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Thang-Ta: Ancient martial art of sword and spear from Manipur

Photo: www.e-pao.net

By Nithin Sridhar

“The most memorable performance with the sword involved in a blindfolded swordsman and a man lying on his back with five pieces of melon balanced on various parts of his body….The swordsman was blindfolded using a piece of cloth filled with sand so that everyone could see that there was no way for him to peek through the cloth. …Suddenly, the swordsman would surge forward, leaping and chopping in a very precise pattern. As he leaped over the man lying in his path, his sword deftly cut each piece of melon, including the piece directly over the man’s throat. Every spectator was tense with expectation until the man lying on the ground would jump to his feet and the swordsman would rip off his blindfold.”

The above paragraph, taken from Encyclopedia of Manipur, is a description of a fantastic performance of an ancient, but little known martial art from Manipur- Thang Ta.

‘Thang-Ta’, which literally means ‘sword and spear’, is but one aspect of Huyen Lallong (Art of war or method of self-guarding), whose other aspect is ‘Sarit-Sarak’ that involves unarmed combat. It is an armed martial art technique wherein the swords, spears, axes, and shields are the main weapons used.

The martial art is deeply rooted in the traditional history, religion, and lifestyle practices of Manipuris (especially the Meitei community). The Meitei community believes that the art of Thang-ta originated from their creator ‘Tin Sidaba’. In fact, the various weapons used in Thang-Ta are actually perceived as being emanated from various parts of Tin-Sidaba. Thus, the limbs and bones of Tin-Sidaba became swords and tools, the ribs became the broad sword called Thangjao, and his fingers became kitchen knife.

A similar world-view is present in mainstream Hinduism wherein, the whole universe, with its people and objects have originated from creator Lord Brahma and all the tools and equipment have originated from Brahmaa’s son Vishwakarma.

Thang-Ta was basically a dual combat that was fought amongst common people. The earliest references to Huyen Lallong can be found in a text that records personal armed combats and the ethics of combat named Chainarol-Puya whose earliest portions have been dated to 1st century CE. But, this martial art was given a definite military shape by King Loyumba who ruled in the 11th century and created an armed force called ‘lallup’. Later, King Pamheiba, who ruled in the 18th century upgraded the armed forces further.

The uniqueness of this system appears to be that, the King had no standing army. Instead, every male member of the society was trained to be a warrior. Speaking to NewsGram over the phone, Prem Kumar, the President of Thang-Ta Federation of India said that the male members between the age of 16 and 40 years were given military training in Thang-Ta and other associated arts. He further said that every year people used to be trained in Thang-Ta for around 40 days compulsorily. Hence, though the Kings did not have a standing army, all his male subjects served as soldiers.

Photo: http://musicandtraditions.org/
Photo: http://musicandtraditions.org/

The Thang-Ta can be practiced in three different, but supplementary ways: Religious (which is often wrongly described as ritualistic), Demonstration, and Combat. The religious practice of Thang-Ta involves performing various rituals and is deeply rooted in Tantric traditions. This practice aims to take one from the mundane to the spiritual.

The demonstration of Thang-Ta involves the performance of dances using swords and spears using combat movements. Finally, the third is a direct application in combats.

Today, Thang-Ta is mainly promoted as a sport because it has been largely forgotten that Thang-Ta was originally a lifestyle system. It was not just a sport or a combat technique.

Prem Kumar says that, along with the physical aspect of combat, people were taught breath control, meditation, medicine, politics, and ethics. He adds that Thang-Ta must be perceived as a lifestyle system whose basic purpose is helping others and doing good to the society. The Martial art must be understood as a path towards God. Faith and devotion to Guru (teacher) and the Guru-Parampara (lineage of teachers) is very important.

One of the most important aspects of Thang-Ta is self-discipline. The practitioner must adhere to strict discipline not only in his combat training, but in other aspects of life as well. His actions should be ethical and must follow certain tenets laid down in the scriptures. He should dedicatedly practice the martial arts along with the meditation and worship. The goal of such a practice is to help one to overcome physical limitations and attain spiritual emancipation.

Another unique feature of Thang-Ta is that it believes in maintaining high ethical standards even in combat. The warrior is strictly forbidden from hurting the opponent who has run away from the battle, or is begging for mercy, or if he has taken the warrior’s protection. These tenets can be seen as being similar to tenets of the Dharma Yuddha found in Hindu scriptures.

This wonderful martial art saw its decline with the arrival of the British in India who prohibited the practice of Thang-Ta between 1891 and 1947. After independence, many efforts have been made for the revival of the martial arts and today there are many schools that teach them especially in Manipur, and Jammu and Kashmir.

