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10 Hollywood Celebrities who are living with chronic illnesses

Jolie wrote, "On a personal note, I do not feel any less of a woman. I feel empowered that I made a strong choice that in no way diminishes my femininity"

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Feb 28, 2017: We all want good health, perfect bodies, a great immune system, and disease free live. Unfortunately, there are many diseases which have shocking effects. Be it a commoners or celebrities all are prone to getting sick. And just like us, some celebrities even live with chronic conditions that can take a toll on their day-to-day lives.

Here are 10 celebrities with chronic illnesses-

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Angelina Jolie

On February 16, 2013, Angelina Jolie had undergone a preventive double mastectomy after learning that she had an 87% risk of developing Breast cancer due to a defective BRCA1 gene. After completing each operation, Jolie wrote, “On a personal note, I do not feel any less of a woman. I feel empowered that I made a strong choice that in no way diminishes my femininity.”

Angelina Jolie. Wikimedia Commons

Charlie Sheen

Actor Charlie Sheen in 2015 announced during an interview with Matt Lauer that he is HIV positive. HIV destroys one type of immune system cell, called T cells, which makes it difficult for people with the virus to fight off infections.

Charlie Sheen. Wikimedia Commons

Selena Gomez

Pop star Selena Gomez had to cancel her Australian and Asian tour due to the complications that arose from Lupus-related health problems. The singer had to take some time off and focus on her health. This autoimmune disease causes the immune system of the body to attack other healthy organs and tissues.

Selena Gomez. Instagram

Kim Kardashian

After finding red, flaky patches of skin on her legs in 2011, Kim Kardashian has diagnosed with a disease called Psoriasis. It is an autoimmune disease, meaning the condition results when the immune system attacks the body’s own cells rather than foreign invaders. The skin disorder appears as raised red patches with thick, silvery scales.

Kim Kardashian. Wikimedia Commons

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Michael J. Fox

Michael J. Fox has a disease called Parkinson’s disease in 1991 when he was 30 years old. It is a neurological disorder that affects a person’s ability to walk and move. It arises when the neurons in the brain that produce a chemical called dopamine, which helps to control body movements, begin to break down and die.

Michael J. Fox. Wikimedia Commons

Shakira

Shakira has an illness called Toxoplasmosis. It’s an infection caused by a parasite which can be contacted through cats or uncooked meat. It starts with flu and then gets serious like muscle aches and tender lymph nodes. It can develop eye problems in a small number of people.

Shakira. Twitter

Pamela Anderson

Pamela Anderson has Hepatitis C. It is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver. It causes high fever, dark urine, abdominal pain, tiredness and yellow tinged skin occurs.

Pamela Anderson. Twitter

Tom Hanks

Actor Tom Hanks announced that he has type 2 diabetes during an interview in 2013. When a person has diabetes, the body cannot effectively control its blood sugar levels. It can increase a person’s risk for heart disease, nerve damage, blindness and kidney failure.

Tom Hanks. Twitter

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Lena Dunham

Writer and actress Lena Dunham described her decade-long struggle with endometriosis in November 2015. It occurs when cells from the lining of the uterus become displaced and grow in other areas of the abdomen or body, leading to pain and irregular bleeding.

Lena Dunham. Wikimedia Commons

Montel Williams

Montel Williams went public with his diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, a debilitating disease that affects the brain and spinal cord in 1999. As with other autoimmune disorders, multiple sclerosis occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the person’s healthy tissue. It is not known exactly what triggers the condition.

Montel Williams. Twitter

– Prepared by Ruchika Kumari of NewsGram. Twitter: @RuchiUjjaini

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“DNA Barcode” To Deliver Personalised Care For Breast Cancer Patients

Launched in 2016, the varsity's Personalised Breast Cancer Programme has mapped the entire genetic code of nearly 300 women diagnosed with breast cancer, the report said

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Formalin, a cancer-inducing chemical, is used to keep dead fish fresh and enhance their storage life.
Formalin, a cancer-inducing chemical, is used to keep dead fish fresh and enhance their storage life. Pixabay

Undergoing genetic testing for breast cancer creates a “DNA barcode” which can help transform treatment for the deadly cancer and make it more personalised to each patient, scientists say.

According to doctors at the Britain’s Cambridge University, mapping the genetic code could help them choose the right treatment as well as predict whether patients are likely to experience side effects, the BBC reported.

It can also reveal whether their cancer, the second most common cancer in women, is becoming resistant to treatment.

“Breast cancer is not one but 10 or 11 diseases that are distinct molecular entities… By sequencing the tumour we have something like a barcode which gives us the pattern of mutations in that cancer,” Carlos Caldas, Professor at the varsity, was quoted as saying.

The genome sequencing can detect whether patients have inherited mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2 genes which increases their risk of both breast and ovarian cancer. The findings can also have implications for their family.

Cancer
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“We can understand how the body and in particular the immune cells are responding and this enables us to deliver more precision in the medicine,” Caldas said.

“This barcode also enables us to do surveillance and identify early whether a tumour is coming back because of developing resistance to treatment. When those cells start releasing their DNA we can detect them in a blood test known as a liquid biopsy,” he noted.

Also Read: To Treat Brain Cancer Scientists Taking Polio’s Help

Launched in 2016, the varsity’s Personalised Breast Cancer Programme has mapped the entire genetic code of nearly 300 women diagnosed with breast cancer, the report said.

These women have a sample of their tumour and of their blood sent for sequencing, with the full results coming back within 12 weeks.

“We want to reduce the number of toxic drugs that we give to patients, and where possible treat them with targeted therapies with fewer side effects,” Alejandra Bruna, molecular biologist at the varsity, was quoted as saying. (IANS)