The well-known ‘Char Bangla’ temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva by a Hindu queen more than 250 years ago
Rani Bhabani the queen of Nator, a province that became part of Bangladesh post-1947, constructed the temple
The local people fear that the temple, situated at Baranagar in the district’s Azimgunj area, may soon be wiped away by the choppy waters of the Bhagirathi river
Kolkata, July 15, 2017: A river in West Bengal’s Murshidabad district that is fast eroding its banks is on the verge of washing away a priceless part of history. The well-known ‘Char Bangla’ temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva by a Hindu queen more than 250 years ago. The sad thing is, the temple administration is very much aware of the serious situation but local people can only rely on praying for a miracle. The temple is still a famous tourist spot and it even finds mention in several popular tourism websites.
A number of exquisite terracotta temples had been built in Murshidabad by Rani Bhabani, the queen of Nator, a province that became part of Bangladesh post-1947. Incidentally, the district used to be the capital of undivided Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa till Siraj ud-Daula, the last independent ruler of the state, was defeated by the British East India Company in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The Char Bangla Mandir was definitely one among the most unique and well-constructed temples the queen had built.
The local people fear that the temple, situated at Baranagar in the district’s Azimgunj area, may soon be wiped away by the choppy waters of the Bhagirathi river. Around 1760, when the temple was built the river used to flow at least a kilometre away. But since then the river has changed its course several times and eroded its banks, causing the loss of life, property, and farmland. Today, the mandir is barely 10 feet away from the river and its boundary wall has been damaged already.
Many historians say, Rani Bhabani reign was so vast that she used to be addressed as ‘Ardha Bangeshwar’ (lord of half of Bengal). It is also believed that after the death of her husband she became a devotee of Lord Shiva and built several temples dedicated to the god of destruction. After she passed away, her daughter used to offer prayer at the temples in Baranagar.
According to the Secretary of Murshidabad Zilla Itihas O Sanskriti Charcha Kendra, Arindam Roy, “One can find several ‘Ek Bangla’ or ‘Jor Bangla’ temples in Bengal but there is no other ‘Char Bangla’ temple.” The temples are exquisite because of their intricate and detailed terracotta sculptures that beautifully depict either daily village life or tales from Hindu mythology. The number of structures that were built in the form of a typical Bengal village is indicated by the terms Ek Bangla, Jor Bangla, and Char Bangla. In Bengali ‘Char’ means four, indicating that there are four houses.
Roy said, “Terracotta originated in the Bankura district of Bengal and became famous across the country. Most people are not even aware that the temples at Baranagar are the finest examples of terracotta art. The Char Bangla temple is part of India’s history. Thousands of people come here every year.”
According to HT reports, the Bhagirathi began eroding its banks at Baranagar a few years ago. Many homes and several hectors of land have already been engulfed by the river. Yet, no serious action has been taken to save the Char Bangla temple. Roy mentioned that they had informed the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the custodian of the temple, about the erosion a year ago.
Babulal Sardar, pradhan of the local Trinamool-run Mukundabagh gram panchayat, told the reporters: “I am aware of the danger the temple faces. If no action is taken immediately the river will destroy it. But the panchayat cannot set up embankments on its own.” When asked whether he informed the district administration, Sardar added: “We haven’t yet formally informed district administrative officers. We will write a letter to the block administration in a day or two.”
Speaking on condition of anonymity, a senior district administration official stated, “We were completely in the dark. We will take every possible step to save the historic structures.”
– prepared by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter @dubumerang
Separate, seemingly unconnected pieces, combine to make up an inseparable home.
This is true of our lives, as it is of our political system. Now, as India is consumed by electoral frenzy, and the biggest democratic exercise of the world has begun, the question needs to be asked: What exactly is happening behind the corridors of power? What is happening inside North Block, or South Block? What is happening inside the party offices?
These are small anecdotes, small pieces of a larger jigsaw puzzle and stitching them together allows one to take a glimpse at the larger picture. This time, I thought I would present a bouquet of different stories, which will perhaps allow a reader to get a glimpse of the full picture.
The Narendra Modi government is very upset with Attorney General (AG) K.K. Venugopal. Now 88-years-old, the Centre doesn’t want to change the AG, especially so close to the elections. But the reason for the anger is this: That he told the apex court that the Rafale files had been stolen. This was neither the government’s view, nor the official defence ministry version. His claim was an attempt to counter Prashant Bhushan’s query on the leaked Rafale story. Later, the government clarified through affidavits presented by the defence secretary in the court that the file hadn’t been stolen, but that “one page had been photocopied and leaked”.
If one tells the court that the file had been stolen, then the actual security in place at the defence ministry — the custodians of India’s national security — comes under the scanner. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman told in closed circles that if the files were stolen, then she was responsible and would be in trouble. For now the situation is under control, but the murmurs remain: who leaked the file? Another foreign fighter company? An Indian mole? Inside South Block – a spy vs spy drama ensues.
