New York, Jan 3, 2018: A new method of calculating so-called “bad cholesterol” levels has the potential to do away with the need to fast before blood is drawn for such screening, say researchers.
The study, published in the journal Circulation, suggests that the new method is more accurate than an older method in people who did not fast before the cholesterol test.
The new method for calculating LDL, or low-density lipoprotein, was developed by Seth Martin and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the US.
“Although the new LDL calculation method is a bit more complex, the beauty is that it can be performed using information that is already collected in the blood sample for the standard lipid profile and automated in the lab’s computer system to give a more accurate result,” Martin said.
“Since nonfasting samples are now accurate, it’s more convenient for patients because they can come in anytime and don’t need to return for a second appointment if they have eaten,” Martin added.
For the study, the researchers compared the accuracy of the new LDL calculation method with the Friedewald method, developed in the late 1970s when patients fasted or did not fast.
The Friedewald method was earlier shown by Martin and colleagues to underestimate LDL cholesterol levels, particularly in people with high triglycerides.
Triglycerides are fatty acids that tend to be higher in people with obesity and diabetes and that increase after eating.
The physicians did their comparison using data already gathered in a clinical repository.
In their final analysis, the researchers found that approximately 30 per cent of the nonfasting participants had greater than 10 milligrams per decilitre inaccurate cholesterol measurements using the Friedewald method compared with only three per cent error from the actual measured value with the new method.
The new test does not take any longer to provide results to physicians and patients, and the cost is the same to administer, the study said. (IANS)
Sep 27, 2017: Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is widely used by people in myriad ways and purposes, notably because of the vitamins and mineral content. ACV contains ‘mother of vinegar,’ a complex structure of beneficial acids. Cider Vinegar is unrefined and unpasteurized due to the mother factor and has a variety of benefits that are lost when it is filtered and heated.
From the ancient times, ACV has proven to be the elixir of life, carrying benefits from health to skin and hair. ACV is also used in salad dressings, vinaigrettes, marinades, chutneys, and food preservatives.
How is Apple Cider Vinegar formed?
Apple Cider Vinegar has been used as an ingredient in the home remedies from ages. ACV is made by crushing apples and squeezing out the juice. The juice is then fermented by adding bacteria and yeast, which converts the fruit sugar into alcohol. In the second stage of the fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by the acetic acid-forming bacteria.
Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar improves digestion by increasing stomach acid. It also fights constipation since the cider vinegar incites digestive juices that help to break down food in the body. Pectin found in ACV helps to soothe intestinal fits. Mix one or two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and consume before a meal for best results.
A study published in the British Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed that consuming one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in the morning lowers the cholesterol as it increases bile production and supports the liver.
Drinking ACV in warm water in the morning helps to flush out toxins from the body.
Apple cider vinegar increases metabolism rate and supports weight loss because it contains acetic acid, which is responsible for improving metabolism.
Lowers Blood Pressure
Acetic acid present in ACV helps in reducing high blood pressure and triglyceride.
Urinary Tract Infection
Dr. Earl Mindell, Author of Amazing Apple Cider Vinegar, cited: Daily consumption of apple cider vinegar aids urinary tract in maintaining a slightly acidic environment. The acid represses the growth of UTI-causing bacteria. Mindell warns that one should refrain from consuming ACV after infection, mentioned Livestrong.
ACV enables to flush out stones naturally from the Kidney. The highly acidic nature of ACV dissolves the crystals that form into stones in the body. Mix two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and drink it twice a day for better results.
Skin Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar
Prevents acne problems
Apple cider vinegar prevents acne problems by killing bacteria, removing excess dirt, oil, and makeup from the skin and dissolving dead skin cells.
ACV toner helps normalize your skin’s pH balance and ward off bacteria. It sheds dead skin cells so that the pores do not get clogged and your skin remains salubrious.
ACV relieves stinging sensation caused by sunburns. Dilute ACV with water and dab a wet cloth onto the sunburn. It will give you instant relief. Do not apply ACV directly onto your face, as it might burn your face.
Diluting Apple Cider in water and rubbing it over the rashes with a cotton ball helps in curing inflammation, reducing itching and healing the sensitivities.
The acetic acid in Apple cider vinegar works as an exfoliating agent. Put half a cup of ACV into 10 to 15 litres of water. Dip your feet and hands in this solution. You will notice dead cells coming off after the scrub.
ACV can also be used as an aftershave. It acts as an antiseptic to clean out any cuts and moisturizes the skin. It also closes the pores and soothes razor burn.
Apply mix of ACV and water on your face for best toning effect, bright and spotless, healthy and youthful skin. It minimises pore size, which is a giveaway of skin aging.
Hair Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar
Prevent split ends & breakage
ACV smoothens hair’s cuticle, which helps block split ends and breakage. Add ACV to your hair regimen by mixing it with filtered tap water. Rub it onto the split end and wash your hair after 30 minutes.
Stimulate hair growth
Massage ACV mixed with water gently over the scalp to stimulate blood circulation that also promoteshair growth.
Prevent hair loss
Hair breaks out easily because of deprivation of oil on the scalp. This happens when hair follicles are clogged, which leads to crusty flakes on the scalp formed by bacteria. Rinsing your scalp with ACV and water mixture can help you prevent causes of hair loss.
Lustrous and voluminous hair
The acetic acid in ACVremoves residue from the product buildup and helps in maintaining shiny, lustrous locks.
ACV is a fabulous natural detangler that is used as an alternative to conditioner. The acid in ACV helps to soften the hair cuticle allowing knots and tangles to slip out through brush.
Reduce frizzy hair
Frizzy hair is caused by lifted cuticles on the hair. Apple cider vinegar smoothes down the cuticles to give you frizz-free hair.
ACV removes dandruff by eliminating the flaky skin on the scalp. Mix equal parts apple cider vinegar with water in a spray bottle. Let it sit for 15 minutes and rinse with mild shampoo.