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Munshi Premchand is one of the biggest names in Hindi Literature. No discussion about Hindi Literature is complete without the mentions of his works. His stories were simple, heart-touching and worked as a mirror which showed us the true face of societal norms which prevailed at that time.
His stories are timeless, which is proved by the fact that they are still taught in schools. His stories presented human mind and its conflicts so simplistically that he became one of the most beloved Hindi writers of India.
Though it is tough to choose, but here are his 10 best stories :
Still taught in schools at primary level, it is probably Premchand’s most simple and heart-touching story. This story is all about a little boy’s bond with his grandmother and everything he learns about hardships, love, and care. When he gets some money to spend, he chooses to get a Chimta for his grandmother so she wouldn’t burn her hand while making rotis. This story is one of the most warming ones which you can read.
Without a doubt, ‘Kafan’ is one of his best short stories. It depicts the emotions and struggles of the poor father and son duo, who are too lazy to do anything about their situation. Kafan is a must-read tale of how the father-son duo with their talks, justify spending the money that they had borrowed to buy a Kafan (shroud) for their dead mother and wife, on drinks and food. The tale which seems to be full of selfishness will end up making you feel sympathy for them.
Do Bailon Ki Katha
Do Bailon Ki Katha(The story of two oxen) is an emotional tale of two oxen who are best friends and committed to staying together. Many problems arise in their life which they struggled with together. It’s a heartwarming tale of how the two friends stick together in every difficulty and finally reach home. Premchand, through this story also tried to attract readers’ attention towards the cruelty towards animals. This story also has a sublime plot about how submissive beings are exploited in this society of selfish.
Poos Ki Raat
This is another masterpiece from Premchand. ‘Poos Ki Raat’ or a night of January is a heart-wrenching account of a farmer named Halku, who had no option but to pay off his debt with all the money he had been saving to buy a blanket for winters. Read this story to know how Halku managed to survive the winters, with just an old tattered blanket and his loyal dog by his side.
Thakur Ka Kuan
Thakur Ka Kuan is about the degrading condition of Dalits in the old days when they were denied clean drinking water by people from upper caste. When a Dalit woman’s ailing husband complains of an unbearable odour in drinking water, she asks him to wait until she fetches clean water from somewhere. This story is all about the woman’s resilience and strength. This story will make you repent the caste-based discrimination in our country.
Like most of Premchand’s stories, this one also highlights the struggles of poor and helpless people. This time, his central character is an old and blind woman whose husband and sons have died. With no one to look after her in this age, her nephew promises to keep her, but not before transferring all her property to his name, after which they ill-treated her. With this story, Munshi Premchand gives out a message that old age is just a re-arrival of childhood. This story can melt even the toughest of hearts.
Bade Bhai Sahab
Bade Bhai Sahab is a light-hearted story of two brothers. The elder brother’s rant about the importance of education and how ridiculous he finds it is a satire on the education system. Despite the seriousness and lecturing of elder brother and loitering around of younger brother, unfortunately, every year, the younger one passes with flying colours while the elder brother fails. The story gives the lesson that it’s naive to disregard elders on the basis of their educational qualifications. It is a funny story with a serious side.
Godan is considered Munshi Premchand’s best work. It was published in 1936, the year he died. Godan people who are almost starved, but refuse to give up on hope and optimism. This story can make your eyes water on various occasions, especially when the characters get humiliated because of their low caste. The book is heart-touching and makes one thinks of the discrimination which lower castes face.
Again an eternally relevant tale of two best friends, who blindly trust each other. But their friendship takes a U-turn when some unforeseen family drama happens. The story ends with a life lesson about how each person perceives a situation from their own perspective, and how each perspective should be respected.
Premchand’s Nasha is set in the days of pre-independence before Zamindari was abolished by the government. The story is all about how Bir who is accidentally identified as a Zamindar starts to enjoy the lavish life, living a lie, despite, having negative opinions about the system himself. The story is all about hard-hitting realities of people before the Zamindari System was abolished.
The new medical colleges being opened in Uttar Pradesh will be named after saints and sages.
The state government has issued an order naming four district hospitals that are being converted into medical colleges.
These district hospitals are in Bijnor, Fatehpur, Chandauli, and Siddharth Nagar.
The Bijnor medical college has been named after Mahatma Vidur, a philosopher during the Mahabharata era and uncle of the Pandavas and Kauravas.
The Chandauli medical college has been named after Baba Keenaram, said to be the founder of the Aghori sect.
The Siddharth Nagar district hospital will be called Madhav Prasad Tripathi Medical College after the BJP politician from the region. Tripathi, popularly known as Madhav Babu, was also the first Uttar Pradesh BJP chief. He was elected MP from Domariyaganj in 1977, besides being two times Jan Sangh MLA and also a member of the UP legislative council.
The Fatehpur hospital has been named Amar Shaheed Jodha Singh Ataiya Thakur Dariyawn Singh Medical College, after the freedom fighter of 1857.
It is said that he was among the first to use Guerrilla warfare against the British, as taught by freedom fighter Tatya Tope.
Meanwhile, according to official sources, the medical college in Deoria will be named after Maharishi Devraha Baba and the medical college of Ghazipur in the name of Maharishi Vishwamitra.
