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Without naming Pakistan, India Pitches against State Sponsors of Terrorism in NAM Summit

NAM comprises 53 countries from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and two from Europe

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Representational Image of NAM Summit. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons.
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New Delhi, Sept 18, 2016:  Without naming Pakistan, India used the foremost South-South cooperation forum to take action against terrorism and called for support to New Delhi’s initiative of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism that was tabled at the UN.

“Today, the biggest threat to international peace, and to the sovereignty of states, is the phenomenon of terrorism,” Vice President Hamid Ansari said in his address at the 17th Non-Aligned Summit (NAM) in the Venezuelan island of Margarita on Saturday.

“No cause justifies the indiscriminate killing of innocent civilians as a means to achieve a political goal or change of policies,” he said.

NAM Meeting. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons.
NAM Meeting. Wikimedia

Stating that terrorism is one of the most egregious sources of human right violations today, he said “its use as an instrument of state policy is to be unequivocally condemned”.

“It has become a major impediment to development,” Mr Ansari said.

“It is, therefore, imperative for the Non-Aligned Movement to galvanise the international community to strengthen the international legal framework to address this menace,including by adopting the draft Comprehensive UN Convention on Terrorism, to ensure the closest cooperation amongst the international community to counter the scourge of terror,” he stated.

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“We must also ensure that all existing structures that are the building blocks of UN’s Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy function in a non-partisan and professional manner.”

The Vice President called for “concrete action in the fight against terrorism” and the need to establish a mechanism within NAM that would ensure “effective cooperation in combating terrorism, that is the main threat to security, sovereignty and development”.

Mr Ansari is leading the Indian delegation to the foremost summit of developing nations being hosted by the South American country.

He called for development cooperation as it was an essential means of promoting and developing international solidarity and putting a human face on the impact of economic globalisation.

“This becomes all the more important in the light of the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Agenda 2030 which, if implemented successfully, will transform the lives of all our citizens,” the Vice President said.

“It would be a reaffirmation of our commitment as a Movement to ensure the dignity and development of all humankind.”

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NAM comprises 53 countries from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and two from Europe.

There are 17 countries and 10 international organisations that are observers at NAM, which came into being 55 years ago when leaders of 25 developing countries met at the 1961 Belgrade Conference.

India, one of the founding members of the Movement, hosted the 7th NAM Summit in 1983 in New Delhi. The last NAM Summit was hosted by Iran in 2012.  (IANS)

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  • Aakash Mandyal

    Terrorism has become a threat not only to the few countries but to the whole humanity. Summit like NAM will help to reduce terrorism. India’s initiative in this is appreciable.

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How Iran protects itself from the Islamic State (ISIS) Terrorist Attacks? Read it here!

The Sistan-Baluchistan province seems to be the most attractive and desirable target of extremists of Iran country

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Extremists
Extremism (Representational Image)
  • While Shiite Muslims dominate the Iranian population, Sunnis constitute only 9% of the total population
  • With an eye on expanding the surveillance all over the country, Iranian parliament raised the budget of cyber security and counter-terrorism in 2016
  • The counter-terrorism unit has also been assigned with the duty to gather information and carry out underhanded operations within the country and even outside it

Iran, June 12, 2017: Terrorist attacks in major Iranian cities are rare but the Sistan-Baluchistan province seems to be the most attractive and desirable target of extremists of Iran country.

The religious division of the country makes it prone to such rampages and attacks minority religious groups. While Shiite Muslims dominate the Iranian population, Sunnis constitute only 9% of the total population.

It was here that, in between 2013-2015, approximately 32 Iranian border guards lost their lives as a consequence of the communal riots. A Sunni Muslim insurgent group, Jaish al- Adl led these massive killings as a protest against the discrimination based on the lines of religion.

Terrorist attacks are mainly orchestrated near the prominent structures and at the heart of the capital of the country. They targeted the shrine of the founder of the Islamic Republic and the Parliament building slaughtering 17 people and leaving even more severely injured. Iranian government took the responsibility for that terrorist assault on itself.

According to Iran investigation Wing, five of the assailants belonged to Iran who had escaped from the country to become a part of that militant group but finally returned to Iran last year, mentioned latimes.com report.

From then, the Iranian government has managed to prevent such devastating and massive bloodshed to some extent. This is how it has managed to keep a check on such violence.

The existence of Sunni community in the poverty-stricken hinterlands create bottlenecks for them in their assaulting activities as conducting attacks in the populous areas would require technical skills, travelling expenses and other expenditure.

Apart from this, Iran has ensured the police force and military forces in the susceptible regions including the residential areas of Sunni community. The counter-terrorism unit has also been assigned with the duty to gather information and carry out underhanded operations within the country and even outside it.

According to Ariane Tabatabai who is a professor of security studies, Iran rose with a new anti-terrorism policy when Islamic State came into power in 2014. Iran “noticed the Islamic State was more brutal and had a clear anti-Shiite and anti-Iran agenda,” she said. As a part of this strategy, Iran helped Iraq with money and terrorism resistance as well as Syria with equipments to join hands with President Bashar Assad.

With an eye on expanding the surveillance all over the country, Iranian parliament raised the budget of cyber security and counter-terrorism in 2016. Through this Iranian officials have managed to block the bridge between Iranians and Islamic militant groups. Besides this, the country also conducts doctrine activities destined to deter Sunnis from radicalization and whitewash their religious differences.In order to increase manpower in the security force, Iran has made the use of social media sites like Twitter and Facebook.

“Iran is reaching out to people beyond its border to say that the Islamic State is not actually Islamic and that there is no difference between Sunnis and Shiites,” Tabatabai said. “Iran has had a tough time selling that message to people, but it’s trying.”

It becomes clear that Iran is one of the favourite terrorist spot from the fact that in March, a 36-minute video message was released which instigated Sunni population to attack the Iranian government.

“This attack shows us how Iran is no longer immune,” said Vali Nasr, dean of Johns Hopkins’ School of Advanced International Studies. “Attacks that we have seen in other Middle East cities and Western capitals [are] now happening in Tehran. Citizens cannot trust it won’t happen again.”

– prepared by Himanshi Goyal of Newsgram, Twitter: @himanshi1104