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Prevention of 3 lakh diabetes cases possible by cutting sugar in fizzy drinks: Lancet

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Washington: A significant study revealed that by cutting sugar in sweetened drinks by 40 percent, over three lakh obesity-related Type 2 diabetes can be prevented.

An average reduction in energy intake of 38.4 kcal (calories) per day by the end of the fifth year will lead to an average body weight decrease of 1.20 kg in adults, leading to a reduction in overweight and obese adults by approximately 0.5 million and 1.0 million, respectively, researchers have found.

This would, in turn, prevent 274,000-309,000 obesity-related Type 2 diabetes over the next two decades.

If fruit juices were excluded from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), the corresponding reduction in energy intake and body weight would be 31.0 kcal/day and 0.96 kg, respectively.

“This would result in a 0.3 million cases reduction in overweight and a 0.8 million cases reduction in obesity, which would, in turn, prevent around 221,000-250,000 diabetes cases over two decades,” the study noted.

The study, published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, was led by Professor Graham MacGregor, who chairs the Action for Sugar group.

The impact was greater in adolescents, young adults and individuals from low-income families who consume more sugary drinks.

According to the authors, the strategy, if adopted would lead to an extensive reduction in energy intake from sugar-sweetened beverages and could, therefore, lower the predominance of overweight, obesity, and Type 2 diabetes in the long term.

“The findings provide strong support for the implementation of the proposed strategy,” they added.

They conclude that “individuals should also reduce their consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in the long term, but this can be difficult because of the advertising power of industry”.

“Our proposed strategy provides an innovative and practical way to gradually reduce energy intake from sugar-sweetened beverages and its combination with other strategies, including a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, would produce a more powerful effect,” they noted.

Dr Tim Lobstein, director of Policy, World Obesity Federation London wrote in a linked comment piece that the study has proved to be extremely essential to policymakers. (IANS)

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Beware! Tobacco, Poor Diet, and Mental Disorders are Leading Causes of Poor Health and you may be at Risk too!

According to a new study, deaths from noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes have caused 72 percent of all deaths worldwide

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poor health
A heavyset man rests on a bench in Jackson, Miss. (VOA)

London, September 15, 2017 : Heart disease and tobacco ranked with conflict and violence among the world’s leading cause of poor health and the biggest killers in 2016, while poor diets and mental disorders caused people the greatest poor health, a large international study has found.

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, published in The Lancet medical journal, found that while life expectancy is increasing, so too are the years people live in poor health. The proportion of life spent being ill is higher in poor countries than in wealthy ones.

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“Death is a powerful motivator, both for individuals and for countries, to address diseases that have been killing us at high rates. But we’ve been much less motivated to address issues leading to illnesses,” said Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, which led the study.

He said a “triad of troubles” — obesity, conflict and mental illness — is emerging as a “stubborn and persistent barrier to active and vigorous lifestyles.”

Diet critical

The IHME-led study, involving more than 2,500 researchers in about 130 countries, found that in 2016, poor diet was associated with nearly one in five deaths worldwide. Tobacco smoking killed 7.1 million people.

ALSO READ Ban on E-Cigarettes May Increase the Risk on the Public Health in India, Warn Experts

Diets low in whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds, fish oils and high in salt were the most common risk factors, contributing to cases of obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and high cholesterol.

The study found that deaths from firearms, conflict and terrorism have increased globally, and that noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes caused 72 percent of all deaths worldwide.

Heart disease was the leading cause of premature death in most regions and killed 9.48 million people globally in 2016.

ALSO READ Eat According to Your Blood Type and See the Benefits Yourself!

Mental illness was found to take a heavy toll on individuals and societies, with 1.1 billion people living with psychological or psychiatric disorders and substance abuse problems in 2016.

Major depressive disorders ranked in the top 10 causes of ill health in all but four countries worldwide.

The GBD is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation global health charity and gives data estimates on 330 diseases, causes of death and injuries in 195 countries and territories. (VOA)

 

 

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Consumption of Dairy Products Changed the Shape of Human Skull: Study

We all know milk makes our bones stronger. But a new study suggests that the consumption of milk and other dairy products did not make skulls of our ancestors stronger or bigger. Read on to know how!

