New Delhi: On Thursday, Delhi Police booked AAP legislator Somnath Bharti on grounds of domestic violence, months after his wife Lipika Mitra filed a complaint against him alleging domestic abuse.
Bharti, has been named in a First Information Report (FIR) filed under several sections,of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) which include domestic abuse at Dwarka North police station in West Delhi.
Police said they filed the FIR naming the Former Law Minister following the June 10 complaint of Bharti’s wife Lipika Mitra.
“It was alleged by Mitra that Bharti has been abusing her ever since their marriage in 2010. She had also claimed that Bharti beat and tortured her and even tried to kill her once,” said a police official.
Bharti has been accused of letting his dogs loose at his wife and their child, according to an official. Sources close to him confirm that he was “shocked at the development” as he was regularly in touch with his wife through SMS till Thurday morning. Bharti himself could not be contacted to confirm this.
Somnath Bharti instead, blamed the police for conspiring against him and framing him under unreasonable charges.
On July 7, the court had dismissed an anticipatory bail petition by Bharti saying that it was “premature” as no FIR had been filed against him. His wife, Lipika Mitra has in addition, registered a complaint against her husband to the National Commission for Women for allegedly abusing her.
Any kind of physical or mental harm towards women is deemed as “crime against women”
Domestic violence is the most dominant crime against women
Andhra Pradesh state is the highest to report crimes against women in the period of ten years
Sep 20, 2017: A report released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) suggests that crimes against women have increased violently in the last ten years with an estimated figure of 2.24 million crimes. The figure is also suggestive of the fact: 26 crimes against women are reported every hour, or one complaint every two minutes, reports IndiaSpendanalysis.
The most dominant crime against women with 909,713 cases reported in last decade was ‘cruelty by husbands and relatives’ under section 498‐A of Indian Penal Code (IPC).
‘Assault on women’ booked under section 354 of IPC is the second-most-reported crime against women with 470,556 crimes.
‘Kidnapping and abduction of women’ are the third-most-reported crime with 315,074 crimes, followed by ‘rape’ (243,051), ‘insult to modesty of women’ (104,151) and ‘dowry death’ (80,833).
The NCRB report also listed three heads, namely commit rape (4,234), abetment of suicide of women (3,734) and protection of women from domestic violence (426) under which cases of crime against women have been reported in 2014.
Andhra Pradesh has reported the most crimes against women (263,839) over the past 10 years.
Andhra Pradesh state is the highest (263,839) to report crimes against women in the period of ten years. Crimes reported for insult (35,733) ranks first followed by cruelty by husband relatives (117,458), assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (51,376) and dowry-related deaths (5,364).
West Bengal (239,760) is second most crime against women state followed by Uttar Pradesh (236,456), Rajasthan (188,928) and Madhya Pradesh (175,593).
Abduction increased up to three folds over the recent years, with Uttar Pradesh being the worst affected state. Cases rose from 15,750 cases in 2005 to 57,311 cases in 2014.
Prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram. Twitter @Nainamishr94
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Deliberate self harm (DSH), also known as self injury is the act of intentionally inflicting damage to the body
It has become a common practice among children and teenagers across the globe
DSH among teenagers can be attributed to lifestyle and technology changes, peer pressure and lack of support
Australia, September 1, 2017: Dr. Rajeev Nagpal expresses his opinion on the dangerous practice of self-harm increasingly affecting children and young adults across the world.
What is Deliberate Self-Harm (DSH)?
Self-harm is described as an expression of situational crisis or personal distress which leads to harming oneself. NICE clinical guidelines from the UK have defined it as self-poisoning or injury, irrespective of the apparent purpose of the act.
Deliberate Self Harm (DSH) is not a clinical condition but a response to a stressful situation in the life of a young child or adolescent. It can occur after long term stress like abuse or domestic violence or after an acute single event like the loss of a near one or failure in examinations. It is primarily a coping mechanism in which they try to release tension by trying to self-harm.
Already there are reports of Indian children losing their life after playing games like the blue whale challenge on the internet. It is time for the general population, including the parents of young children to understand the issues of this very complex condition called deliberate self-harm.
Public Health Issue
In recent years DSH has become a major public health issue in most developed countries. However, although less reported, this problem is a major under-recognized epidemic in low and middle –income countries like India, Nepal.
According to a retrospective study conducted at the Emergency department of CMC, Vellore, India from Jan 2011 to Dec 2013, among the total 1228 patients who were admitted, consumption of pesticides was the most common cause of DSH in men. Consumption of plant poisoning and drug overdose was more common in women.The study involved all population, therefore, the actual number of pediatric population was difficult to ascertain.
Other international studies have also revealed that adolescents, who experienced anxiety or low mood, were six times more at risk of self-harm in young adulthood compared to those without depression or anxiety disorders.
Approximately a million lives are lost to suicide annually, worldwide.
Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is the single most important risk factor for suicide and is associated with huge health service resource utilization. Deliberate self-poisoning in children continues to remain a significant part of the workload of emergency departments, especially in adolescents, even though fewer children need admission now as compared with earlier decades.
