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President’s rule imposed in Uttarakhand

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Image source: www.wedio.in

Uttarakhand: With reports of Uttarakhand assembly Speaker Govind Kunjwal disqualifying nine rebel Congress MLAs emerged on Saturday night, President Pranab Mukherjee dismissed the Congress government headed by Harish Rawat and placed the assembly under suspended animation on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet.

The imposition of President’s rule in the state has brought the focus back on Article 356 of the Constitution – used and misused for decades by successive governments irrespective of their political ideology.

According to Article 356, President’s rule can be imposed in a state if a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Breakdown of constitutional machinery

The expression “breakdown of constitutional machinery” has not been defined in the Constitution. It can happen due to political reasons such as hung assembly, the government losing majority in the assembly, failure of any political grouping to form a government, defections and break-up of coalition or because of insurgency etc. Whatever may be the reason, the President has to be satisfied about of breakdown of constitutional machinery in the state.

Governor’s report or otherwise

Generally, the governor sends a report in this regard to the Centre and it’s his/her report that forms the basis for the Union Cabinet’s recommendation to the President for invoking Article 356 to impose President’s rule.

However, the provision also says that the President can take such a decision even “otherwise” (i.e. even in the absence of governor’s report). But in any case, the President has to be satisfied that the constitutional machinery has broken down in the state.

Governor’s discretion

While sending a report to the Centre, the governor is not supposed to go by the advice of the state cabinet and is exercises his or her own discretion. On the contrary, the President has to go by the advice of the Union Cabinet. But he can seek clarifications from the council of ministers.

Implications of President’s rule

Once President’s rule is imposed, the assembly ceases to function and the state comes under the Central government’s direct control. The assembly is generally kept in suspended animation. The powers of the state assembly become exercisable by or under the authority of Parliament. The executive power shifts from the council of ministers to the governor.

Once imposed, President’s rule must be approved by Parliament within a period of two months. It can’t last for more than six months unless its extension is approved by Parliament.

SR Bommai case

In the SR Bommai case, the Supreme Court ruled in 1994 that courts can’t question the Union Cabinet’s advice to the President but they can question the material behind the satisfaction of the President regarding breakdown of constitutional machinery. It also said that the use of Article 356 was justified only when there was a breakdown of constitutional machinery and not that of administrative machinery.

Bihar assembly dissolution case

The Supreme Court in January 2006 declared the dissolution of the Bihar assembly as null and void in the Buta Singh case. It held that the governor’s report could not be taken at face value and must be verified by the council of ministers before being used as the basis for imposing President’s rule. The “drastic and extreme action under Article 356” cannot be justified on whims and fancies of the governor and the council of ministers should not accept it as “gospel truth”.

Credits: HT

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Holy Hindu Shrine Gangotri Closes for Six Months

Gangotri is part of the four shrines where the 'Chaar Dhaam' annual pilgrimage takes place in the hill state of Uttarakhand that draws millions every year.

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Gangotri
Gangotri temple. Wikimedia

Dehradun, October 20, 2017 : The gates of the Gangotri shrine in Uttarakhand were closed for a six-month winter break on Friday.

Amid fanfare and chanting of vedic hymns, locals shifted a statue of the Goddess Ganga to Mukhwa where, from Saturday, puja will be performed for the next six months. Jawans of the Mahal regiment of the Army played music during the ceremony.

Gangotri is part of the four shrines where the ‘Chaar Dhaam’ annual pilgrimage takes place in the hill state of Uttarakhand that draws millions every year.

The Kedarnath and Yamunotri shrines will be closed for the winter break from Saturday. (IANS)

 

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TLC Premiers New Season Of Duster Adventures: Thrilling Journey to the Mountain State of Uttarakhand

Shibani will cover the terrain of Uttarakhand and indulge in adventure sports like paragliding, off-roading, and cliff-jumping amongst many more

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Uttarakhand
Shibani Dandekar on a thrilling journey to the mountain state of Uttarakhand on TLC’s brand new season of DUSTER ADVENTURES

New Delhi, August 27, 2017: Starting Sunday, August 27- Join Shibani Dandekar on a thrilling journey to the mountain state of Uttarakhand on TLC’s brand new season of DUSTER ADVENTURES. Airing every Sunday at 8:30 pm, the series features Shibani on an exploration of Uttarakhand through its mountains, rivers, and plains with adventure and excitement at every step of the way.

Cruising around in a RENAULT DUSTER, Shibani will cover the terrain of Uttarakhand and indulge in adventure sports like paragliding, off-roading, and cliff-jumping amongst many more.