Dimple Yadav has a new best friend. Of late, she has developed a very comfortable relationship with none other than Priyanka Gandhi. The two meet frequently and are talking to each other daily. The communications on elections continue, whether it has to do with selecting candidates for the campaigns or criticism of the BJP government. While Rahul-Akhilesh remains the primary channel for communication between the two parties, this is a valuable track two for the ‘mahagathbandhan’.
There is no doubt that Modi is the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) star campaigner ahead of their 2019 campaign. Amit Shah and BJP leaders, including Arun Jaitley, have finalised the Prime Minister’s campaign strategy. It is clear that from the end of March, all through April and till May, he will hold a number of rallies – expected to cross 200. Every state unit wants him. Modi is fit, possibly healthier than all else in his cabinet. The Prime Minister’s massive medical team has admitted, gladly, that for the past five years they’ve been rendered jobless – he does yoga, exercises daily, eats less and has a diet primarily of salad and soup, wakes up early, doesn’t smoke, doesn’t drink, is a vegetarian.
There is only one problem: He has to maintain the health of his vocal chords. The Prime Minister’s voice, the pitch and tenor might well dictate the future of the BJP. It is not easy, especially with 3-4 rallies, a break in the voice is normal. Gossip in the Prime Minister’s Office is that Modi’s solution comes from an old saint from Varanasi, who has prepared an ayurvedic solution. The prescription: A very simple concoction of tulsi, kali mirch and mishri boiled in water. This concentrated juice will help him, while another solution is mulethi.
The venue: Pakistan High Commission in Delhi. The event was Pakistan Day celebrations on March 23. But, the celebrations were taking place a day earlier. There was major controversy. A massive cordon of the Delhi Police was present. The Hurriyat Conference was a major factor, although no Indian representatives was there. Both American and Chinese diplomats were present.
The Chinese First Secretary (Political), Liu Ziuqin came, dressed gracefully in a salwar suit, while American Deputy Chief of Mission MaryKay L. Carlson was wearing an Indian saree, of which she has a massive collection. But irrespective of the controversy, it was clear that they were all fond of the rich, spicy and delicious Pakistani cuisine. On most occasions, diplomats tend to steer clear of such dishes, sticking to the safety of soups and salads. But during the celebrations, they gorged on biryanis, kormas and kebabs.
The Prime Minister’s mammoth campaign began in earnest after March 25. In the coming election, Modi is the star and only Shah and Jaitley were present, when his campaign strategy was discussed. A plan, spanning approximately 40 days from March 25 to the first week of May.
On an average, the Prime Minister will hold three to four rallies daily in different states. A central rally in a state capital, followed by three more. So, 40 multiplied by four, at least 160 rallies. Potentially, 200 rallies and each state, going to the polls in the seven phases, are desperate to have Modi campaign in their state.
Now it fell on Jaitley to deal with the Herculean task of delving into the demands and deciding the area where the rallies will take place. The main theme of the campaign is Sashakt Bharat — strong nation, with good governance. Most wanted slogans: ‘Namumkin abhi mumkin hain’, ‘Hum sab chowkidar hain’, ‘Modi keu pachta nahi’, ‘Mahamilwat ka halt’, among others.
The Prime Minister might end up going to Bengal, north east and Odisha more often since he is trying to get more seats in the area. Jaitley’s role will be one that he has played during many elections — holding the war room in Delhi and each morning he has been training the spokespersons’ panel. In this, Ravi Shankar Prasad has been aiding.
The combination of the rallies each day is also very important and in order to ensure that all of this is planned to perfection, Jaitley has been coming to the party office every day in the morning. The new party office, as a result, is abuzz with activity — and all the gossip about the vastu not being ideal there has also been proven wrong.
Is this what a love-hate relationship is all about? Is there bad news in the mahagathbandhan again?
A few days back, Mamata Banerjee and Rahul Gandhi sat together at Sharad Pawar’s house in Delhi. This was only to give the message that they were together. But recently, Rahul Gandhi went to West Bengal and at rally in north Bengal, he once against launched an attack on Didi, claiming that Modi and Banerjee were the same.
It is no surprise that Didi was upset and unhappy with Rahul Gandhi’s reaction. She didn’t go for an alliance with the Congress before the election, but with the Congress president’s personal attack on her and naming her, what will she do? Will she also attack Rahul in north Bengal?
To be or not to be? Didi’s question is simple: Senior people in the party and Rahul Gandhi should figure out who is their target in 2019, Modi or Mamata?
At a time when the BJP headquarters at Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg in Delhi is abuzz with activity, workers are with teeming all around, meetings are taking place, plans for the campaign are being chalked out, thali after thali is being consumed at the canteen, there is one constant: Jagdish Bhai Bhatiya.
A real estate businessman from Malviya Nagar, he isn’t a politician. But he is much in demand for many who want him to canvass for the party in their areas. The reason: because of how similar he looks to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Many senior BJP leaders have already made the mistake, as has the SPG on a few occasions. An ardent fan of Modi, Bhatiya is often found in the party office, eating thalis at the canteen. He has also made an effort to work on his Modi look. He dresses like the Prime Minister and has even got a similar haircut. Every one, as a result, wants him in their constituency. In spite of not taking a single penny, Bhatiya is more than happy is his role. (IANS)