Saturday April 21, 2018

Vitamin D supplementation for Pregnant Women should be Tailor-made, suggests Research

The skin naturally produces vitamin D after exposure to sunlight but people also obtain smaller amounts of the vitamin through foods, such as milk fortified with vitamin D

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Pregnant woman. Flickr
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London, October 28, 2016: Pregnant women respond differently to vitamin D supplementation depending on their individual attributes, thus the supplement levels should be tailored according to individual risk factors, suggests a research.

Vitamin D is a hormone that helps the body to absorb calcium. It plays a crucial role in bone and muscle health.

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The skin naturally produces vitamin D after exposure to sunlight but people also obtain smaller amounts of the vitamin through foods, such as milk fortified with vitamin D.

The findings showed that women who delivered in the summer season, who gained less weight during pregnancy and who had higher vitamin D levels early in pregnancy tended to have higher levels of vitamin D in the blood than their counterparts.

On the other hand, vitamin D supplements were found less effective at raising the levels of the vitamin in pregnant women who delivered their babies in the winter season, have low levels of vitamin D early in pregnancy or gain more weight during pregnancy.

Women who consistently took the supplement also had higher levels of vitamin D than participants who did not, the researchers said.

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“Our study findings suggest that in order to optimise vitamin D concentrations through pregnancy, the supplemental dose given may need to be tailored to a woman’s individual circumstances, such as the anticipated season of delivery,” said Nicholas Harvey, Professor at University of Southampton in Britain.

Evidence suggests vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy can harm maternal health, foetal development and the child’s long-term skeletal health.

“It is important for pregnant women to have sufficient levels of vitamin D for the health of their baby,” Harvey added.

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For the study, the team recruited and randomised more than 800 pregnant women to take either 1,000 units (25 micrograms) of vitamin D every day or a matched placebo capsule from 14 week’s gestation until delivery of the baby.

Analysis showed that participants who received the vitamin D supplement achieved different levels of vitamin D in the blood, even though they received the same dose.

The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (IANS)

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5 Healthy Ways To Get Back In Shape After Pregnancy

The number of calories your body burns depend largely on what you eat, so it’s sensible to fuel your body with healthy food

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Protein responsible for postpartum depression in pregnancy found
Protein responsible for postpartum depression in pregnancy found. IANS
  • Getting back in shape after pregnancy can be tough for new moms
  • However, there are few tips which can help you get back in shape after pregnancy
  • These tips are easy and highly effective

Losing baby weight and getting back in shape after delivery is a hot topic. Most moms pack on extra pounds during pregnancy and want to drop them as fast as possible. However, don’t be too hard on yourself and don’t stick to all those crash diets. Follow these tips, and you will be able to get rid of excess weight without harm to your health.

Losing weight after pregnancy is not as tough as you may think it is.. Pixabay.
Losing weight after delivery is not as tough as you may think it is. Pixabay.

Breastfeed If You Can

It’s true that breastfeeding burns about 400-500 extra calories a day. Even if you just sit comfortably on your couch and feed your newborn baby, you will still lose some weight.

Sleep Well

Take a nap every time your baby does, laundry or dishwashing should be damned. Extra sleep reduces stress hormones and keeps your energy levels up.

Also Read: Smoking during pregnancy linked to asthma severity in kids

Eat Smart

The number of calories your body burns depend largely on what you eat, so it’s sensible to fuel your body with healthy food. Choose foods packed with lean protein, whole grains, and healthy fats. Include foods that are rich in calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, fibre, and protein into your diet. And cut down junk food. Try to keep your portions smaller and eat 5-6 meals in a day. If you often feel super hungry (yeah, that often happens with new moms) but don’t have time to eat a full portion, stock up on healthy snacks like cut vegetables, whole-grain crackers, nuts, fruit, and yoghurts. Also, drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day. This will help you flush out toxins from your body and boost metabolism.

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It is important to eat smartly after childbirth to avoid weight gain. Pixabay

Exercise!

Exercises are great stress-busters! Long gone are those years when doctors kept women physically restricted after pregnancy. Six weeks after delivery are quite enough for your body to heal. Start with gentle 20-min workouts. Focus on basic exercises like stretching, jogging, swimming, or doing aerobics. A waist trimmer can come in great use since it will help you not only sweat out more calories but cinch you post-pregnant belly as well. If you don’t know what model to choose, we have prepared this waist trainers review for you. Yet, if you don’t have time to hit the gym, you can do weight exercises with your baby at home. For example, you can hold your little one close to your chest and do some lunges. However, it’s always sensible to take your doctor’s approval first.

There are a set of exercises which women can use after their pregnancy to reduce the excess fat. Pixabay
There are a set of exercises which women can do to reduce the excess fat. Pixabay

Move it, Move it!

If you are too sleep-deprived and can’t even think about exercising, start to walk more during your strolls. Walk a little farther every next day. It’s a great cardio workout. Also, you can start your day with dancing. It will not only improve your morning mood but also help you burn those extra calories.You and your baby will definitely have a great fun. To stay motivated during your way to a slimmer body, don’t buy new clothes! Instead, try to fit into your pre-pregnancy garments. You can even keep your sexy dresses at the front of your wardrobe. Work harder towards your goal and the results will come soon.