Wednesday May 23, 2018

Reforming healthcare system: AAP government to set up patient welfare committees in Delhi hospitals

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By Newsgram Staff Writer

To deal with the public grievances on various health and medical issues, Arvind Kejriwal led Aam Aadmi Party today announced plans to set up patient welfare committees at all government hospitals in Delhi.

Under this plan,  there will be 38 such committees in the government hospitals which will be headed by the local MLAs of the area. The representatives of the public will get an office space in the hospital premises to address the concerns of the patients.

Elaborating on how these welfare groups will benefit the people, the state Health Minister Satyendra Jain said,” The role of the committees will be to deal with day to day public grievances and resolve these issues at local level. Decisions on issues like lack of medicines, cleanliness and treatment will be taken on the spot by these committees.”

The patient welfare committees will ensure community participation and monitor functioning of health care facilities, the minister said.

The Health Minister also announced the plans of setting up 10 district committees to monitor the condition of dispensaries and other health programmes in the national capital.

“These district committees will ensure that the dispensaries across the city have all the essential medicines and cater to the medical needs of the public,” Jain said, and added that these groups will also look after the health programmes launched for public welfare in the city.

Talking about the state government’s immunization programme, Jain said that Delhi government has given de-worming medicines to 35 lakh students (1 to 19-years of age) under the immunization programme called Indradhanush Kawach.

“This immunization programme is being held in all parts of the city and the idea is to strengthen it in the coming months. This month we held it at 700-800 centers but we plan to take this number to 1,000. Our target is that 100 per cent kids of the city are immunized,” Jain said.

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Severity of Diarrhoea is Affected by the Blood Types

Enterotoxigenic E. coli are responsible for millions of cases of diarrhoea and hundreds of thousands of deaths every year, mainly of young children.

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More than eight of 10 (81 per cent) blood group A people developed diarrhoea that required treatment, as compared with about half of people with blood group B or O.
Advancements in the medical field. Pixabay.

A bacteria associated with travellers’ diarrhoea and children in underdeveloped areas of the world causes more severe disease in people with blood type A but not blood type O or B, finds a study.

Enterotoxigenic E. coli are responsible for millions of cases of diarrhoea and hundreds of thousands of deaths every year, mainly of young children.
Types of Blood. Pixabay.

Enterotoxigenic E. coli are responsible for millions of cases of diarrhoea and hundreds of thousands of deaths every year, mainly of young children.

The bacteria release a protein that latches onto intestinal cells in people with blood type A, but not blood type O or B.

A vaccine targeting that protein could potentially protect people with type A blood against the deadliest effects of enterotoxigenic E. coli (Escherichia coli) infection.

“We think this protein is responsible for this blood-group difference in disease severity,” said James Fleckenstein, Associate Professor at the Washington University in St. Louis.

“A vaccine targeting this protein would potentially protect the individuals at highest risk for severe disease.”

For the study, published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, the team gave healthy volunteers a dose of an E. coli strain originally isolated from a person in Bangladesh with severe, cholera-like diarrhoea.

They observed the volunteers for five days and obtained data and blood samples from over 100 people and found that people with blood type A got sick sooner and more seriously than those of other blood types.

More than eight of 10 (81 per cent) blood group A people developed diarrhoea that required treatment, as compared with about half of people with blood group B or O.

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The researchers also found that the bacteria produce a specific protein that sticks to A-type sugars – but not B or O-type sugars – on intestinal cells.

Since the protein also sticks to E. coli, it effectively fastens the bacteria to the intestinal wall, making it easy for them to deliver diarrhoea-causing toxins to intestinal cells.

The effect of blood group in people infected with this strain of E. coli was striking and significant, but it doesn’t mean people should change their behaviour based on blood type, the researchers said. IANS.

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