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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared lockdown all over India around 40 days back, which caught the country men by surprise and feeling of uncertainty.
At that time , neither the Prime Minister Modi nor anyone else in India knew as to what was in store for India due to COVID 19 break out.
At that time, the news from China and some European countries regarding the spread of virus was alarming. Mr. Modi had no alternative other than imposing nationwide lockdown , as a measure of abundant precaution to save India from virus spread.
It was a pleasant surprise that entire India (population of more than 1300 million people) responded to the call of Mr. Modi without questioning. While some indifferent persons violated the lockdown proceedings, the number of such persons were miniscule compared to Indian population.
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Central and all state governments cooperated and the lockdown was implemented with maximum level of efficiency , considering the overall Indian scenario.
Actually, it was a partial lockdown, since agricultural operations were allowed and transportation of essential and non essential goods between states was permitted. Some industries producing goods such as pharmaceuticals, sanitisers, detergents and inputs required for the manufacture of these goods also operated , though at much reduced capacity.
Even with such partial lockdown, the intensity of virus spread in India was not high compared to several other countries, considering the population density of India.
Though people were put to enormous hardships, particularly those belonging to lower income group, unorganized sector and deeply deprived people like visually impaired, hearing/speech impaired, mentally retarded persons, destitute women, aged people in poor health etc. during the lockdown period of 40 days, there was no big social unrest due to such sufferings. The government was able to buy peace with them by offering freebies such as free rice, cash transfers etc.
Obviously, it is no more possible to continue with such grim situation of joblessness and slowing down of economy anymore. Therefore, lifting of the lockdown has become a matter of necessity and priority all over India.
In a population of 1300 million people, only around less than 35000 people have been infected by COVID 19 and more than 20% of the people have recovered. Till date, around 1100 persons have died due to COVID 19 and it is possible that some of these people who have died could have been suffering from other serious ailments too and lacking in immunity level.
In the normal time, on an average , seven persons die for thousand population every year in India . This translate to around 90 lakh death in a year in normal times on an average , around 15 lakh deaths every two months.
In the case of COVID 19 in India, till date less than 1100 people have died. This figure is a small fraction of deaths that have been taking place in normal year in India.
Further, it is gratifying to note that the recovery rate in India is reasonable and certainly the recovery rate would improve, as the recovery is declared only after the quarantine period of more than 14 days.
While lockdown has been implemented in India efficiently, one gets a feeling that in the coming days , implementation of lockdown would not be better than what has been achieved in the last 40 days. Continuing the lockdown in the same level would certainly provide diminishing returns.
It is time now to relax the lockdown and gradually improve the economic activity and prevent the intensity of the joblessness scenario.
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While lives and livelihood are both important factors in a welfare society, optimisation of both these factors based on ground reality would only be a pragmatic exercise.
India has gained a lot during the 40 day lockdown period , by creating awareness among the people about the COVID 19 crisis and the need for preventive measures to ensure that the virus would not spread further. People are bound to cooperate in the coming days , even if the lockdown would be steadily lifted in the interest of their self protection and it is unlikely that the situation would become worse than what it is today.
All said and done, lifting lockdown is a cost benefit decision and the fact that the virus spread and death rate has been kept well under control during the last 40 days of lockdown and the experience gained in implementing the lockdown, should give confidence to the governments to take decision on gradually lifting the lockdown.
While lockdown decision around 40 days back was a pragmatic decision, lifting lockdown at the present time gradually would be an equally pragmatic decision.
The symbol of Swastika is known to signify peace, prosperity, and good fortune in the religious cultures of Eurasia. In fact, this symbol is considered very significant in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. But, at the same time, it has become one of the most misunderstood religious symbols and has been globally banned in many countries.
The reason why the symbol of Swastika is banned in many countries is because of its association with Adolf Hitler's extreme political ideology, Nazism, as Swastika as its official symbol.
Austria, France, Latvia, Spain, Germany, and Russia are amongst the many countries that have banned the display and use of the Swastika.
Moreover, last week Victoria in Australia is preparing to become the first-ever state to ban the public display of the Swastika. This is a step towards an expansion of anti-vilification laws in the state.
Representation of the Swastika on the flag of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Movement.Photo by Flickr.
Now, we must know and understand what went wrong with this symbol, which is sacred and signifies all-good things.
For a very, very long time, in India, the Swastika is the first emblem that is worshipped or even drawn before any sacred and auspicious ceremonies as this symbol in Sanskrit represents 'well-being'. But, the Swastika lost all its credibility when it was wrongfully used by Adolf Hitler.
