate of intolerance” in a statement.

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Bhargava had communicated worry over “RSS people” going to a meeting of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs. He had cautioned that if the present pattern proceeded, India would not remain a democracy and turn into a theocratic nation like Pakistan.

He had additionally blamed Narendra Modi for expressing that India had known the procedure of organ transplantation long back at Indian Science Congress.

-prepared by Harsimran Kaur of NewsGram. Twitter: @Hkaur1025