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10 Facts You Need To Know About Shivaji

Shivaji was the pioneer of the Maratha kingdom in India.

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Shivaji was a hardcore nationalist. Wikimedia commons
Shivaji was a hardcore nationalist. Wikimedia commons
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The bravest, most progressive and sensible, Shivaji was born a natural leader. He has a royal name for himself in the page of history which is eternal. He upheld the Maratha heritage and Swaraj. He was the greatest Maratha ruler that ever lived.

An innumerable amount of victories, greatness and a misconception. Unlike what some people say, he wasn’t a cruel dictator. Most of it is fiction, here are the facts!

Shivaji never forgot his Hinduism roots. Wikimedia commons
Shivaji never forgot his Hinduism roots. Wikimedia Commons

1. Though Shivaji was extremely secular, he never compromised his own religious roots.

It was a time when every kingdom was strictly imposing their religious beliefs. However, Shivaji respected all religions. He married his own daughter to a converted Hindu.

2. Shivaji had Muslims in his military. He had even offered his assistance to Aurangzeb in conquering Bijapur.

He didn’t fight Muslims, as the common belief suggests. He just fought rulers who threatened his kingdom. And yes, he did offer his assistance to Aurangzeb but it backfired when some of his officers raided a Mughal territory.

3. Shivaji was the pioneer of Indian navy.

He was the first to establish a naval force when most of the kings had thought of it. His navy was stationed to protect the Konkan side.

He stood for women's honour. Pixabay
He stood for women’s honour. Pixabay

4. The Chhatrapati honored women and stood for them.

This probably was due to his love and respect for his mother. He instructed his army to not harm any women. Those who were captured were sent back with honour. Anyone who violated women rights faced severe consequences.

5. Guerrilla warfare was a specialty of Shivaji.

He knew geography like none other. Hence, he employed Guerilla tactics like ambushing and surprise attacks. He used to be called ‘Mountain Rat’.

6. A merciful monarch, Chhatrapati Shivaji.

He was a merciful ruler, not harming the opponents who surrendered to him. He even offered a place to them in his army.

7. The ‘India first’ king.

He wished to establish a free kingdom in the country. His troops used to fight for India, not for any ruler.

He established the Maratha kingdom. Wikimedia commons
He established the Maratha kingdom. Wikimedia Commons

8. The Chhatrapati was known to be an ‘escape artist’.

He escaped the house arrest he was put under in Agra. He used to send boxes of sweets and fruits to temples in Agra. In one of the boxes, he fled with his son.

9. Afzal Khan, superior in size and strength, was defeated by Shivaji.

It was a legendary face-off. After a meeting with Afzal Khan, he suspected a foul play. Under his body clock, he wore a body armour. Hiding a tiger’s claw his sleeve, he defeated Afzal Khan.

10. From 2,000 to 10,000, he established a dedicated army.

He inherited an army of 2000 soldiers from his father. However, he was successful in making an army that was paid, trained throughout the year, and was 10,000 strong.

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Big reforms made India fastest growing major economies globally: Garg

It also has enormous implications for emerging markets and developing countries

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The RBI building in Mumbai. Photo credit: AFP/Sajjad Hussain

The major reforms undertaken by the Indian government for raising economic growth and maintaining macroeconomic stability have made the country one of the fastest growing major economies in the world, said Subhash Chandra Garg, Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA).

Garg was addressing the Special Event hosted by US-India Strategic Partnership Forum on ‘Indian Economy: Prospect and Challenges’ in Washington D.C on Friday.

Indian economy needs big reform.

He said the launch of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) represented an “historic economic and political achievement, unprecedented in Indian tax and economic reforms, which has rekindled optimism on structural reforms.” He further emphasized that India carried-out such major reforms when the global economy was slow.

“With the cyclical recovery in global growth amid supportive monetary conditions and the transient impact of the major structural reforms over, India will continue to perform robustly,” Garg said.

During his meetings, Garg highlighted that the digital age technologies have profound implications for policies concerning every aspects of the economy. It also has enormous implications for emerging markets and developing countries.

Also Read: Biggest Bank Frauds Which Shook The Indian Economy

He expressed that the response to such a transformation will have to shift from ‘catch up’ growth to adoption/adaption of digital technologies for development and growth.

Garg also informed that India has started adopting policies and programmes for transforming systems of delivery of services using digital technologies and connecting every Indian with digital technologies and access through Aadhaar and other such means.

Indian economy should be on rise. www.mapsofindia.com

While citing the example of expanding mobile data access, he mentioned that India is now the largest consumer of mobile data in the world with 11 gigabytes mobile data consumption per month. He informed that India is investing in digital technologies, encouraging private sector to adapt these technologies and also addressing the taxation related issues by introducing equalisation levy.

Garg is currently on an official tour to Washington D.C. to attend the Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank and other associated meetings. He is accompanied by Urjit Patel, Governor, Reserve Bank of India and other senior officials. IANS