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Shaw: India needs to up its game in Science and Technology

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Bengaluru: Biocon chairperson Kiran Mazumdar Shaw stated on Tuesday that India continues to be a sub-optimal country when it comes to investing in the science and technology sector.

Biocon Limited is an Indian bio-pharmaceutical company based in Bangalore, India headed by Indian entrepreneur Kiran Mazumdar Shaw. Shaw was awarded the Othmer Gold Medal for her outstanding contributions to the progress of science and chemistry in 2014.

“Amongst all the countries who invest in science and technology, we are at a sub-optimal level,” said Shaw at Bangalore India Bio.

Referring to South Korea, which is leading investments in science and technology, she said: “I think India needs to basically up its game in science and technology through greater investments.”

She requested the government to increase science and technology investments as it is the future of India.

According to the Biocon chairperson, India needs to invest $5 billion in biotechnology to achieve the target of growing the sector to $100 billion by 2025.

“Today biotechnology is a $11 billion sector, growing at a compounded annual growth rate of 20 percent. We also are aspiring to be a $100 billion sector by 2025,” she said.

Addressing the 16th edition of Bangalore India Bio, Union Science and Technology Minister Harsh Vardhan said: “A lot has been achieved in this field in the last 30 years. Bangalore is not only the hub of bio-tech, it is also the destination of all scientists in India. It is the science hub for India.”

He said the government allotted Rs 10,000 to support entrepreneurs and startups in biotechnology.

Scheduled from February 9-11, Bangalore India Bio will cover a spectrum of activities which include an international trade show, keynote talks and multi-track conferences among others.

As many as 25 sessions featuring 110 speakers will deliberate on topics like making tomorrow’s medicine, oncology and precision medicine, rare diseases and orphan drugs, agribiotechnology, synthetic bio-fuels and others. (IANS)

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Baby Survives 123 Days in Brain Dead Mother’s Womb in Portugal: Science Attached to Music and our Brains

The baby in the womb of the brain dead mother can be delivered if the body is kept alive or functioning

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pregnant
The findings if a new study by MIT researchers could offer a possible way to reduce the risk of autism.
  • A baby can still make it to the world after the mother has been pronounced brain dead
  • To keep the body functioning requires continuous medical support
  • Essential hormones and nutrients must be supplied to the body of the brain dead mother

New Delhi, July 28, 2017: Twins in the womb of a brain-dead mother making it to the world, sounds no less than a miracle. A case in which the body of the mother was kept alive as a ‘living incubator’ and after 123 days, 2 babies were born in Lisbon, Portugal, confirms its possibility.

Sandra was pronounced brain dead after a heart attack. She was at that time 17 weeks pregnant, and it was presumed that the baby had also died. However, when the doctors in the intensive care unit, detected signs of life, they decided to consult the family on whether to keep Sandra’s body functioning, in an attempt to deliver the baby alive.

“Following the opinion of the ethics committee and clinical management of that hospital, and a concerted decision by the mother’s family and the paternal family of the child, it was agreed to maintain the pregnancy up to 32 weeks in order to ensure the viability of the foetus,” a statement by the hospital, mentioned The Telegraph report.

ALSO READ: ‘Science Fiction’ Cancer Therapy helps to fight people with deadly Brain Tumors: Study

Sandra’s body was supplied essential hormones through tubes, which were also used to feed her and keep her breathing. The staff members and doctors at Lisbon’s San Jose Hospital used to sing songs to the unborn babies and touch the belly of the dead mother which happened to have worked wonders.

In a more recent case, in Brazil, a brain dead mother successfully gave birth to twins after the doctor managed to keep her alive for 123 days. The case tops any other reported instances of fetuses surviving in the womb of the brain dead mother.

Frankielen da Silva Zampoli Padilha, 21, died during pregnancy in October last year after suffering a stroke. In February, this year, her twins arrived in this world. Frankielen’s body was also kept alive to save her unborn children.

