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PM skips foreign policy, terrorism in I-Day speech

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New Delhi, Foreign policy was a surprising miss in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Independence Day speech on Saturday, and that too from a leader who has visited over 25 countries in just 14 months.

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In Modi’s nearly 83-minute speech, there was none of the customary mention of India’s neighbours, especially Pakistan, or even a reference to terrorism.

The miss was widely noticed as Modi had met his Pakistan counterpart Nawaz Sharif just over a month ago in Ufa, Russia, in a landmark move to ease tensions between the two neighbours.

The National Security Advisors – India’s Ajit Doval and Pakistan’s Sartaj Aziz – are set to meet here on August.

In contrast, President Pranab Mukherjee, in his Independence Day eve speech on Friday, gave a veiled warning to Pakistan when he referred to terrorists from “across the border”.

He said India had a policy of “zero tolerance” to terrorism and any attempt to “create mayhem will be dealt with a strong hand”.

In 2013, Modi, as the Gujarat chief minister, used the Independence Day stage to attack then prime minister Manmohan Singh for not giving any assurance to the nation on tackling Pakistan in his Red Fort speech.

At that time, Modi’s speech taunting Manmohan Singh got wide play.

Although Modi gave Pakistan a wide berth, the external affairs ministry on Friday evening took on Pakistan after its envoy here referred to Jammu and Kashmir in his country’s independence day speech.

Ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup said that “the only struggle in Jammu and Kashmir is against Pakistani-sponsored terrorism. This will be the subject of the upcoming NSA level talks”.

The Pakistani envoy, Abdul Basit, had said that Islamabad won’t abandon the “legitimate struggle for freedom” in Kashmir.

In his maiden Independence Day speech in 2014, Modi spoke about India’s foreign policy, how he believed it could be multi-dimensional and how together with SAARC neighbours India could launch a fight against poverty and South Asia could emerge as a power in the world.

Modi has visited more than 25 countries, usually clubbing three countries in one tour. Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar has praised India’s foreign policy under Modi as pro-active and marked by “greater confidence, more initiative and stronger determination”.

Modi visited countries never visited by any prime minister, like Mongolia, and some where an Indian prime minister had not set foot for decades. He goes on Sunday to the United Arab Emirates, where Indira Gandhi was the last prime minister to visit in 1981.

At the end of the first year in office, on May 26, the hectic diplomatic calendar had notched up 162 diplomatic engagements with 101 countries between Modi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Minister of State for External Affairs V.K. Singh.

For a prime minister known to virtually run the foreign office, his silence on foreign policy was a surprise to many.

(IANS)

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Is My Partner Cheating On Me? New Study Says You Can Tell By Their Voice! | Key Signs of Cheating

Still fearing infidelity? We have you covered

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cheating
Is your partner loyal? Pixabay

Pennsylvania, October 11, 2017 : Being in a relationship comes with its own set of worries and setbacks. While trust is the foundation of every relationship, it is not that easy to believe everything that your partner says or does. Do you have doubts about their intentions? Do you tumble and toss all night wondering if your partner is cheating on you? Just listen to them speak.

According to a new report published in the journal Evolutionary Psychology, you can detect infidelity by the way your partner sounds.

Researchers from the Penn State University and Albright College recently conducted an interesting experiment to trace and address the relationship between speech and infidelity.

The Research

To decode a relationship between speech and infidelity, the researchers recorded the voices of men and women reading the numbers 1 to 10. This group of people included heterosexual, unmarried individuals who were or had been in committed relationships. Half of the volunteers admitted to have had sex outside their relationships, while the other half claimed to have been loyal throughout.

Assuming that the participants were telling the truth, the volunteers now comprised a group of cheaters and non-cheaters; however, no evident distinction was made between the two groups

Next, another group of volunteers were exposed to these audio recordings who were then asked to rate the likelihood that each speakers had cheated on their partner.

Is My Partner Cheating On Me?
Here is what the research found

Shockingly, the study revealed that the volunteers were successfully able to identify the cheaters based on their voice alone.

To maintain authenticity, the researchers also manipulated the pitch of the volunteers’ samples and regardless speakers were still able to assess their infidelity.

ALSO READ Cheaters Beware : This is How the Dating App SwipeBuster is Going to Catch You in Your Game

‘These findings expand upon the idea that the human voice may be of value as a cheater detection tool and very thin slices of vocal information are all that is needed to make certain assessments about others’, the researchers said, as quoted by The Daily Mail.

What Can Voice Reveal About Cheating Partners?

While the researchers agree that they cannot specifically point out the features of the voice that leads an individual to make this assessment, they agreed that a lot can be revealed by the pitch of a person.

The experiment also found that extroverts had few silent pauses and greater voice quality, which motivated an individual to make an assessment of infidelity. According to the study, “masculine males tend to display less clarity in their speech and show phonetic patterns indicative of masculinity, which in turn could be associated with infidelity threat.”

