Saturday December 14, 2019

40 Million Death Per Year Due to Non Communicable Disease : WHO

Monitoring growth of Non Communicable Disease and the risk associated with it is important, says WHO

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WHO reveals non communicable disease dangerous
World Health Organisation. Wikimedia Commons
  • Non Communicable disease are the most dangerous diseases which usually last for a prolonged period
  • The driving forces of NCDs are rapid unplanned urbanisation, globalisation of unhealthy lifestyle and ageing of population
  • Facts reveal that the chronic diseases start at a premature age

June 27, 2017:  Non-Communicable diseases (NCD) are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors. There are four main types of NCD namely, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases and diabetes.

According to the World Health Organization, every year 14 million people die due to the non-communicable diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are the most prominent factors for causing the maximum deaths (17 million) which are followed by cancers (8.8-million), respiratory diseases (3.9-million), and diabetes (1.6-million).

Also Read: “Dual-Disease Burden”? India’s Great Healthcare Challenge and Opportunity

NCDs usually occur more in developing or underdeveloped countries and is mostly affect the people of older age groups but the facts say that the maximum number of deaths is in the age group of 30-69, which suggests that the chronic diseases start at a premature age. This makes everyone vulnerable to the diseases in form of unhealthy diet choices, no physical activity and usage or exposure to tobacco smoke or alcohol.

The driving forces of these NCDs are rapid unplanned urbanisation, globalisation of unhealthy lifestyle and ageing of the population. WHO said that the important way to put pressure on growing NCDs is by emphasising the need for reducing the risk factors associated with these diseases. Monitoring growth of NCDs and their risk is important for guiding policies by the government.

There is a need from all the sectors to come together to find ways to reduce the risks of NCDs with investing in better management of NCDs. This would include the detecting and treating these diseases and providing care to people in need and a need for high impact essential NCD interventions have also become necessary.

WHO also mentioned the importance of timely treatment saying, if a person is diagnosed early and treated, it would amount to lesser treatment costs than what would be used for advanced treatments.

Prepared by Sumit Balodi of NewsGram. Twitter: @sumit_balodi

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No Age-Restriction on Exercise When it Comes to Heart Health: Study

In the new study, investigators examined 733 patients who completed a 25-session cardiac rehabilitation programme

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While Heart Diseases increasingly affect young people, the number of people above the age of 65 years, and even more above the age of 80 years, dying from cardiovascular diseases is also increasing. Pixabay

Regular exercise is highly beneficial for all patients with Heart disease regardless of age, a new study has said, adding that patients who benefited most from cardiac rehabilitation were those who started out with the greatest physical impairment.

Ageing is associated with several factors such as increased inflammation or oxidative stress that predispose people to cardiovascular diseases.

“As a result, elderly patients are usually less fit than their younger counterparts, and deconditioning is accelerated once cardiovascular disease is established,” explained lead investigator Gaelle Deley from University of Burgundy Franche-Comt in France.

However, there is few data available about the impact of patient age on the physical and psychological effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation, said the study published in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

In the new study, investigators examined 733 patients who completed a 25-session cardiac rehabilitation programme.

Following the intervention, all patients experienced improvements.

“We found a few weeks of exercise training not only significantly improved exercise capacity, but also decreased anxiety and depression. Patients with the greatest physical impairments at baseline benefited the most from exercise,” said Dr Deley.

Heart
Regular exercise is highly beneficial for all patients with Heart disease regardless of age, a new study has said, adding that patients who benefited most from cardiac rehabilitation were those who started out with the greatest physical impairment. Pixabay

Another interesting result was that patients younger than 65 who were very anxious before rehabilitation benefited the most from exercise training.

A similar result was found for depressed patients older than 65.

ALSO READ: Morning Sickness Can Increase Autism Risk in Children: Study

Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death globally. While cardiovascular diseases increasingly affect young people, the number of people above the age of 65 years, and even more above the age of 80 years, dying from cardiovascular diseases is also increasing. (IANS)