A study conducted by the New America Foundation has revealed that white Americans are the biggest terror threat in the US, killing more people in attacks than Muslims or any other group in the last 14 years.
Post 9/11, out of the 26 attacks on US soil defined as terror by the foundation, 19 attacks were carried out by non-Muslims.
Compared to 26 people killed by jihadists since 9/11, 48 people have been killed by extremists who are not Muslim. These include right-wingers, anti-government organizations and white-supremacist groups.
Included in the count was last week’s Charleston shooting — whose shooter confessed to holding white-supremacist ideology —as the reason behind the massacre.
Attacks such as those in Aurora, Colorado and Newtown, Connecticut, were not included since they did not appear to have been caused by a specific ideology, the standard used by New America Foundation to qualify terrorism.
The New York Times reported that post-9/11 trauma has made jihadi terror attacks more prominent in the media, but that the US law enforcement is well aware of the danger of white extremist groups.
According to a recent survey of 382 US police departments done by researchers at the University of North Carolina and Duke University, 74 per cent listed anti-government violence, while just 39 per cent said “Al Qaeda-inspired” violence.
January 2, 2018: When you think about America’s national parks, what probably comes to mind first is America’s first national park – Yellowstone. It’s also the first national park in the world, established by Congress in 1872, even before the National Park Service was set up.
Yellowstone sits on an active volcano, the source of the more than 10,000 geothermal features in the park, including more than half the world’s geysers. National Parks traveler Mikah Meyer made sure he caught the eruption of the best-known of its 500 geysers – Old Faithful, which shoots a column of superheated water up to 42 meters into the air, every 60 to 110 minutes.
“They have geysers that range from Old Faithful to these geysers that are basically holes in the ground that give a glimpse into what the bubbling boiling earth underneath is like.”
And some of what bubbles up is mud. Mikah describes these ‘mudpots’ as a witch’s cauldron. “They look like some sort of witch’s concoction because you’re just walking along this boardwalk and suddenly to your left and your right you’ve got these giant mud pools that are bubbling up in random spots, and so it really is a place where you can see the earth’s underbelly.”
He noted a constant feature of the park — steam. “Anywhere you are in the park it always seems like somewhere in your 360° view you’ll see some steam rising out of the ground.” These fumaroles, or steam vents, are the hottest hydrothermal features in the park, with temperatures as high as 138°Celsius.
Yellowstone is also home to thermophile microbes, which thrive in the hot springs. Trillions of these microorganisms are grouped together, so they appear as masses of color. Since different types of thermophiles live at different temperatures within a hot spring, they produce what looks like a rainbow in the water.
And it’s not just hot water shooting up… Yellowstone also has 350 identified waterfalls that tumble down more than 4 1/2 meters. The Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River is the tallest cascade in the park. At 94 meters, it’s twice as high as Niagara Falls.
An abundance of wildlife
Many of the more than 4 million visitors to Yellowstone each year come to see one of the symbols of the American West. Yellowstone is the only place in the United States where bison have lived continuously since prehistoric times, and the park’s herd of 4,000 to 5,000 animals represents the last-known wild bison population in the world.
Mikah said they really catch visitors’ eyes. “I have this video of what I call a Yellowstone traffic jam which is basically anytime there’s any sort of animal on the side of the road, everyone seems to stop their car and take pictures or pull over and it’s an instant traffic jam!”
But bison aren’t the only iconic animals in the park. Yellowstone is home to the largest concentration of mammals in the lower 48 states, including predators like grey wolves and bears, and large herbivores, like big horn sheep, elk and moose.
There are nearly 300 species of birds, 16 species of fish, five species of amphibians, and six species of reptiles.
But the main draw remains the regular eruption of Old Faithful. “If you’re on the hunt for geysers,” Mikah concludes, “you really can’t do much better than Yellowstone National Park.” (VOA)