So, you have been speaking to your partner and still haven’t found a difference in his tone or pitch. But somehow your faith in your significant other and the relationship is faltering now. And all you can wonder is,

“Is My Partner Cheating On Me?”

ALSO READ Girls, are you Looking for a Guy your Parents Would Approve? Here Are 10 Reasons why you Should give the ‘Nice’ Guys a Chance!

Still fearing infidelity? We have you covered

Key Signs That Your Partner Has Cheated

  • Staying at the office till late
  • Travelling or going for trips more often
  • Sudden increase in the use of mobile phone
  • Increased and suspicious use of social media
  • Suddenly acting distant and attributing it to ‘stress from work’
  • They will shower you with unexpected gifts and remind you that they love you, however this will not be supported with action

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“Ants Among Elephants” by Indian-Origin Author Sujatha Gidla is Creating Waves in the US

Interview with Sujatha Gidla, who recently wrote a memoir capturing the life of Dalit community in India

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Dalit Women protesting against exploitation
Dalit Women protesting against exploitation. Wikimedia
  • Many instances of discrimination and humiliation that she and her family were customarily subjected to
  • This Independence was not real independence, it was only transfer of power
  • Caste-based discrimination is uniquely cruel

New York, USA, August 27, 2017:  The nation has just celebrated Independence Day with great pomp and fervor but does this special occasion evoke similar sentiments among the Dalits living in the country? No, contends an Indian-origin author Sujatha Gidla, who was born an “untouchable” and is now creating waves in US literary circles with a provocative memoir capturing the life of her community in India.

Until recently, Sujatha Gidla was just another New Yorker, working as a conductor on the City Subway. But her recent memoir, “Ants among Elephants: : An Untouchable Family and the Making of Modern India”, which not only details her memories of growing up as a Dalit woman in India but also lists the many instances of “discrimination and humiliation” that she and her family were customarily subjected to, has thrust her into the limelight.

On how she responds to special occasions like Independence Day, the author said that, as children, they would admire iconic figures like Gandhi and Nehru, and celebrate the day but things changed gradually as they become more aware.

ALSO READ: Religious minorities, Dalits face discrimination in India: A report by US Commission on International Religious Freedom

“When I joined the RSU (Radical Students Union) we were told that (this) Independence was not real independence, that it was only transfer of power. And now we don’t feel anything because we are not made to feel that we are Indians like other Indians.

“It is the same thing in the universities where I studied. I don’t have that pride of my alma mater because we were not treated as equals. None of us have that pride, not even my mother,” Gidla told IANS in an email interview from New York.

The author further quipped that, by and large, “this is not independence” for members of her community.

“There have been many types of discrimination in various parts of the world. As far as I know, caste discrimination is uniquely cruel. There is racism in America, but I will never compare it with caste and rather say that caste is much worse.

“I will also say this: Blacks here are murdered, they have been lynched. But I have never read about another place where untouchables are fed excreta, made to drink urine and paraded naked. Even under slavery, the slave owners took care to feed their slaves in order to keep them fit to work. Untouchables in India never even had that,” Gidla said.

Sujatha Gidla reiterated that untouchability is neither a religious nor a cultural problem. It is rather a social problem and that there has to be “some sort of fundamental change”; otherwise the Dalits will “continue to suffer”.

Elaborating on the “suffering” that she repeatedly mentions in the book, Gidla said most Dalits in India, particularly those trying to fight against the caste system, live under constant duress due to verbal attacks and the threat of physical violence.

“Our neighbors in India have been actively trying to kick my mom out of her apartment. Her (upper) caste colleagues hate the fact that her daughter wrote a successful book.”

“That is the irony; we cannot even celebrate the publication of the book because we are afraid that it will make people around us unhappy. Even fellow untouchables are not posting it on social media for fear of being exposed to their colleagues and (upper) caste friends as untouchables,” she elaborated.

Also Read: Dr. Kallol Guha: Anglophonic Education will not uplift Dalits

Gidla’s grandparents converted to Christianity at the onset of the 20th century and were educated at Canadian missionary schools. She too, with the help of Canadian missionaries, studied physics at the Regional Engineering College in Warangal, in what is Telangana today. She was also a researcher in applied physics at IIT-Madras.

Gidla initially worked as a developer in software design, then moved to banking but lost her job in 2009 during the economic crisis. Finally, she took up the job of a conductor at the New York Subway.

This book, Gidla said, initially began as an investigation into the caste system but finally took the shape of a memoir as her family members also enriched its pages with their personal experiences and reflections.

So what would bring “freedom” in the true sense to Gidla and her family, as also to over 300 million Dalits in India?

“True freedom is equal access to everything in society -education, jobs, etc. When that is achieved, the prejudices will begin to disappear, but only gradually, not instantaneously. Without having equal access to economic betterment all these words about caste being an evil practice or we should treat untouchables with respect are meaningless,” she maintained.

