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Third Gender: An Identity which Awaits Recognition and Acceptance!

Transgender is generally understood to be a broad category encompassing many gender identities and expressions

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recognize us as a part of the society and not a flaw of the society
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Nov 17, 2016: Identity classification is of foremost in any country, be it a developing nation or a developed country, its acceptance of an individual categorically chooses two identities: male and female. As if they are only the sole granter of being an ideal citizen.

It is pretty strange that the third gender identity has existed for several decades but they still suffer from an identity crisis. Their existence in the society is still questionable and tough for the common people to accept. The word transgender gained widespread popularity in the 1990s as an umbrella term to describe people who cross over – or trans – traditional gender roles.

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Currently, transgender is generally understood to be a broad category encompassing many gender identities and expressions, including transsexual, genderqueer and cross-dresser, among many other. Though the term transgender has only been used in print for about 50 years, transgender-related practices have existed throughout history. For example, in the late 18th century, a male-born French diplomat named Chevalier d’Éon famously identified, dressed and passed as a woman for more than 30 years.

Most of them consider their birth as ‘the single biggest regret of their life’. Is it their fault or is the backwardness of the society that compel them to curse their birth. This is the biggest challenge that we are facing even today. The answer is none. We tend to follow the guidelines of our country and when a country itself doesn’t recognize a community how can they expect the layman to do so. When we boastfully talk of nationalism, secularism, equality do we even think of including this section of society within our debate? No, we never do that because it is always either a male or a female or else it has no identity.

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The atrocity on the third gender and the violence on them in the profession of prostitution is not hidden from us. They are treated as a flaw to a society and thus exploited to any extent. Let’s take the example of Alisha, a Pakistani transgender who was shot dead by her boyfriend. Her friends say she was neglected by doctors and medical professionals who taunted her, rather than treating her. One of her friend Farzana, heading an organisation devoted to fighting for the rights of transgender people in Pakistan’s conservative north-west told that “First they sent her to male ward, but other patient and family members ordered her out. She was shunted then to the female ward, but she wasn’t welcome there either”. As outcasts, Pakistan’s transgender people are often forced into begging, dancing and even prostitution to earn money.  They also live in fear of attacks, causing most to either change their names or use only one name to give them anonymity in the society.

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As soon as their gender identity begins to unfold, the future of khawaja saras becomes shaky. Their childhoods are plagued with memories of aggressive relatives determined to shake them out of what they call their “feminine phase”.  However there is a small relief for the transgender people of Pakistan as of now since at least 50 clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwa , declaring marriage between transgender persons lawful. A transgender person having “visible signs of being a male” may marry a woman or a transgender person with “visible signs of being a female” and vice versa, the religious decree said. However, the fatwa added that a person with “visible signs of both genders” cannot marry anyone, Dawn reported.

As of India, the Center introduced the Transgender Person’s (Protection Of Rights) Bill, 2016, aiming to do away with the discrimination against transpersons and giving them the right to “self-perceived” gender identity, as reported by PTI. The Bill also mentions equipping every establishment with a grievance redressal process, to ensure protection from harassment and discrimination. Punishments will include a jail term ranging from six months to two years. A penalty to be imposed on those persons found guilty of forcing a transgender to bonded

Punishments will include a jail term ranging from six months to two years. A penalty to be imposed on those persons found guilty of forcing a transgender to bonded labour or begging, according to the Bill. This is a very positive step taken by the government to shed the insecurity of being a transgender person. It now, up to the society as to how they co-operate to the proposed law.

by Saptaparni Goon of NewsGram. Twitter: @saptaparni_goon

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Eating disorder can be treated in transgenders

Hormone treatment can turn down dissatisfaction that leads to eating disorders

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Study finds hormone treatment can cure eating disorders in transgenders. Wikimedia commons
Study finds hormone treatment can cure eating disorders in transgenders. Wikimedia commons
  • Western society’s obsession with idealized body shapes are linked to eating disorders.
  • Transgenders live in a dissatisfaction related to their body shape and weight.
  • Hormone therapy is a way of countering this situation.

A study finds, hormone therapy can help in reducing the symptoms of eating disorders such as anorexia and binge-eating among transgenders.

Western society’s obsession with an idealized image of beauty fueled a deep-seated unhappiness within people regarding their body. This directly links to eating disorders like self-induced vomiting and misuse of diet pills.

Transgenders live with a dissatisfaction related to their body shape and weight, which makes them vulnerable to developing eating disorders.

Western obsession of 'perfect' body shapes incites dissatisfaction. Wikimedia commons
The western obsession with ‘perfect’ body shapes incites dissatisfaction. Wikimedia Commons

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Researchers found that hormone treatment can improve this situation, tone down levels of perfectionism and anxiety. It can boost self-esteem and alleviate eating disorder symptoms.

“Young transgender people may restrict their food as a way to control their puberty, stop their period or reduce the development of breasts. Hormone treatment might be able to improve eating disorder symptoms in this population,” said Jon Arcelus, Professor at the University of Nottingham in the UK.

The team surveyed more than 560 transgenders, over the age of 17 years, 139 of which began the hormone treatment.

Transgenders have high-tendency of developing eating disorders. Wikimedia commons
Transgenders have high-tendency of developing eating disorders. Wikimedia commons

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The results showed that those not taking the hormone treatment were significantly more likely to report their need to be thin and be dissatisfied with their physique which further affected personal relationships and depression and anxiety.

Thus, eating disorder professionals should consider the gender identity of the person when assessing a person with symptoms of an eating disorder, the study suggested.

The study was published in journal European Eating Disorders Review. (IANS)