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Supreme Court to examine validity of Muslim triple talaaq system, polygamy

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New Delhi: Noting that Muslim women are at a disadvantage under the Muslim Personal Law with no safeguard against arbitrary divorce and polygamy, a Supreme Court bench has urged the Chief Justice of India to constitute an “appropriate bench” to examine the validity of such practices saying that it amounts to the violation of women’s fundamental rights.

According to reports, the Apex court is set to thoroughly analyze the Muslim Personal Law and is considering a ban on Polygamy and Triple Talaaq system in a bid to end the alleged gender bias.

A bench of Justices Anil R Dave and A K Goel ordered registration of a Public Interest Litigation and for putting it up before the new bench to deal with the issues related to the challenge to the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act.

The bench noted the issue was not merely a policy matter but “concerns the fundamental rights of the women guaranteed under the Constitution.”

The issue cropped up during the hearing of a matter related to Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act and the bench noted that “an important issue of gender discrimination which though not directly involved in this appeal has been raised by some of the counsel for the parties which concerns rights to Muslim women. Discussions on gender discrimination led to this issue also.”

“It was pointed out that in spite of guarantee of the Constitution, Muslim women are subjected to discrimination… There is no safeguard against arbitrary divorce and second marriage by her husband during the currency of the first marriage, resulting in a denial of dignity and security to her,” it noted.

“For this purpose, a PIL be separately registered and put up before the appropriate Bench as per orders of the Chief Justice of India.

“Notice be issued to learned Attorney General and National Legal Services Authority, returnable on November 23, 2015. We give liberty to counsel already appearing in this matter to assist the Court on this aspect of the matter, if they wish to volunteer, for either view point,” the court said.

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Supreme Court seeks Centre’s response on plea challenging polygamy, nikah halala

Under nikah halala, if a Muslim woman after being divorced by her husband three times at different instances wants to go back to him, then she has to marry another person and then divorce the second husband to get re-married to her first husband

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Supreme Court seeks response on plea regarding halala nikkah. Wikimedia Commons

The Supreme Court on Monday sought Centre’s response on a plea challenging the constitutional validity of the practice of polygamy and nikah halala amongst the Muslim community. A bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A.M. Khanwilkar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud said the matter would be heard by the constitution bench.

1300 applicants after the new rule came in. Wikimedia commons
Plea against halala nikah, SC waits for Center’s response. Wikimedia commons

The court directed that the matter be placed before the Chief Justice for setting up of an appropriate bench. Appearing for one of the petitioners, senior counsel Mohan Parasaran told the court that the 2017 judgement which had held instant triple talaq as unconstitutional had left these two issues open and did not address them.

A Muslim husband is allowed to have more than one wife. Under nikah halala, if a Muslim woman after being divorced by her husband three times at different instances wants to go back to him, then she has to marry another person and then divorce the second husband to get re-married to her first husband. IANS

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