Presentation of DSH
Many young adults find it difficult to express their feelings. Some examples of self-harm behavior are:
Self-cutting or scratching
Burning or scalding
Poisoning with drugs like paracetamol, anti-depressants
Relatively little information is available about the characteristics and long-term outcome of children and adolescents aged under 15 years who present to general hospitals because of deliberate self-harm (DSH).
Depressive disorders in pediatrics fall in ranges from mood changes in response to persistent mood change accompanied by suicidal ideation or intent.
The difficulties faced by adolescents are getting more complex with lifestyle and technology changes globally. Peer pressure along with family expectations can aggravate this sense of worthlessness.
Lack of support networks can lead them to opt for impulsive self-harm mechanisms like poisoning. Intentional overdose to commonly implicated drugs like Paracetamol in the UK, or organo- phosphorous compounds in Nepal and is a cause of grave concern.
How to Deal with this Issue
As young children are unable to deal very well with emotional stresses, they will need a supportive team to help them in understanding their feelings and the possible outcomes from them.
This requires a multidisciplinary team approach.
Understanding the issues by holding awareness sessions of this condition in schools and other organizations
Creating referral pathways that all school staff are aware of
Confidential telephone lines /NGOs dealing with mental health of adolescent’s
Government policies and procedures for treatment of acute cases in Accident and Emergency departments
Provision of developing CAMHS(Child and adolescent mental health services ) like services at state level in Indian government hospitals.
Increased research particularly in pediatrics and adolescent’s needs to be conducted at state and national level.
DSH is an under-recognized, major public health problem in low and middle-income countries. National level medical protocols and increasing the awareness amongst the public and agencies dealing with such conditions can be the first step in saving millions of lives from the untimely death of the most vulnerable yet productive younger sections of the society.
Dr. Rajeev Nagpal is a Pediatrician and MHID (Masters OF Health and International Development-Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia)
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One should accept one’s presence in an abusive relationship
Make arrangements to flee and keep your family safe
Reach out organizations created for this purpose
July 19, 2017: People comfort themselves by giving various reasons to justify staying in an abusive relationship but one of the common excuses is fear. Fear of an emotional breakdown, fear of physical violence, fear of not being able to leave the relationship safely, fear of instability, or fear of being unable to survive on our own. However, one can easily overcome such fears. There exist ways to safely exit a toxic relationship and putting a red light on domestic violence. The following tips can help one overcome the trauma that one has been going through.
ACKNOWLEDGE THE EXISTENCE OF ABUSE
Firstly, one needs to acknowledge the fact that one is experiencing abuse in their relationship. There can be different types of abuse, for instance, sexual, physical, mental, financial, or a combination. It is essential for the victim to accept that they are not being treated properly as it can enable them with the power to exit even if the situation makes them feel ashamed.
REACH OUT FOR HELP
It is not necessary for everyone to have their family or friends besides them or they may not be the best resource but one is never alone. There are various organizations designed especially to help those suffering abuse in relationships.
There exist places owned by these organizations which provide emergency shelters to you and your family. They provide individual therapy, group therapy, providing food and clothing and help with the legal matter.
Preparing a strategy can help you have everything in place so that you can leave for your own good. Some of the guidelines are as follows:
Speak to someone trustworthy and let them know your plan. For example, making a code word for text if you are need help immediately
Documenting the abuse can be really helpful. Preserve any proof of physical abuse (like photos), a book of all incidences noting carefully events, dates, and threats), or a record of a doctor’s visit
Plans should be shared with children and they should be provided with reassurance that they should keep themselves safe and not try and protect you
You must be prepared if you plan to leave sooner than expected. You must make a plan immediately for such a situation-
Know the number of local battered shelter for women in your area
Park your car in the driveway, keeping it fueled. The driver’s door must be unlocked and other doors locked
Keep money aside with family or trusted friends
Pack a bag containing IDs, extra keys, birth certificates, social security cards, marriage license, credit cards, clothes, medications, shoes, banking information — anything which is significant to you and stores them at a friend or neighbor’s house
Have essential phone numbers noted somewhere except your phone
If you have time, also take titles, Citizenship documents, medical records, deeds, property information, insurance information, children’s immunization and school records, and welfare identification
STAYING SAFE AFTER YOU LEAVE
The need to be aware of your surroundings will not stop after you have left. You will want to make sure to check off these items once you have left so that you can be safe for a long time.
If the offender is preparing to leave and you receive a restraining order:
Alter your phone number and locks
Change your hours of work and the route taken to go to work
Alter the route to drop children to school
Keep a restraining order copy with you always
Inform employers, neighbors, and friends that you have an effective restraining order
Give its copies to friends, family, employees, neighbors, school authorities along with offender’s picture
For enforcing the order, contact law enforcement
If you are leaving the relationship:
Think about either using the address of a friend or renting a post office box for any of your mails. Be careful while giving your new phone number and address to someone
Keep the school authorities updated about the situation
Use different social spots and stores
Keep neighbors alerted, and request them to reach out to the police if they sense danger
Make arrangement for security systems
Inform people who take care of your children and who can pick up your children. Make them understand your condition and hand them with a restraining order copy
For caller ID, contact telephone company
-prepared by Harsimran Kaur of NewsGram. Twitter @Hkaur1025