But, today it is mostly promoted as a sport and not as a lifestyle system. It is high time that efforts are made to revive the wholesome system of this martial art so that people derive not only physical benefits but also mental and spiritual benefits from it.

A short video on Thang-Ta performance taken from Youtube:

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Dalai Lama on Three Day Visit to Manipur

Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama will be in Manipur on Tuesday. ians

Imphal, October 16: Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama will arrive here on Tuesday on a three-day visit to Manipur, officials said.

This will be his second trip to India’s northeast after his April visit to Arunachal Pradesh.

Manipur Chief Minister N. Biren Singh told IANS on Monday that the government had declared the Dalai Lama a state guest.

“We will extend a warm welcome to him. He will be given all facilities as an honoured guest,” he said.

On Wednesday, the Dalai Lama will be given a public reception at the Convention Centre here. It will be followed by a felicitation programme at the same venue.

The Dalai Lama will interact with members of the public and dignitaries.

The Dalai Lama, who has lived in India in self-imposed exile since fleeing his homeland in 1959, is coming to Manipur at the invitation of the Speaker of the Manipur Assembly.

His Arunachal Pradesh visit had sparked a diplomatic row between India and China.(IANS)

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‘Women, Be Your Own Heroes’; Taapsee Pannu, Akshay Kumar Urge Girls to Hit Back, Promote Self Defense

The young actress believes self defense is more than just learning martial arts

Taapsee Pannu
Having played strong characters in films like 'Pink' and 'Naam Shabana', Taapse believes women should be like that in real life too. Wikimedia

Mumbai, September 9, 2017 : Actress Taapsee Pannu, who is collaborating with Ficci Ladies Organisation (FLO) for a self-defense training event, says women should know how to be their heroes.

“I have always tried to push the importance of self defense in girls. It is more than just learning martial arts, it’s about instilling this confidence amongst girls that they are capable of taking care of themselves. They need to be their own heroes,” Taapsee said in a statement.

The actress has played strong characters in “Naam Shabana” and “Pink”, has been promoting self defense training for girls.

Actor Akshay Kumar has joined hands with Yuva Sena Chief Aditya Thackeray, collaborating with FLO to launch a martial arts event to give self defense training to women in suburban Mumbai.

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Taapsee will be joining hands with them to contribute to this initiative as a special guest at the event on Saturday here.

She herself practices martial arts as a fitness routine. She will be seen interacting with the audience and also present at the self defence demonstrations. (IANS)


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Here is Why Shaolin Star Keerthi Prasad B S is an Inspiration to All!

Keerthi Prasad B S
Wushu is a collective knowledge of all traditional Chinese martial arts. Wikimedia
  • Keerthi Prasad B S was inspired to practice the Shaolin art after realizing the connection between India and the traditions of the Shaolin Temple
  • Having completed his pre-university education, he left for China to pursue his passion
  • In an alien country, Keerthi struggled with basic issues to emerge as a Shaolin star

July 09, 2017: Keerthi Prasad B S’ passion was fueled after watching a documentary of the Shaolin Temple. When he began studying about it on the internet, his interest in the area reached its peak. Keerthi realized the Indian connection with Shaolin Temple.

“The Shaolin Temple was built by an emperor to accommodate Indian master Buddhabadhra’s preachings, who was the first abbot of Shaolin. Later, another Indian Monk, Bodhidharma, arrived at the temple and initiated the Chinese Chan tradition.”

In love with the Shaolin temple, Keerthi decided to go for it. After the completion of his pre-university education, he expressed to his father the decision to learn Shaolin. He saved money by working as a medical transcriptionist and by doing some freelance photography.

The journey began when Keerthi Prasad earned himself a student visa to Shaolin Cultural Centre in Dengfeng, which is the most common destination for international aspirants interested in the martial arts, mentioned Indian Express report.

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He notes how upon reaching the alien country, issues like language, food, training, and being far away from the family was a rough start, but Keerthi knew it was mind over body. Keerthi trained under the Shaolin Monks Reserve Force and rightfully earned himself 7th Duan Wei Certification. The strenuous training was worth for mastering of Wushu (a collective of Chinese traditional martial arts).

Today, Keerthi Prasad B S is the only individual in South India who has an authentic certification from Shaolin. The 34-year-old runs a Shaolin Wushu Cultural Centre in Bengaluru. The centre has 120 students from the age of 4 till 60 who come to learn from the very best, who is the 34th generation disciple of Shaolin Temple Abbot Shi Yong Xin.

– prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394