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4 Indian litterateurs who should have got Nobel Prize

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There aren’t many international awards that carry as much repute as the Nobel Prize. While the Swedish Academy duly recognized the contribution of the western countries, it kept on ignoring the talents of the rest. In vast countries like India, there is no dearth of talented people, but their contribution went unrecognized for many decades.

Here we look at some Indian writers who surprisingly missed out on the prestigious Nobel prize.

PremchandMunshi Premchand: Buoyed by robust idealism, Munshi Premchand’s writings will always enthrall readers. His portrayal of the rural India, exploitation of the poor and peasantry and their raw emotions is at par with all top global authors. ‘Godaan’ (1936) which got translated into “The Gift of a Cow” is overwhelmingly brilliant and speaks volumes about the mettle of Munshi Premchand. Rangbhumi (1925) also testifies his calibre in story-telling and ratifies his mastery over the language. His collection of stories in the 8-part Mansarovar towers above the rest of his time. Stories like ‘Poos ki ek raat‘, ‘Panch Parmeshwar‘,  ‘Shatranj ke Khiladi’ deserve special mention.

 

Ismat Chughtai: ‘The grand dame of Urdu writing in India’, Ismat Chughtai’s outspoken narrative showcased her as a spirited artist of the first order. Her candid narrative allowed her to talk about female sexuality, smashing the genteel and respectable veneer that ismat-chughtai

surrounds such uncomfortable issues. While both Terhi Lakeer and Ziddi are remarkable instances of the feminist novel, it is the short story that spring-boarded her to zenith. Despite ‘Lihaaf’ and ‘Chauthi ka Jorha’  being controversial in nature, her skills are laudable.

 

 

Vaikom_Muhammed_BasheerVaikom Muhammad Basheer: Autobiographical in nature, Basheer’s writings with colloquial flavour and touch of sarcasm have earned high accolades among readers. Insight into the human psyche toned down by use of humour makes his writings intriguing. Popular for his autographical touch, Basheer’s books have caught the fancies of many.

Balyakalasakhi or The Childhood Companion (1944), a tragedy, is an all-time favourite among his fans. Other works include Premalekhanam or The Love Letter (1943) and Pathummayude Aadu or Pathumma’s Goat (1959).

Bibhutibhushan Bandhopadhyay: Humanity, lyricism, romanticism and bare truth, hisPather Panchali works has it all. Pather Panchali is a perfect Künstlerroman depicting the little joys and mighty sorrows of rural Bengal.  Aparajito, Aranyak, Chander Pahar are some of his brilliant works. His writings are so captivating that many were made into feature films.

The world might have ignored the contributions of the stalwarts, but the very presence of their writings have provided a base upon which generations can thrive on for ages.

(Picture Courtesy: The guardian)

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Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine Goes To Cancer Therapy Researchers From US, Japan

The prize comes with an award of $1.1 million.

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Nobel Committee of the Karolinska Institute announces 2018 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden. VOA

The 2018 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to James Allison of the University of Texas and Tasuku Honjo of Japan’s Kyoto University for their discoveries in cancer therapy.

“Allison and Honjo showed how different strategies for inhibiting the brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer,” the Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said in a statement on awarding the prize.

The prize for physiology or medicine is first Nobel Prize awarded each year.

Nobel Prize
Nobel Peace Prize Bearing Likeness of Alfred Nobel

The prizes for physics, chemistry, and peace will also be announced this week. The literature prize will not be given this year because of a sexual misconduct scandal at the body that decides the award. The Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Sciences will be announced on Monday, October 8.

The prize comes with an award of $1.1 million.

Nobel Prize
A combination photo shows Ph.D. James P. Allison of MD Anderson Cancer Center at The University of Texas in this picture obtained from MD Anderson Cancer Center (R) and Kyoto University Professor Tasuku Honjo in Kyoto, in this photo taken by Kyodo.. VOA

Who are they?

James P. Allison was born 1948 in Alice, Texas, USA. He received his PhD in 1973 at the University of Texas, Austin. From 1974-1977 he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, California. From 1977-1984 he was a faculty member at University of Texas System Cancer Center, Smithville, Texas; from 1985-2004 at University of California, Berkeley and from 2004-2012 at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York. From 1997-2012 he was an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Since 2012 he has been professor at University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas and is affiliated with the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy.

Also Read: Ovarian Caner Risks Cut in Half With a New Birth Control Pill: Study

Tasuku Honjo was born in 1942 in Kyoto, Japan. In 1966 he became an MD, and from 1971-1974 he was a research fellow in the USA at Carnegie Institution of Washington, Baltimore and at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. He received his PhD in 1975 at Kyoto University. From 1974-1979 he was a faculty member at Tokyo University and from 1979-1984 at Osaka University. Since 1984 he has been professor at Kyoto University. He was a faculty dean from 1996-2000 and from 2002-2004 at Kyoto University. (VOA)