The book has been published in the US by Farrar, Straus and Giroux, an imprint of Macmillan publishers, and is yet to hit the Indian market. (IANS)

 

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Nehru Largely Responsible for Indo-China Border Dispute

Jawaharlal Nehru was a big failure in international relations as evident from his being the pioneer in spoiling India’s relations with China and creating the Kashmir issue with Pakistan

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Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru signing the Indian constitution. Wikimedia

– by Gaurav Tyagi

New Delhi, August 19, 2017: Indian and Chinese troops are locked in a confrontation, since mid-June on a piece of territory claimed by both China and Bhutan.

This dispute is a tripartite one, involving India, China and Bhutan. The aforesaid terrain is claimed by Bhutan, which has no diplomatic ties with Beijing.

India and Bhutan have a treaty of friendship dating back to 1949. This gives India complete influence over Thimphu’s defense and foreign policy.

The stand-off appears irresolvable with India refusing to withdraw its troops back to its side of the international border and China insisting that diplomacy would only be possible once, Indian troops move back.

India’s National Security Advisor, Ajit Doval had a meeting with his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi on 27th July. It was the first high-level meeting between India and China since, the aforementioned military stand-off between these two nations, which started on 16th June.

Unfortunately, this meeting also failed to resolve the deadlock.

The Chinese accuse India of trespassing into the Chinese territory while the Indian side maintains that it just responded to Bhutan’s request for help.

ALSO READ: Hindu American Foundation (HAF) Releases Online Forms for Second Bullying Survey of Hindu American Youth

India suffered a defeat at the hands of China in the 1962 war between both these countries. This bitter memory still continues to haunt the Indian policy makers.
It’s therefore imperative to analyze the situation leading to the Indo-China battle during 1962 because one cannot face the future with confidence/clarity unless the ghosts of the past are buried.

Australian journalist, Neville Maxwell made portions of the Henderson Brooks report public by putting it on his blog in March 2014.

This report was an internal Indian army enquiry into its loss to China in the 1962 war. Maxwell was the New Delhi correspondent for ‘The Times’, London during that period.
The report was compiled by Lt. General Henderson Brooks and Brigadier P.S. Bhagat.
Successive Indian governments have refused to make the report public because it rightly proves that Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India instigated the 1962 war with China.

Indians grow up with the narrative that China attacked India in 1962. This was a trick used by Nehru to enrage public attitude in India against China.

The so called ‘McMahon line’ on the border between China and India is just an Indian claim from the legacy of British imperialism.

Britishers deceptively ensured that India, post-independence inherit a border dispute with China. They did it by moving into the Chinese territory in the Northeast during the 1940’s in spite of repeated complaints by the Chinese government in this regard.

The Chinese wanted to settle the matter of McMahon line. Zhou Enlai, the first Premier of the People’s Republic of China visited India in 1960 asking for an agreement on the McMahon line but due to Nehru’s rigid and illogical stand, no agreement on this issue could take place.

Nehru refused to negotiate with the Chinese. His adamant stand was; “We will decide where the boundary is. It’s not negotiable. Chinese have to accept”.
The Henderson Brooks report clearly mentions that the absurd ‘forward policy’ of Nehru, directing Indian troops to patrol; ‘show the Indian flag’ and establish posts as ‘far forward as possible’ from the existing positions resulted in the Indo-China war of 1962.

BJP also blamed Nehru for the 1962 fiasco. A prominent leader of BJP, Ravi Shankar Prasad in March 2014 asked for the Henderson Brooks report to be made public. BJP under the leadership of Modi won the 2014 parliamentary elections with overwhelming majority.

Modi government is not dependent on any other political party for its survival in the Indian Parliament. Modi must therefore, take decisions, which are in national interest rather than trying to preserve the falsely created lofty image of Nehru.

ALSO READ: Challenges to the Narendra Modi government before the Upcoming 2019 Elections

Past Congress governments in India didn’t do anything in this regard since, Congress party comprises of only sycophants of Nehru clan. They do not have the guts to criticize Nehru and his failed policies.

Modi should make the Henderson Brooks report public and lift the ban imposed on Neville Maxwell’s book; ‘India’s China War’ imposed by the erstwhile Congress government to safeguard the reputation of Nehru in the eyes of the Indian public.

This would go a long way in initiating a meaningful dialogue between India and China resulting in the final resolution of the border dispute to the satisfaction of both nations.
National boundary negotiations are easy, if both sides meet with an open-minded ‘give and take’ attitude. It’s an historical opportunity for Modi to leave his mark on the ‘sands of time’ as the boldest Indian PM, who courageously corrected the blunder committed by Nehru.

– The author is a Master Degree holder in International Tourism & Leisure Studies from Netherlands and is based in China.