Saturday March 17, 2018

Urban lifestyle: The culprit behind high cholesterol levels among young adults


By Nithin Sridhar


A latest study conducted by Raman Puri, chairman of Lipid Association of India, has revealed that at least 23% of youths in Delhi who are below the age of 19-years have high cholesterol levels.

During the study, samples from 2,508 boys and girls were taken and analyzed. The study also revealed that females are more prone to cholesterol risks than males.

Ram Puri has been quoted as saying: “High prevalence of atherogenic lipid profile (reason behind heart attack and stroke), low HDL levels (good cholesterol) and high body mass index has been noted in the youth population in Delhi and its adjoining areas.”

The study has again shed light on dangers of cholesterol and associated unhealthy lifestyle.

What is cholesterol and how does it affect people?

Cholesterol is basically a fat substance that is produced in liver and released into bloodstream. It can also enter the bloodstream through the food one eats. Cholesterol plays a vital role in maintaining structural integrity and fluidity of cell membranes.

There are three types of cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol, Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol and Triglycerides. The LDL causes cholesterol buildup and blockages in the arteries, whereas HDL relieves such blockages by expelling the extra cholesterol from the arteries. Therefore, LDL is bad for heart as it can cause chest pain, heart attack, kidney problems, strokes etc. whereas HDL is good as it prevents heart problems and lowers the risk of getting heart attacks.

Triglycerides are another kind of fats that are harmful to heart if present in high levels. They are most often found in people who are either alcoholics or have diabetes.

The total cholesterol level in the bloodstream should be maintained below 200 mg/dL and anything beyond 240 mg/dL is considered high and harmful. The LDL specifically must be below 100 mg/dL and anything higher than 160 mg/dl is considered very risky.

The HDL levels of good cholesterol should be at least 60 mg/dL and anything lower than 40 mg/dL is considered risky. Triglycerides are considered risky if their levels are beyond 200 mg/dL.

Cholesterol and Urban Lifestyle

The three major factors that give rise to high cholesterol are diet, body-weight and physical activity. The diet should be limited to low-fat foods. Foods containing high levels of fats like meat and full fat dairy products will give increased cholesterol level. Additionally, the junk foods and oily foods also contribute to obesity and increased cholesterol levels.

The urban lifestyle is such that people are too busy in their lives to spend time in taking care of their body. In an over populated city like Delhi, there is a dearth of parks and grounds where children can play and adults can go for a walk. Moreover, students are too busy watching TV or are occupied with their studies or are using computers, so they rarely go out.

Hence, the very lifestyle that is being followed in metros and other urban areas is the main culprit behind increased cholesterol levels in young people. The fast foods, the road-side foods, smoking and alcohol, excessive meat consumption, daily routine that includes school, homework, TV and internet with very less physical outdoor activities are all contributing towards increasing health issues among young adults.

Reducing cholesterol level

Instead of going for medical interventions to reduce cholesterol levels, one to should work on the three issues of diet, body-weight, and physical activity. People should eat foods which contain low levels of fat and more amounts of proteins, fiber, and other vitamins.

People should also reduce intake of meat and dairy products and must avoid fast-foods. Smoking and alcohol intake must be reduced and if possible, totally avoided. Physical workout in the form of walking, jogging, exercises or yoga must be practiced for at least 30 minutes daily.

These simple actions that regulate food and physical activity will go a long way in keeping cholesterol levels within permissible limits and improving the general health of the people.

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Four hacks for women’s wellness

Yoga is known to be the ultimate healer for the soul and body. Pixabay
  • For most women, wellness takes a back seat
  • It is very important for women to take care of health
  • There are very simple things they can do to take care of themselves

Wellness takes a backseat for most women, what with a hectic schedule taking care of work, home, and all the people in their lives. This Women’s Day, encourage the women in your life to make themselves a priority and practice these simple wellness tips to improve their overall well-being.

It is  very important for women to take care of themselves. Instagram
It is very important for women to take care of themselves. Instagram

Dr Hariprasad, Ayurveda Expert, The Himalaya Drug Company, recommends the following tips to help women become healthier without having to take too much time out of their busy schedule.

Get enough sleep: The function of sleep is to not only relax the body, but also rest and restore the mind. It is necessary to heal and repair your heart and blood vessels. While you can function for a while without getting the necessary amount of sleep every day, it will eventually take a toll on you. Commit to sleeping a minimum of seven hours a day while aiming for eight, and you will feel yourself getting healthier and happier in a short amount of time. This will help you achieve both mental and physical wellness, and your mind and body will be at ease.

Also Read: It is very important for women to take care of themselves. Instagram

Keep up energy levels: Use an energy booster like chyavanaprasha for that extra push you need to achieve your daily goals. Chyavanaprasha, which has amalaki (Indian gooseberry), gives that supplementary dose of antioxidants, in addition to boosting your energy levels. Along with this, try quick exercises like stretching and jogging to keep those endorphins flowing.

Practice preventive care: Long-term wellness is a better approach than seeking short-term solutions for the problem at hand. Having Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) can help you practice preventive care by building your immunity. According to Ayurveda texts and modern research, Guduchi increases immunity against infections by increasing the effectiveness of disease-fighting white blood cells. These fight infections and influence various other immune effector cells, ensuring early recovery. Including Guduchi in your daily diet will help increase the body’s resistance to stress and illness. It can help reduce the chances of facing health problems altogether, rather than simply resorting to curative measures when it arises.

yoga asanas
Women wellbeing is often ignored. Pixabay

Set aside some me-time: Take some time out for yourself during the day to just breathe and reflect on your day. You can do this in a structured manner using yoga and meditation techniques, but the important part is to consistently carve time out from your day for yourself. Setting aside even 10 minutes will help you relax and feel more in control of your day. You will feel the frustrations of your day melt away, leaving you to face the rest of the day with a calmer mind and a more positive outlook. IANS