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10 Facts You Need To Know About Shivaji

Shivaji was the pioneer of the Maratha kingdom in India.

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Shivaji was a hardcore nationalist. Wikimedia commons
Shivaji was a hardcore nationalist. Wikimedia commons
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The bravest, most progressive and sensible, Shivaji was born a natural leader. He has a royal name for himself in the page of history which is eternal. He upheld the Maratha heritage and Swaraj. He was the greatest Maratha ruler that ever lived.

An innumerable amount of victories, greatness and a misconception. Unlike what some people say, he wasn’t a cruel dictator. Most of it is fiction, here are the facts!

Shivaji never forgot his Hinduism roots. Wikimedia commons
Shivaji never forgot his Hinduism roots. Wikimedia Commons

1. Though Shivaji was extremely secular, he never compromised his own religious roots.

It was a time when every kingdom was strictly imposing their religious beliefs. However, Shivaji respected all religions. He married his own daughter to a converted Hindu.

2. Shivaji had Muslims in his military. He had even offered his assistance to Aurangzeb in conquering Bijapur.

He didn’t fight Muslims, as the common belief suggests. He just fought rulers who threatened his kingdom. And yes, he did offer his assistance to Aurangzeb but it backfired when some of his officers raided a Mughal territory.

3. Shivaji was the pioneer of Indian navy.

He was the first to establish a naval force when most of the kings had thought of it. His navy was stationed to protect the Konkan side.

He stood for women's honour. Pixabay
He stood for women’s honour. Pixabay

4. The Chhatrapati honored women and stood for them.

This probably was due to his love and respect for his mother. He instructed his army to not harm any women. Those who were captured were sent back with honour. Anyone who violated women rights faced severe consequences.

5. Guerrilla warfare was a specialty of Shivaji.

He knew geography like none other. Hence, he employed Guerilla tactics like ambushing and surprise attacks. He used to be called ‘Mountain Rat’.

6. A merciful monarch, Chhatrapati Shivaji.

He was a merciful ruler, not harming the opponents who surrendered to him. He even offered a place to them in his army.

7. The ‘India first’ king.

He wished to establish a free kingdom in the country. His troops used to fight for India, not for any ruler.

He established the Maratha kingdom. Wikimedia commons
He established the Maratha kingdom. Wikimedia Commons

8. The Chhatrapati was known to be an ‘escape artist’.

He escaped the house arrest he was put under in Agra. He used to send boxes of sweets and fruits to temples in Agra. In one of the boxes, he fled with his son.

9. Afzal Khan, superior in size and strength, was defeated by Shivaji.

It was a legendary face-off. After a meeting with Afzal Khan, he suspected a foul play. Under his body clock, he wore a body armour. Hiding a tiger’s claw his sleeve, he defeated Afzal Khan.

10. From 2,000 to 10,000, he established a dedicated army.

He inherited an army of 2000 soldiers from his father. However, he was successful in making an army that was paid, trained throughout the year, and was 10,000 strong.

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Twitter Takes Multiple Steps To Curb Misinformation Before Elections in India

More than 80 per cent of the Twitter accounts linked to spread of disinformation

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Twitter, tweets, India
The Twitter logo appears on a phone post on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.. VOA

Twitter is taking “multi-variable” steps, including the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools, to curb the spread of misleading information on its platform ahead of 2019 general election in India, Co-Founder and CEO Jack Dorsey said here on Monday.

Addressing a Town Hall-style meeting at the Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi (IIT-D), Dorsey said fake news is a way too big category.

“The real problem is not misinformation per se as jokes can also be categorised as misinfomation. But misinformation that is spread with the intent to mislead people is a real problem,” stressed the Twitter CEO who is in India on a week-long maiden visit.

Dorsey, who got a rousing reception at IIT-D with the students wildly cheering the young entrepreneur, likened solving the problem of misleading information to that of addressing a security issue, or building a lock.

Twitter, India
Twitter Chief Executive Officer Jack Dorsey testifies before a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing on foreign influence operations and their use of social media on Capitol Hill. VOA

“No one can build a perfect lock, but we need to stay ahead of our attackers. AI could probably help,” Dorsey told the audience.

Earlier in the day, the Twitter CEO met Congress President Rahul Gandhi and discussed various steps the social network was taking to curb the spread of fake news and boost healthy conversation on its platform.

Dorsey also met Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama over the weekend. He was also expected to meet Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad in the wake of the growing criticism over Twitter’s role in the spread of misinformation and fake news as India faces Assembly polls in five states in November-December ahead of next year’s general elections.

Twitter, India
Twitter on a smartphone device. Pixabay

Twitter, along with other social media platforms, including Facebook, came under intense scrutiny of policymakers in the US for their failure to stop the spread of misinformation by Russia-linked accounts on their platforms during the 2016 Presidential election.

The micro-blogging site since then has stepped up its efforts to curb the spread of divisive messages and fake news on its platform.

To further protect the integrity of elections, Twitter recently announced that it would now delete fake accounts engaged in a variety of emergent, malicious behaviour.

India, elections
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi gestures as he addresses the gathering during the ‘Global Mobility Summit’ in New Delhi, India, VOA

As part of the new rules, accounts that deliberately mimic or are intended to replace accounts that were previously suspended for violating rules may be identified as fake accounts, Twitter said recently.

Also Read: Twitter Giving Its Users More Freedom to Report Fake, Suspicious Accounts

However, according to a Knight Foundation study released in October, more than 80 per cent of the Twitter accounts linked to spread of disinformation during the 2016 US election are still active. (IANS)