Thursday May 24, 2018
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The problems of getting old

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By Arka Mondal

The recent incidents of crime targeted against senior citizens in metropolis across India, especially in Kolkata, have raised some serious questions about their safety. In the last one year, at least eight elderly citizens have been brutally murdered in Kolkata. The attacks further expose the vulnerability of the aged in a city where more and more youngsters are abandoning their parents in search of a better livelihood.

With the advent of modernity and globalisation and the accompanying phenomena of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration, there has been a gradual dilution of the conventional living style. Number of nuclear families is escalating and more and more elderly are now living alone. This trend is gaining momentum with increase in life expectancy. The perception regarding maintenance of elderly as a pious obligation is also wearing off. Thanks to these changes, the elderly are feeling isolated and are facing numerous other deprivations. They have become soft prey for criminals and elder abuse has become a social menace. Meanwhile, the extraordinary medical triumph has ushered in an unprecedented increase in life expectancy of people in the country. The percentage of 60 plus population in India is on the rise, providing a challenge for their well-being and security as well. The historical cultural tradition of care and respect for the elderly is gradually evaporating due to change in life style and globalisation. In recent time, there has been a spurt in crime against older citizens in the city and across India. Especially, the wealthy senior citizens are more prone to security risks, since they are vulnerable to exploitation, pressure and physical threats for property and financial gain from their children, relatives and other unsocial elements.

Police prescribes that aged people should always avoid going out alone. Even when accompanied by their family members, they should shun heavy jewellery that could lure criminals. Police say, those staying alone in individual houses should desist from keeping valuables and cash and should deposit in safe vaults. Even if one has cash or valuable jewellery at home, it should be the least discussed matter especially before flower vendors, LPG cylinder delivery boys, grocery shop delivery boys, servant maids, laundry boys, cable TV technicians, drivers, electricians and plumbers. While engaging or hiring workers such as drivers and servant maids on a regular basis, senior citizens should insist on getting their photograph and address proof and if required, they could always approach the police for getting their antecedents verified in a discreet manner. Senior citizens should always keep contact with the Station House Officer of the jurisdiction police station and should never hesitate to inform the police of any disturbing trend putting that jeopardises their safety.

However, a united effort from all age groups is needed to lend a helping hand to the elder citizens. There is no denying the fact that it is the effort of these old people who had consolidated the base for us to thrive upon.

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According to Researchers, Exercising 4-5 Times a Day Delays Ageing

Want to stay young for long? If so, start exercising four to five times a day as it may help keep your heart stay healthy and slow down ageing, according to researchers.

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Exercise, representational image . IANS

Want to stay young for long? If so, start exercising four to five times a day as it may help keep your heart stay healthy and slow down ageing, according to researchers.

Research showed that different sizes of arteries are affected differently by varying amounts of exercise.

While exercising for about two to three days a week for about 30 minutes may be sufficient to minimise stiffening of middle-sized arteries, exercising for about four to five days a week is required to keep the larger central arteries youthful.

The study would help “develop exercise programmes to keep the heart youthful and even turn back time on older hearts and blood vessels”, said one of the study authors, Benjamin Levine from the University of Texas.

With age, arteries — which transport blood in and out of the heart — become prone to stiffening, increasing the risk of heart diseases.

For the study, published in The Journal of Physiology, the team examined 102 people over 60 years old, with a consistent lifelong exercise history.

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Exercise alone is not enough to keep you in shape. You will have to do a few more extra things before and after your workout to stay fit! Pixabay

The participants were divided into four groups depending on their exercise history — Sedentary: less than 2 exercise sessions per week; Casual Exercisers: 2-3 exercise sessions per week; Committed Exercisers: 4-5 exercise sessions per week and Masters Athletes: 6-7 exercise sessions per week.

A lifelong history of casual exercise (two-three times a week) resulted in more youthful middle-sized arteries, which supply oxygenated blood to the head and neck.

However, committed exercisers (4-5 times per week) also had more youthful large central arteries, which provide blood to the chest and abdomen, in addition to healthier middle-sized ones.

Also Read: Drinking Water Boosts Mental Skills in Elders Who Exercise

Larger arteries need more frequent exercise to slow down ageing, the researchers said.

The findings will help see “if we can reverse the ageing of a heart and blood vessels by using the right amount of exercise at the right time”, Levine explained. (IANS)

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