In fact, it is believed that if this symbol is worshipped properly, then it gives positive results. But if it is abused, then it gives negative results. So, when Adolf Hitler rotated the Swastika at 45 degrees, it slowly and steadily brought misery not only to Adolf Hitler and his theory of Nazism but also to all the people who were associated with him.
Therefore, in order to give the kind of respect and credibility which the Swastika deserves, World Interfaith Harmony Week which was held in New York in February this year, interfaith groups appealed to the United Nations to recognize and acknowledge the Swastika as an important and peaceful symbol. In fact, they also differentiated it from the Hakenkreuz or "Hooked Cross" of Adolf Hitler.
India celebrated a historic day on August 7, as 23-year-old Neeraj Chopra became the first Indian to win an Olympic gold medal in athletics. In the men's javelin throw event, he achieved his greatest triumph, throwing the javelin 87.58 meters on his second try.
Neeraj Chopra was born on December 24, 1997, in Khandra village in Haryana's Panipat district. He grew up in a Haryanavi family of farmers. He is the brother of two sisters. He graduated from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Chandigarh and is now enrolled in Lovely Professional University in Jalandhar, Punjab, pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree. Chopra was bullied due to his obesity as a kid, which prompted his father to enroll him in a nearby gym. He then joined a gym in Panipat, where Jaiveer Choudhary, a javelin thrower, noticed his potential and coached him. When the 13-year-old Chopra finished training under Jaiveer for a year, he was enrolled at the Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex in Panchkula, where he began training under coach Naseem Ahmed.
In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018. | Wikimedia Commons
Chopra's first international medal came in 2014, as he took home a silver medal at the Youth Olympic Qualification Tournament in Bangkok. In 2015, he set a world record in the junior category of 81.04 meters in the 2015 All India Inter-University Athletics Meet.
Since emerging into the public eye with a historic gold medal at the junior world championships in 2016, he has maintained a high level of performance, setting an Under-20 world record of 86.48m, which still stands. Gold medals in both the 2018 Commonwealth Games and the 2018 Asian Games are among his other accomplishments, including a first-place in the 2017 Asian Championships. In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018.
Chopra has also had his share of bad events in life. In 2019, he underwent surgery on the elbow of his right throwing arm, which kept him out of the game for almost a year. However, he returned more robust than ever. In November 2019, he went to South Africa to train from Klaus Bartoneitz. He spent the following year in India training at the NIS Patiala because of the COVID-19 pandemic. He was allowed to go to France with his coach after weeks of trying to get a travel visa.
Neeraj Chopra made history in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics by becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal in athletics. Also, it is worth mentioning that after Abhinav Bindra, Chopra is only the second Indian to win an individual gold medal.
Keywords: Neeraj Chopra, Olympics, Tokyo2020, Gold medal, javelin, India, Haryana
The emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Victorian England brought with it many apprehensions and fears that translated into a new genre in literature: the gothic. Today, the idea of the gothic does not have to much with literature as much as it is associated with fashion.
The Victorians began to wear black more often during the Industrial Revolution to hide the stains of soot on their clothes. Many of the working class were employed in factories. They were newly introduced to technology, the idea of coal as fuel, and the working of machines to serve a certain purpose. This kind of work was hard and messy. Wearing light colours burdened the tired folk when the stubborn stains did not get washed away.
The steam engine was invented to make locomotion easier for the masses, but it brought fear to the people. They had led quiet and simple lives till now, and suddenly their world was infiltrated with loud noises and smoke. Dark places became synonymous with evil deeds and mysteries. It was from this time that horror gained a place in the imaginations of people and artists.
A man sporting gothic clothes and shock coloured hair Image source: wikimedia commons
The gothics of today are those who have held on to these practices. There is no need to fear smoke and noise anymore, but the goths wear black clothes all the time, paint their skin a pale shade, to contrast their clothes, and wear bright shades of red. The traditional gothics decorated themselves with jewellery bearing religious significances, as the belief in Dracula and vampires emerged in the Victorian period. Today, it is a trend to wear studded crosses, or crosses made of black metal either as neck chokers, or earrings.
Modern goths also wear bright monotones to show their patronage of a certain style or order of the goths. They can be seen in neon shades of green, pink, and yellow, often sporting piercings, and matching hair. Their tastes are metallic, and they have an uncanny love for tattoos.
Designers consistently include gothic tastes and styles in their clothing lines to create inclusivity for this subculture. Being gothic, or identifying with them is somewhat a concern even in today's society, and such people are often stigmatised to the extent that it is considered a mental illness associated with the dark arts. The phenomenon is mostly observed in teenagers, and often phases out when they reach adulthood, depending on their sphere of influence.
Keywords: Gothic, Fashion, Victorian, Black, Jewellery