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Human Skull
The diet consumed during one's growing years has a major impact on our bones, jaws and even the face structure. Pixabay.
  • According to a new study, change in Human skull structure could be due to the consumption of a specific diet
  • Researchers believe the practice of chewing altered face structures
  • Skull morphology also varies between people of different genders

New York, August 25, 2017: Do you belong to the category of people who read the label on every food item they purchase? Do you count your calories and keep an account of your daily calorie consumption? Are you the person who religiously reads articles on health and nutrition on the internet? Even if not, this article is going to take you by surprise. What if we tell you that an individual’s diet alters the construction of the human skull?

Having processed food that lacks several important nutrients exposes us to an increased risk of various medical problems like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc. However, recent studies have found that the diet you consume, particularly in your growing years, has a major impact on the development of your bones, jaws and even the face structure/human skull!

ALSO READ: Evolution of Human Proboscis: Nose Shape Influenced by Local Climate, say Researchers

A team comprising of David Katz, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Calgary, Professor Tim Weaver and statistician Mark Gote from the University of California-Davis accessed a collection of 559 crania and 534 lower jaws (skull bones) from different corners of the world that ranged from more than a two dozen population from the pre-industrial era. These bones were then studied to analyze the influence that the diet consumed had on the form, size and shape of the human skull during the time man shifted to consumption of agricultural products.

The research found that the advent of farming practices, especially the consumption of dairy products significantly affected the shape of human skull.

The researchers observed modest changes in human skull morphology for groups that were dependent on cereals, dairy, or a combination of the two. This effect was more evident in populations suspected to consume softer foods like cheese.

According to Katz, for the early farmers of the time, “milk did not make for bigger, stronger skull bones.”

Katz found that the primary difference between the skulls of a hunter-gatherer and that of a farmer “are where we would expect to find them, and change in ways we might expect them to.” This he believes, could happen if the demand of chewing decreased within the farming groups.

According to the study, different foods determined how often or how hard one had to chew. The constant movement of the bones in order to properly chew food is what is believed to have altered the shape.

Chewing on hard foods activates bone cells which promote the growth of strong and big jaws. Alternatively, consumption of softer foods like dairy products led to people having smaller jaws with tooth-crowding.

Apart from dietary consumption, the researches claim human skull morphology was also altered by the gender of the people, or between individuals who consumed the same diet but were from different populations.

The study has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


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Eat According to Your Blood Type and See the Benefits Yourself!

When was the last time you thought about your blood type? Probably when you were thinking about donating blood. But what if we told you it should be of primary concern when deciding about your diet?

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Ayurvedic diet tips
Looking for a lifestyle shift? Try the Ayurvedic diet and see the benefits for yourself! Pixabay
  • Researches assert that blood group affects our health and well-being
  • Blood Type Diet focuses on the consumption of specific foods that aid bodily functions
  • Staying active, regular exercise and the right food consumption are key to a healthy lifestyle

New Delhi, August 24, 2017 : Exhausted after meager activity? Are you tired of your dull face? Do you suffer from recurring diseases? Are you trying to lose weight? Do you want to adopt a healthier lifestyle? You can change your diet, or begin a new work out. But there is nothing that you can possibly do to change your blood type. Wondering what is the connection between a healthy life and your blood type?

Various studies assert that our blood group is the primary genetic factor that affects our health and well-being to a large extent.

If your friend is having troubles gaining weight, while you struggle to lose some of it despite a healthy diet and regular exercise, it may be because of your blood type. Alternatively, it also interacts with our immune system altering our risk for several common diseases. According to the blood type, mood swings and temperament of the person may also fluctuate and vary between individuals.

How Does Blood Type Affect Our Health And Body

Determines susceptibility to specific diseases 

According to researches, people with certain blood groups are at a higher risk of some diseases. For example, individuals with blood type O are understood to be at a high risk of stomach ulcers but at a lower risk of heart diseases and blood type A is believed to have higher risk of microbial infections.

  • Reaction to stress

People with type O blood tend to overproduce adrenaline as a reaction to stress. Thus, they take longer to recompose following a stressful situation as they take a while to clear the adrenaline from their bodies.

  • Influence on gut bacteria

Different types gut bacteria are known to have been found in people of different blood types. For example, the micro-biome present in individuals with blood type A break down carbohydrates more efficiently than those with blood type O, who store carbs as fats in their bodies.

ALSO READ: Should we revive ancestral dietary lifestyle for good health?

Food fads are just that, fads. They come and go. Not everybody has the same primary nutritional requirement.

Deepika Dua Arora, a Dietitian at Mutation Diet Clinic, Gurugram asserts the complementary relationship between one’s blood group and the nutritional aspect. According to her, the blood group diet allows us to keep in check our hereditary medical troubles like cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, etc.

