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Paris climate meet reaches draft deal, India’s concerns visible

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Paris: Less than a week into the crucial global climate change conference here, some 196 participating countries on Saturday reached a draft deal which seeks to address one of India’s main demands that rich nations must extend emerging economies both funding and technology so that their clean and green development goals do not entail unfair costs or burden.

The delegates at the 21st Conference of Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, who have been holding deliberations here since November 30 said they have a blueprint that seeks to reduce carbon emissions and limit global warming at a level that will be negotiated next week.

The draft was handed over at the plenary session on Saturday morning, after working through the night before on the fourth such text issued in the past three days. Once the officials come to an understanding, it is expected to be scaled up to the ministerial level for a pact where India will be led by its Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.

The thrust is on a legally-binding deal before the end of this round of negotiations due till December 11.

Significantly, the 48-page draft says developed countries shall provide new and additional financial resources, technology transfer and capacity-building to meet the agreed full costs incurred by developing countries in complying with their obligations. It also says the extent to which emerging economies implement their commitments will depend on rich nations meeting their commitments.

The draft, which has a substantial amount of the text in square brackets — meaning these are either contentious or yet to be negotiated — also proposed to raise $100 billion annually from 2020, recognising the key role that it will play in implementing the final pact in its true spirit.

This is important since the poor and emerging economies want clean and green technology and funding from rich nations to pursue their national interests without harming the environment further, as they hold the industrialised responsible for polluting the earth in the past.

“India is looking at a just and equitable outcome firmly anchored in the UNFCCC. India’s priorities are both mitigation and adaptation and both are equally important. India is strongly supportive of food security. Adaptation in the agriculture sector will ensure food security,” said Susheel Kumar, one of the interlocutors from the Indian side.

This year’s conference, also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, is seeking to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on protecting the environment — for the first time in over 20 years of UN-mandated negotiations — with the aim of keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius.

India has articulated that any outcome at the talks must be just.

“Principle of common but differentiated responsibilities should be the bedrock of our collective enterprise. Anything else would be morally wrong,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said when talks began on November 30. “Justice demands that, with what little carbon we can still safely burn, developing countries are allowed to grow.”

At the same time, New Delhi has also proposed some Suo moto commitments. It submitted on October 2 its action plan on climate change, called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, pledging to slash the emission intensity of its economy by 2030 at the 2005 level, while pursuing its own sustainable development agenda.

(IANS)

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An insight into the biggest political parties of India

The next state polls of 2018 will be an acid test for Rahul Gandhi to prove his mettle as a leader

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The recent clash of BJP and Congress have re-balanced the political scenario of India. Wikimedia Commons
The recent clash of BJP and Congress have re-balanced the political scenario of India. Wikimedia Commons

NEW DELHI: Indian being a political democratic country, houses a lot of political parties. Since independence, many new parties have emerged to take up the fight for various sections of the society. One of the examples of such a party is AAP (Aam Admi Party). AAP came up with strong political ethics to root out issues faced by a commons man but now the very existence of this party is in question due to poor performance and incompetence of some of its top leaders. But the most prominent of all of the political parties in India are BJP (Bharatiya Janta Party) and the Indian National Congress.

BJP encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. Wikimedia Commons
BJP encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. Wikimedia Commons

In 1980, BJP surfaced from a former party known as Bharatiya Jana Sangh which was founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee. BJP’s agenda during the 1980s focused on the ‘Ram Janambhoomi movement’. The party encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. This issue gave the Hindu colour denomination to BJP and in 1996; it emerged as the largest party in the parliament. After being kept away from the power for long, Narendra Modi led the BJP to unprecedented heights in the last elections and the competition was put up by him was unmatchable.

On the other hand, Congress is a more matured political party of India. It got established in the year 1885. After the independence, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Nehru was the front face of the political governance in India but after his assassination, his daughter Indira Gandhi took the charge and became the prime minister in 1966. Unfortunately, Indira Gandhi also got assassinated and her son, Rajiv Gandhi took up the reigns of the party. In the sequence of assassination, Rajiv Gandhi was the next target. Sonia Gandhi came to power in 1998 and she led the party from the front in 2004 elections. This resulted in the political rule of Congress under Manmohan Singh.

After the independence, Congress head Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Wikimedia Commons
After the independence, Congress head Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Wikimedia Commons

The recent Assembly election of Gujarat was a real eye-opener for many, as the people’s right to vote was seen quite considerably y exercised. The Congress resistance in the very own fortress of Narendra Modi was a heavy blow to the Modi wave that swept the country. Although, BJP had the last laugh in the election results but the close fight Syama Prasad Mookerjee from the Congress side was appreciable. The new trend seems to be rebalancing the political scenario in India. The tussle between the BJP and Congress will definitely go down in the history of Indian politics.

Nowadays, Twitter is another playground for political parties. The rule of social media platforms has pushed Indian leaders to communicate in the same manner. It’s vividly seen that people take up to twitter to express their views and differences. Rahul Gandhi vetted his displeasure over the performance of BJP in the latest series of attacks by Rahul against Prime Minister Modi.

Last month only, Rahul Gandhi was crowned as the party head. Therefore, the state polls of 2018 will be an acid test for Rahul to prove his mettle as a leader. It will be interesting to see the new strategies that will be deployed by Congress to take an edge over their arch rivals, BJP.