Thursday January 18, 2018
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The fight for Kashmir : The partition

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By Shriya Katoch 

The fight over Kashmir is a long and bloody one. With thousands of lives lost on both sides during the partition. India has fought three wars with Pakistan over Kashmir, emerging as the victor in all.
It all started in 1947 when the British gave up India and created two independent states the Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan. It was said that majority of the Muslim population was going to reside in Pakistan and its counterpart Hindu population would reside in India . States were then given the free will to decide whether they wanted to join Pakistan or India or become independent .

At the time Kashmir was ruled over by Maharaja Hari Singh,  a Hindu ruler, while the state was Muslim dominant. However Maharaja Hari Singh was a fair and a just ruler, not discriminating on the basis of religion. In fact he had appointed many Muslims in his court. This was refreshing as majority of Muslim rulers in the past had subjected Hindus to cruelty and forceful conversions.
The fate of Kashmir was still undecided. Pakistan made several attempts to lure Maharaja Hari Singh to become a part of Kashmir with Mohammed Ali Jinnah even having written a letter to Maharaja Hari Singh promising “every sort of favourable treatment”.
Frustrated by the Maharaja’s indecision the Muslim league encouraged the locals to revolt at Poonch. Later in September Muslim League officials in the Northwest Frontier Province, including the Chief Minister Abdul Qayyum Khan, assisted and possibly organized a large-scale invasion of Kashmir by Pathan tribesmen.
Hari Singh the Maharaja of Kashmir believed that by delaying the decision he was increasing the chances of Kashmir becoming an independent State, but due to the attempted invasion by Pakistan he signed an instrument of accession on 25 October 1947 to the Indian union in return for military aid. The National Conference party the largest party in the State, endorsed the accession and in the words of National conference leader Syed Mir Qasim, India had the “legal” as well as “moral” justification to send in the army through the Maharaja’s accession and the people’s support to it.
In modern times Pakistan still refuses to accept that legally Kashmir belongs to India because of their failed attempt of invading Kashmir. This failed invasion made the population of Kashmir view them as raiders. Pakistan cannot claim their right on Kashmir just on the basis that the majority of the population residing in Kashmir is Muslim. Its time that they learn to bury the hatchet and accept defeat.

Also, do read elated article on Kashmir :http://www.newsgram.com/paradise-on-earth-the-uncovered-truth-of-kashmir/

Shriya Katoch multitasks as an Engineering student,an avid reader,a guitar player and a death note fan. Twitter: @katochshriya538

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  • Pragya Jha

    Pakistan should accept the fact that Kashmir belongs to India.

  • a

    You are exactly what you are, a child !

    • Shriya Katoch

      Ooh hitting me right where it hurts my age .

  • Pragya Jha

    Pakistan should accept the fact that Kashmir belongs to India.

  • a

    You are exactly what you are, a child !

    • Shriya Katoch

      Ooh hitting me right where it hurts my age .

Next Story

A look into the mind of a brainwashed Kashmiri suicide bomber

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Peeping into the teenage Kashmiri suicide bomber's mind reveals the harsh realities the youth of Kashmir is facing. Pixabay
Peeping into the teenage Kashmiri suicide bomber's mind reveals the harsh realities the youth of Kashmir is facing. Pixabay
  • Jaish-e-Mohammad, a teenage suicide bomber who was killed this Sunday threatens attacks across India in a video.
  • The video shows how teenagers are brainwashed while sitting between terrorists and rifles.
  • The video has brought out the various reasons why the Kashmiri youth is turning towards terrorism.

A teenage Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) suicide bomber killed on Sunday in Kashmir had threatened terror attacks across India in an undated video which announces the “roaring” resurgence of his outfit headed by the Pakistan-based militant Masood Azhar.

The video, which gives a peek into how Kashmiri teenagers are being brainwashed into believing that they are targeting enemies of Islam, was apparently recorded in a house in the Kashmir Valley.

The Pakistan-based militant outfit on Monday released the eight-minute video online in which Fardeen Khanday, son of a Jammu and Kashmir policeman, urges Kashmiri youth and Muslims across the country to join the “fight against India”.
Kashmiri youth turns towards terrorism as they face severities. Wikipedia Commons
Kashmiri youth turns towards terrorism as they face severities. Wikipedia Commons

Seated between three AK assault rifles, a huge cache of ammunition, grenades and communication devices, Khanday appears calm even as he says that “by the time the video is released I will already be a new guest in heaven”.

Khanday, 16, was killed after he and two other Jaish suicide bombers attacked a paramilitary camp in Pulwama in south Kashmir on Sunday. Five Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel were killed in the attack. The other two attackers were also killed.

He said it was being made out as if unemployment was driving Kashmiri youths to take to militancy. “But the fact is that it is nothing (but) propaganda.

“The importance of jihad increases when infidels occupy our land and threaten the modesty of our women.

“My friends and I have listened to the call of Quran and plunged into the battlefield of jihad. This will continue till the last occupying soldier is present in Kashmir,” he says in Urdu with a thick Kashmiri accent.

According to police, Khanday, a resident of Tral in south Kashmir, which was the slain Burhan Wani’s hometown, joined militants only three months ago after his family reported him missing on September 15.

In the video, he also talks about the demolition of Babri Masjid as well as attacks on security forces blamed on the Jaish.

“Even after repeated claims by Indian security forces and agencies, Jaish-e-Mohammad has not been wiped out from the Valley. Jaish is not so weak. It is impossible to stop Jaish-e-Mohammad… We are roaring,” Khanday says in the recorded video. IANS