The medical college of Mirzapur will be in the name of Maa Vindhyavasini, the medical college of Pratapgarh in the name of Dr. Sonelal Patel and the medical college of Etah will be named after Veerangana Avantibai Lodhi. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: Medical Colleges, Uttar Pradesh, Yogi Adityanath, India, Politics
Former Pakistan captain Inzamam-ul-Haq has picked India as the favourite to win the ongoing ICC Men's T20 World Cup in Oman and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Inzamam feels that the Virat Kohli-led India have a greater chance of winning the trophy as the conditions in the Gulf nations are similar to the subcontinent, which makes India the most dangerous side in the event, according to Inzamam.
"In any tournament, it cannot be said for certain that a particular team will win' It's all about how much chance do they have of winning it. In my opinion, India have a greater chance than any other team of winning this tournament, especially in conditions like these. They have experienced T20 players as well," said Inzamam on his YouTube channel.
He said more than the Indian batters, the bowlers have a lot of experience of playing in the conditions. The Indian Premier League (IPL) was played recently in UAE and most of the Indian bowlers did well in that leg.
Inzy heaped praises on the Men in Blue for the confident manner in which they chased the target against Australia on a challenging track without needing Kohli's batting prowess.
"India played their warm-up fixture against Australia rather comfortably. On subcontinent pitches like these, India are the most dangerous T20 side in the world. Even today, if we see the 155 runs they chased down, they did not even need Virat Kohli to do so," he added.
Though he did not pick any favourite, Inzamam termed the India-Pakistan clash in the Super 12 on October 24 as the 'final before the final' and said the team winning it will go into the remaining matches high on morale,
"The match between India and Pakistan in the Super 12s is the final before the final. No match will be hyped as much as this one. Even in the 2017 Champions Trophy, India and Pakistan started and finished the tournament by facing each other, and both the matches felt like finals. The team winning that match will have their morale boosted and will also have 50 percent of pressure released from them," Inzamam added. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: India, Pakistan, Sports, ICC T20 World Cup, UAE.
Skin problems like itchiness, dryness and flakiness can occur anytime if you're not moisturising your body enough. It is commonly observed that while many people take their skincare routine seriously, a majority of them neglect to moisturise the body. It is important to keep in mind that timing matters a lot when it comes to applying moisturisers. Therefore, knowing the appropriate time to apply body lotion is essential.
Take a look at the ideal times to moisturise your body shared by Kimi Jain, Head of Retail, KIMRICA.
Moisturising the body in the morning sets your skin up to face countless irritants and environmental factors during the day. The skin is constantly exposed to harsh chemicals and pollutants when you're outside which is why using a protective and soothing moisturiser while going out is necessary. Kimirica's Five Elements Body Lotion comes with natural Aloe Vera extracts that act as a rich source of antioxidants and vitamins that helps protect your skin and provide a deep nourishing effect.
Moisturising the body in the morning sets your skin up to face countless irritants and environmental factors during the day. | Photo by The Creative Exchange on Unsplash
After showering, Shaving and Washing hands
After you take a shower, your skin has the maximum moisture and moisturisers work effectively on hydrated skin. That is why dermatologists always recommend applying moisturiser right after getting out of the shower. When applied early, moisturisers are able to trap some water that's still in the body and hydrate the body. Shaving not only helps you to get rid of unwanted body hair but also removes the surface skin cells. To soothe any skin irritation and protect the exposed skin from dryness, apply any hydrating moisturiser that gives your skin a natural glow. The increasing use of antibacterial soaps and hand wash takes a toll on your hand disrupting the natural skin barrier. To protect your hands from cracking and dryness, you can use the brand's Bouquet Hand Lotion that comes with a rich combination of sweet almond oil, Shea butter, grape seed extracts, Olive Oil and Jojoba Oil.
The increasing use of antibacterial soaps and hand wash takes a toll on your hand disrupting the natural skin barrier. | Photo by Nathan Dumlao on Unsplash
During and After Your Flights
Travelling makes your skin dryer, the reason being the low humidity and the recycled air inside. As body lotions are available in small sizes, it is advisable that you should carry your body lotion and apply it during your flight and once you land as this will help in combating the skin drying issue.
Research has shown that the skin effectively repairs itself from 10 p.m. to 11 p.m. That's why you should always make sure to moisturise your skin on or before this time. Also, it has been observed that the skin's trans-epidermal water loss increases during sleep which takes away plenty of moisture from the skin. So, all these reasons make it quite clear as to why you should always moisturise your body before going to sleep.
Research has shown that the skin effectively repairs itself from 10 p.m. to 11 p.m. | Photo by Aily Torres on Unsplash
Exfoliation is an important step in any skincare routine but applying body lotion post exfoliating is equally required. Exfoliating results in the removal of dead skin cells which makes space for a new layer of skin. Applying body lotion will help to soothe the top layer of skin and also strengthen the moisture barrier.
Applying body lotion will help to soothe the top layer of skin and also strengthen the moisture barrier. | Photo by Nati Melnychuk on Unsplash
Workout sessions are often sweaty and tiring but preparing your skin before stepping out is very important as exercising outside often leads to dryness. Applying light-weight body lotion before your session is recommended. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: natural, protect, moisturize, dryness, applying, lotion, skincare, hands, body