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Sushma Swaraj: Indian culture can help environmental concerns

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New Delhi: External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on Monday said that Indian philosophy, lifestyle and cultural practices are established on the knowledge of guarding the nature and it holds significant impact in resolving environmental problems like global warming.

“Indian philosophy, lifestyle, traditions and cultural practices are based on the science of protecting the nature. This needs to be explained to the global community. Till a lifestyle based on Indian philosophy isn’t adopted, solutions to the environmental problems caused by global warming will be elusive,” she said.

Sushma was addressing a conference as the chief guest at the closing ceremony of the two-day national session on “Global Warming and Climate Change – A Way Out”.

She further categorised the reasons of terrorism and climate change as the two major global areas of concern, the Union Minister specifically focused on the necessity for reviving cultural customs that are environmentally friendly and helps protect it.

In the race of development by individual countries, some of the developed nations have triggered severe destruction to the Mother Earth.

“Now they expect solutions from the nations, which are not responsible for the crisis.” She further added.

She also emphasised on the fact that development engineered by fabricated techniques has given way to difficulties for the environment, the irony of the situation is that such artificial solutions are further being discovered.

Emphasising on the richness and diversity of Indian culture, she said that traditions of the country are purely based on science and philosophy.

To find a solution to issues regarding environmental chaos one needs to bring change in their lifestyle as it is one of the biggest contributors to the problem of global warming, she gave details in her address.

Asking people to bring changes in their approach to the environment, Sushma requested people to quit their greed to save the earth and promote the need-based use of natural resources to advantage solutions to the problem of global warming.

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A rise in 2 degrees Celsius in global warming could cause droughts

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A rise in 2 degrees Celsius in global warming could cause droughts
A rise in 2 degrees Celsius in global warming could cause droughts. wikimedia commons

New York, Jan 2, 2018: A rise of just 2 degrees Celsius in global warming could make over a quarter of the world’s land to become drier and more desert like, increasing the threat of widespread drought and wildfires, new research led by one of Indian origin has found.

The study showed that reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere to limit global warming under 1.5 or 2 degrees Celsius would dramatically reduce the likelihood of significant aridification emerging in many parts of the world, the researchers said.

Aridity is a measure of the dryness of the land surface, obtained from combining precipitation and evaporation.

“Our research predicts that aridification would emerge over about 20-30 per cent of the world’s land surface by the time the global mean temperature change reaches 2 degrees Celsius,” said Manoj Joshi from the the University of East Anglia’s School of Environmental Sciences.

“But two thirds of the affected regions could avoid significant aridification if warming is limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius,” Joshi added.

For the findings, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the team examined projections from 27 global climate models to identify the areas of the world where aridity will substantially change when compared to the year-to-year variations they experience now, as global warming reaches 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The world has already warmed by one degree Celsius. As a result, drought severity has been increasing across the Mediterranean, southern Africa, and the eastern coast of Australia over the course of the 20th Century, while semi-arid areas of Mexico, Brazil, southern Africa and Australia have encountered desertification for some time as the world has warmed.

“Aridification is a serious threat because it can critically impact areas such as agriculture, water quality, and biodiversity. It can also lead to more droughts and wildfires – similar to those seen raging across California,” explained Chang-Eui Park from the Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) in China. (IANS)

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