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Photo by Wikimedia Common

The Gates of Delhi were city gates in Delhi, which were built under dynastic rulers from the 8th century to the 20th century.

Interestingly, The Gates of Delhi were city gates in Delhi, which were built under dynastic rulers from the 8th century to the 20th century. These city gates were a type of fortified gateways, and their main function was to regulate arrival and departure of people, vehicles, goods, and animals.

Almost 14 gateways were built during the Mughal period, but only five of them could survive. The names of the gateways which were built in Old Delhi were:


1. Turkman Gate to the south

2. Rajghat Gate to the east

3. Nigambodh Gate to the north-east

4. Mori Gate to the north

5. Lahori Gate, Red Fort

6. Lahori Gate to the west

7. Khyrati Gate to the east

8. Kashmere Gate to the north

9. Kabuli Gate to the west

10. Farash Khana Gate to the south-west

11. Delhi Gate, Red Fort

12. Delhi Gate to the south

13. Ajmeri Gate to the south-west

14. Calcutta Gate to the north-east

Out of the above, only 5 gateways could survive, namely, Kashmere Gate, Delhi Gate, Lahori Gate, Ajmeri Gate, and Turkman Gate. Let us know the history of these gates, shall we?

1. Kashmere Gate

Kashmere Gate Kashmere Gate was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.Photo by Wikimedia Common

Kashmere Gate was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Interestingly, the gate is named so because it was at the start of a road that led to Kashmir. When the British came to India and started settling in Delhi in 1803, they found the walls of city Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi) lacking repairs, and so they repaired the city’s walls. Later on, the British set up their residential estates in the Kashmere Gate area. Moreover, it was from this gate when Indian soldiers fired volleys of cannonballs at the British and used the area to assemble for strategizing fighting and resistance during the Mutiny of 1857.

2. Delhi Gate

Delhi Gate Delhi Gate was built in Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi) in 1638 AD.Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Delhi Gate was built in Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi) in 1638 AD. In fact, the gate serves as a link between the New Delhi city and the Old Delhi city. This gate was also built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It is said that the emperor used this gate to go to the Jama Masjid for prayers. Talking about the archaeological aspect of the gate, then it is similar to Kashmere Gate. Now, the gate is a heritage site, and is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

3. Lahori Gate

Lahori Gate Lahori Gate is basically the main entrance to the Red Fort in Delhi.Photo by Wikimedia Common

Lahori Gate is basically the main entrance to the Red Fort in Delhi. The name of the gate is kept so because it is situated on the western wall of the fort, which leads to the city of Lahore in Pakistan. The whole gate is made up of red sandstone, except for the roofs of the pavilions, which are made up of white stone. Every year on Independence Day, the Prime Minister raises the national flag and gives a speech from the ramparts at the gate.

4. Ajmeri Gate

Ajmeri Gate Interestingly, the name is derived from the fact that the road which runs from this gate leads to Ajmer in Rajasthan.Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Ajmeri Gate is located in Chandni Chowk (Old Delhi) and was built in the year 1644. Interestingly, the name is derived from the fact that the road which runs from this gate leads to Ajmer in Rajasthan. Moreover, the gate is surrounded by a park and a madrasa, which was built in the year 1811 by Nawab Ghaziuddin Bahadur, the son of the first Nizam of Hyderabad. It is also said that the Ajmeri Gate was also one of the sites of India’s First War for Independence.

5. Turkman Gate

Turkman Gate Turkman Gate was built in the year 1658, and its name is derived from the grave of Sufi Saint Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani.Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Turkman Gate was built in the year 1658, and its name is derived from the grave of Sufi Saint Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani, which resides to the east of the gate. The gate is more or less located near the famous Ram-Leela Maidan in Chandni Chowk (Old Delhi. Turkman Gate is often recognised by its association with the 1975 Emergency, as it was in this area when the police shot and killed people protesting against demolitions of their houses ordered by Indira Gandhi’s government in 1976.

(Keywords: History, Delhi, Gates, Delhi Gate, Lahori Gate, Turkman Gates, Ajmeri Gate, Kashmere Gate, Chandni Chowk, Shahjahanabad, Old Delhi)


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