Sunday December 17, 2017

Premature birth can be controlled by a Diabetes drug

The early-stage study, based on results from mice bred to be prone to premature birth, was published online in JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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Diabetes drug can help in blocking premature births. Image Source: daily-sun.com
  • The early-stage study, based on results from mice bred to be prone to premature birth, was published online in JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation
  • The mice treated with metformin went on to have full term births, the findings showed
  • Metformin appears to be a potentially safer alternative that works along the same molecular pathway, Dey said

A drug used by millions of people as the frontline treatment for Type-2 diabetes, may also play an unexpected role in blocking a significant cause of preterm birth, say researchers including one of Indian-origin.

“This proof-of-concept study illuminates a potential mechanism behind preterm birth,” said senior author of the study Sudhansu K. Dey, Director of the Division of Reproductive Sciences at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio, US.

Premature baby. Image Source: www.todaysparent.com
Premature baby. Image Source: www.todaysparent.com

“It also demonstrates possible remedies that are already approved for human use,” Dey noted. The early-stage study, based on results from mice bred to be prone to premature birth, was published online in JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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The study is important for two reasons, according to the researchers. First, it details a little understood molecular pathway that can lead to premature birth by disrupting the function of the decidua – a thick membrane that lines the uterus and supports the continued growth of developing foetuses.

Mice treated with Metformin. Image Source: www.medpagetoday.com
Mice treated with Metformin. Image Source: www.medpagetoday.com

Second, the researchers demonstrated – in mice — two successful methods for restoring the lining’s function and achieving healthy, full term births. The study involved analysing mice bred to have a condition known to make pregnancies more likely to end in premature birth.

The mice treated with metformin went on to have full term births, the findings showed.

The team also reported similar – but less effective – results when treating mice with resveratrol, an anti-oxidant and anti-aging dietary supplement made from grape seed extract.

Sudhansu K. Dey, Director of the Division of Reproductive Sciences. Image Source: www.cincinnatichildrens.org
Sudhansu K. Dey, Director of the Division of Reproductive Sciences. Image Source: www.cincinnatichildrens.org

In previous studies, Dey and colleagues discovered that rapamycin, an immune suppressing agent, showed promise in mice at preventing preterm birth. However, that medication may be risky for use in pregnant women.

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Metformin appears to be a potentially safer alternative that works along the same molecular pathway, Dey said. Preterm birth can be caused by many factors. It remains unclear how many preterm births are triggered by early decidual ageing, but Dey said it could be a significant number.

Metformin. Image Source: www.canadianpharmacy365.net
Metformin. Image Source: www.canadianpharmacy365.net

The process of preparing and conducting human clinical trials to further test the medications could take several years. (IANS)

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  • Rhonda

    In June of 2015, it was discovered that I had type 2 diabetes, By the end of the month, I was given a prescription for Metformin, I stated the ADA diet and followed it completely for several weeks but was unable to get my blood sugar below 140, With no results to how for my hard work, I panicked and called my doctor,His response? Deal with it. I began to feel that something wasn’t right and do my own research. Then I found Rachel’s blog (google ” HOW I FREED MYSELF FROM THE DIABETES ” ) ,I read it from cover to cover and I started the diet and by the next morning, my blood sugar was 100, Since then, I have a fasting reading between the mid 70s and 80s. My doctor was so surprised at the results that,the next week, he took me off the Metformin,I lost 30 pounds in the first month and lost more than 6 inches off my waist and I’m able to work out twice a day while still having lots of energy, The truth i.e can get off the drugs and help myself by trying natural methods。

  • Rhonda

    In June of 2015, it was discovered that I had type 2 diabetes, By the end of the month, I was given a prescription for Metformin, I stated the ADA diet and followed it completely for several weeks but was unable to get my blood sugar below 140, With no results to how for my hard work, I panicked and called my doctor,His response? Deal with it. I began to feel that something wasn’t right and do my own research. Then I found Rachel’s blog (google ” HOW I FREED MYSELF FROM THE DIABETES ” ) ,I read it from cover to cover and I started the diet and by the next morning, my blood sugar was 100, Since then, I have a fasting reading between the mid 70s and 80s. My doctor was so surprised at the results that,the next week, he took me off the Metformin,I lost 30 pounds in the first month and lost more than 6 inches off my waist and I’m able to work out twice a day while still having lots of energy, The truth i.e can get off the drugs and help myself by trying natural methods。

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Kidney disease may increase the risk of Diabetes: says a study

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Kidney disease may increase the risk of diabetes.
Kidney disease may increase the risk of diabetes. IANS

New York, Dec 12: If you are suffering from kidney dysfunction, you may be at high risk of developing diabetes, finds a study.