Join Shibani on an epic journey around Uttarakhand, on TLC’s DUSTER ADVENTURES 2, every Sunday at 8:30 PM

The 5-part series will introduce viewers to Uttarakhand’s amazing landscape, culture, people and their heart-warming stories as the host takes you on the journey of a lifetime. One of India’s youngest states, Uttarakhand lies in the lap of nature with beautiful mountains, vistas and a diversity of flora and fauna. From Nainital to Rishikesh and Ramnagar to Devprayag, the state has something for every kind of traveler.

Talking about her adventure, Shibani Dandekar said, “DUSTER ADVENTURES has been a thrilling journey that captures the essence of Uttarakhand. The series encapsulates the beauty of the state and brought me closer to nature. I am sure viewers will enjoy watching my journey as much as I enjoyed traveling across this beautiful state.”

Mr. Virat Khullar, Head of Marketing, Renault India said, “Renault Duster is a cult brand in the automotive space, like TLC is, in the realm of travel and lifestyle television, and is equated with exploration, adventure, and unmatched passion. We are young in India and Renault Duster has firmly established the Renault brand here.

When we launched Renault Duster in India, we created an all new segment in the Indian automotive industry. As a forward-looking company, we have kept Renault Duster fresh and contemporary, and it continues to be India’s preferred SUV. This association will be a thrilling journey for fans of Renault Duster and TLC, and will take the excitement to an all new high.”

Catch all the adventure with Shibani Dandekar in DUSTER ADVENTURES starting 27th August, every Sunday at 8:30 pm, only on TLC!

 

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These 5 Ancient Temples are Believed to be the Oldest in India

Indian Temples are of utmost religious value that display the plurality of the religion and its followers

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Ancient Temples
Chennakesava Temple, Karnataka. Wikimedia

July 20, 2017: Apart from the diverse culture that India has, Spirituality is considered to be the country’s heritage. The traditions and cultures associated with any religion make India more interesting for tourists. Here is a list of five oldest temples that are sure to take you on a religious roller coaster ride through their historical timeline.

Chennakesava Temple, Karnataka: Also called the Vijayanarayana Temple, the Chennakesava temple is located on the banks of the Yagachi River. The temple can be traced back to the Hoysala Period. The Vijayanagara ruler built the temple to celebrate their victory over the Cholas family. The temple was dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Most of the carvings are a tribute to Vishnu. Thus, many worshippers of Lord Vishnu visit the temple. The temple is also a part of the UNESCO Heritage List.

Ancient Temples
Brahma Temple, Rajasthan. Wikimedia

Brahma Temple, Rajasthan: According to a story by Sage Vishwamitra, the temple is 2000 years old. However, its structure dates back to the 14th-15th century. The central images in the sanctorum are of Brahma and Gayatri. The temple witnesses gatherings in large numbers on the days of the festival ‘Kartik Purnima’ which is dedicated to Lord Brahma. It is situated in Pushkar, Rajasthan.

He built the temple for his wife from Nepal who missed the sight of Kailash Mountains Click To Tweet

Kailashnath Temple, Ellora: More popularly known as the Kailash Temple, the temple was constructed around the 8th century in Ellora, Maharashtra. The temple was built under the guidance of Rashtrakuta era’s King Krishna I. He built the temple for his wife from Nepal who missed the sight of Kailash Mountains. The enormous temple is carved out of a single rock. It is the 16th cave of the 34 popular Ellora Caves. The temple is as old as the 8th century.

Ancient Temples
Kailashnath Temples, Ellora. Wikimedia

Tungnath Temple, Uttarakhand: The Tungnath temple is one of the highest situated temples (3680 meters above sea level) of the Panch Kedar, featuring among Kedarnath, Rudrnath, Kalpeshwar and Madhyamaheshwar temples. The temple is also featured in the Ramayana where Lord Ram is believed to have meditated when he detached himself from the curse of Brahmahatya. The temple is so small that only 10 people can fit in together at a time. It is the highest temple of Lord Shiva in the world. If the stories are to be believed, the temple was built by the Pandavas who built the temple as an apology to Lord Shiva. The temple was built out of the Black Rock.

Ancient Temples
Tungnath Temple. Wikimedia

ALSO READ: Ancient Chennakesava Temple Completes 900 Years

Dilwara Temples, Rajasthan: Situated in Mount Abu, Rajasthan- there are five Dilwara temples in total. The stunning use of marble is a huge attraction for the visitors. The five temples were built between 11th-13th century. They are also known as the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage sites in the world. To transport the huge blocks of stones, Elephants were used in those days.

Ancient Temples
Dilwara Temples, Rajasthan. Wikimedia

– by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394