What Is Blood Type Diet?

The Blood Type Diet focuses on the consumption of specific foods that aid bodily functions like allow better digestion, increase the body’s energy level, prevent illnesses and diseases and additionally help lose weight.

blood type
A combination of healthy food and right exercise is necessary for a healthy body and mind. Pixabay

Dietitians strictly stress the importance of Rh factor while planning diets.

Rhesus factor is a category of protein present on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs). Individuals with Rhesus factor are Rh positive while those who lack the compound are Rh negative.

Rh factor plays an important role in diets as individuals with Rh negative blood type are more prone to lgE allergies than Rh positive.

Rh negative reacts with multiple foods like nuts, beans eggs among other things, thus, their diets must be planned accordingly. Individuals with Rh negative blood groups should consume more starch like brown sugar, poha, wheat burger, etc.

Right Food For Your Blood Type

An important concept to understand is that not everybody has the same primary nutritional requirement. In addition to this, there are several nutrients that are not absorbed by specific blood groups. Together, this can give rise to serious health problems. Thus, it is recommended to have food that is complimentary to one’s blood type.

We provide you with a list of foods that are great for specific blood types,

Blood Group: O

Garlic, Ginger, Lettuce, Broccoli, Okra, Onions, Turnip, Cherries, Plums, Figs, Berries (Raspberries, Cranberries, Gooseberries)

Individuals with blood type should consume more fermented foods – sandwich, dhokla, dosa, etc. Additionally, a good quantity of animal protein can also be consumed- – egg whites, fish, chicken.

  • Blood Group: A

Rice, Oats, Pasta, Pumpkin, Peanuts, Apricots, Figs, Lemons, Raisins,

Individuals with this blood type should consume more of wheat and roughage based vegetarian food- wheat bran, brown rice, brown poha, soya, besan chilla etc. They should avoid animal protein as it can prove to be unsuitable for them.

Blood type
Wheat and roughage based vegetarian food are good for people with type A blood. Pixabay

  • Blood Group: B

Green vegetables, Eggs, Low-fat dairy.

Individuals with this blood type should consume more milk products and animal proteins, however, wheat does not suit them much – paneer, eggs, fish, oat meal, and oat bran.

  • Blood Group: AB

Seafood, Yoghurt, Tofu, Goat Milk, Egg, Walnuts, Millets, Oats, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Beets, Cucumber, Plums, Berries.

Individuals with this blood type should consume combination foods that can prove to be extremely beneficial – rice + daal, chapati + daal, khichdi, dalia, brown rice (pulav) etc.

ALSO READ: Adopting these Ancient Food Practices Will Help You to Live a Healthy Life

Foods To Avoid According To Your Blood Type

As has been stressed repeatedly, consuming the right food helps prevent and cure chronic illnesses and certain diseases. It not only good for the body but for the soul, too.

This brings to light the need to avoid foods that are not compatible with your blood type in order to avoid health problems, weight issues, and stress.

  • Blood Group: O

Spinach, cabbage, eggplant, mushrooms, oranges, kiwi, strawberry coconut, green peas, peanut butter

Consumption of wheat starches is not good for individuals with this blood type.

  • Blood Group: A

Banana, coconut, cashew, papaya, pistachios, beer

Individuals with this blood type should avoid animal foods- chicken, fish, eggs. Additionally, oats are also not good for them.

Blood group
Oats and bananas are not suitable for individuals with blood group A. Pixabay

  • Blood Group: B

Corn, tomatoes, sesame seeds, peanuts

Individuals with this blood type should also avoid oats and animal foods- chicken, fish, eggs

  • Blood Group: AB

Whole milk, caffeine, alcohol, black tea, corn, coconut, mangoes, bananas

Individuals with this blood type must not starve themselves as the gap in between meals is not healthy for them.

4 Rules To A Healthier Life 

  1. Break the myth that one needs to have three meals in a day. Always have small, healthy meals throughout the day at regular intervals. This will manage insulin levels, keep hunger in check and supplement the body with a constant source of energy.
  2. Do not confuse thirst with hunger. This can add a few extra, unnecessary calories which might be difficult to be digested and processed by the body.
  3. Always read the label on food products. Calculate the calorie information provided to accommodate the product into your calorie allowance while on a weight loss schedule.
  4. If you think only food is going to lead you to a healthier life, you need to think again. Staying active and regular exercise are key to a healthy lifestyle.

 


 

NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt.
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