The risk may be attributed to the rising level of urea — the nitrogen-containing waste product in blood, which comes from the breakdown of protein in foods.

Kidneys normally remove urea from the blood, but it can build up when kidney function slows down, resulting in greater insulin resistance as well as secretion in the body.

“We have known for a long time that diabetes is a major risk factor for kidney disease, but now we have a better understanding that kidney disease, through elevated levels of urea, also raises the risk of diabetes,” said the Ziyad Al-Aly, Assistant Professor at the Washington University in St. Louis.

“When urea builds up in the blood because of kidney dysfunction, it often results in increased insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion,” Ziyad added.

The findings, published in the journal Kidney International, are significant because urea levels can be lowered through medication, diet — for example, by eating less protein — and other means, thereby allowing for improved treatment and possible prevention of diabetes, the researchers said.

For the study, the team evaluated the records of 1.3 million adults without diabetes over a five-year period, beginning in 2003.

Out of these, 117,000 of those without diabetes — or 9 per cent — had elevated urea levels, signalling poor kidney function and were at 23 per cent higher risk of developing diabetes. (IANS)

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Intake of Coffee can Reduce the risk of Death for Kidney Patients

Drinking Coffee may increase the lifespan of patients with chronic kidney disease.

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Drinking Coffee reduces mortality in Kidney patients
Drinking Coffee reduces mortality in Kidney patients. Pixabay
  • Want to live longer? Charge up on your cup of coffee. According to a study, caffeine consumption may prolong the lifespan of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Drinking coffee can Reduce mortality 

The findings showed a dose-dependent inverse association between caffeine and all-cause mortality.

People who had the highest intake of coffee had 24 percent lower risks of dying, while those in the second, third quartile of caffeine consumption had 12 percent and 22 percent lower risk.

“These results suggest that advising patients with CKD to drink more caffeine may reduce their mortality. This would represent a simple, clinically beneficial, and inexpensive option,” said Miguel Bigotte Vieira from Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, in Portugal.

However, “this benefit should ideally be confirmed in a randomised clinical trial”, Vieira added.

For the study, the team examined the association of caffeine consumption with mortality among 2328 patients with CKD. The results will be presented at the ongoing ASN Kidney Week 2017 in New Orleans.

Moreover, this observational study cannot prove that drinking coffee reduces the risk of death in patients with CKD, but only suggests the possibility of such a protective effect, Vieira stressed.

Drinking coffee can also reduce diabetes risk, revealed a reported in the American Chemical Society Journal of Natural Products.(IANS)

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Health Benefits of eating more Whole Grains

Having a whole grain diet helps lose weight, as compared to refined grains -- rich in starch, gluten and devoid of natural fiber.

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Whole grains
Whole grains.Pixabay
  • Regularly consuming whole grain foods such as barley, brown rice, millet, oatmeal and rye may help lose weight
  • It also decreases the risk of heart disease and diabetes, a study has claimed.

Why should you eat more whole grains? Here is all you need to know

The findings showed that study participants who ate whole grains had less inflammation, particularly in overweight people, which increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Further, participants were also found to eat less when whole grain products were on the menu because whole grain consumption causes satiety.

Importantly, having a whole grain diet helps lose weight, as compared to refined grains — rich in starch, gluten and devoid of natural fiber.

“Our analysis confirmed that there is a sound scientific basis for the dietary recommendation to eat whole grains. This may particularly apply to people who are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes,” said Tine Rask Licht, professor at the Technical University of Denmark.

Additionally, the researchers used DNA sequencing to analyze stool samples from the participants in order to examine whether the different diet types affected the participants’ gut bacteria composition.

Overall, the analysis did not show major effects of the dietary grain products on the composition of the lose weight.

“However, even though the analysis did not reveal significant changes in the average gut microbiota after whole grain consumption, it may well be that the individual components of our gut microbes has an impact on the individual reaction of our body to dietary whole grains,” Licht explained.

For the study, described in the journal Gut, the team included adults at risk of developing cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes. The participants were divided randomly into two groups, with whole grain diet and refined varieties for eight weeks.(IANS)