The procedure of bringing the unborn in the womb of a brain dead mother, to the world, is indeed complicated. Maintaining pressure, oxygenation, continuous nutrition, hormonal balance etc, requires the continuous support of medication. The blood pressure, blood flow needs to be constantly scrutinized as well.

But this, after all, can be considered as a mother’s last gift to her child!

-prepared by Samiksha Goel of NewsGram. Twitter @goel_samiksha

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Landmark Achievement: 6 Astronomers from India Discover Giant Radio Galaxies (GRGs)

A team of 6 astronomers from India have reportedly discovered Giant Radio Galaxies (GRGs) which are the largest known galaxies in the universe

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Giant Radio Galaxies
Out of total known galaxies, only 300 have been classifies as Giant Radio Galaxies. Wikimedia
  • Six astronomers from India have recently discovered the largest galaxies known to the universe, called Giant Radio Galaxies (GRGs)
  • Only 300 out of total number of galaxies are classified as Giang Radio Galaxies
  • The research was successful taking into account the research of last 6 decades of radio astronomy

July 06, 2017: A team of six astronomers from India has made a landmark discovery. Using the research from last six decades of radio astronomy and a 20-year-old survey, the team has detected the existence of Giant Radio Galaxies (GRGs).

Giant Radio Galaxies are known to be the largest galaxies in the universe. The reason for their large size is unknown as of now. As one of the lead researcher, Pratik Dabhade from Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), explains in the study, “The huge size of GRGs has defied any theoretical explanation so far. Our work will help in understanding how these galaxies grow to be so large.”

The other researchers also involved include Joydeep Bagchi (IUCAA), Mamta Pommier (CNRS Observatoire de Lyon), Madhuri Gaikwad (Max Planck Institute Bonn), Shishir Sankhyayan (IISER Pune) and Somak Raychaudhary (IUCAA).

Also Read: “Do not Stand and Drink Water”: Here is Why it is often said so

Their research has been published in Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The Giant Radio Galaxies are found co-existing with a supermassive black hole at the core of center of the nucleus. High energy particles are discharged at the speed of light which emerges into two giant radio lobes.

The Giant Radio Galaxies are known to be the last stage of evolution of galaxies, mainly because of their massive size. However, these galaxies are visible only through radio telescopes.

– by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394

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Science cannot be at the expense of Culture: Here is Why!

Presently, the direct scientific solutions that are proposed to battle the ever evolving health epidemics and new age food-crisis, pose against the weight of thousand years of our cultural identity

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Food and human health. Pixabay
  • New solutions must be developed to face the yet-to-arrive challenges regarding food and health
  • The human traditions and human culture need to reconsider the methods of incorporating the scientific solutions into our daily living

June 16, 2017: Science and the society have to join hands and come forward together in order to resolve the issues that are related to health and food, scientist and health expert have stated. New solutions must be developed to face the yet-to-arrive challenges regarding food and health.

ALSO READ: Biofortification: Combat World Hunger Crisis by breeding nutrient-packed Crops that will fill Stomachs and lessen Effects of Malnutrition

About the culture

The omnivorous requirements and the culinary traditions are two things which form the foundation of the human culture that is developed and designed with the help of food-culture. In light of scientific progress; we, humans, change habits very rarely- history says. Presently, the direct scientific solutions that are proposed to battle the ever-evolving health epidemics and new age food-crisis, pose against the weight of thousand years of our cultural identity.

Scientific queries-  

Three questions regarding the health and food issues include-

  • What policies, new information, and new techniques can be proposed to address our problems that arise from food?
  • What exactly is the scenario of human diets, and human health that is related to the diets?
  • How effective will be the future food solutions to the next progeny or long after today’s generation ceases to exist?

In a nutshell-

The human traditions and human culture need to reconsider the methods of incorporating the scientific solutions into our daily living, in order to feed a hungry future-generation. Failing to do that, greater faith must be placed on science and technology to provide the human world with better solutions and evidence regarding the future of food.

– by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC